Catering has got its own terminology like other businesses. Event planning service with inspired food presentation and well-trained event staff makes the catering business to grow.

In this competitive world, it has become important to have proper idea and knowledge of the business one wants to run. Understanding the catering service is simple once we come to know about its basics and major types. In this article, we'll focus on both the aspects in detail.

For the catering business opinion, basic points are:

Description & USP of the company

The description of the company involves the name and dwelling of the business, owner, experience and the kind of catering services that one will provide. The business name should be impressive and should reflect he business idea.

USP is the factor that makes one's company different from competitors in the same domain. When someone is looking for the catering company, why should they come to you? And answers like helpful staffing, fresh food, impressive food presentation, etc, reflects the uniqueness or USP of the firm.

Organizational structure

It is not that simple to handle the catering business alone as the business involves different kinds of activities like food preparation, event planning, staffing and lots more. And to deal every aspect properly, it needs to have a proper organizational structure. Moreover, one will need to list the people coming with specific information that will be engaged in different works and play effective role.

Marketing and finances

Every business has its target market and to let the business appear stronger in the market, one need to follow advanced marketing strategies.

The income and profits are dependent on the kind of investments made on the business. Moreover, it is required to have a strong finance support to evolve as a competitive caterer in the market.

After knowing the basics, we also need to know about the kind of catering services prevalent these days. There are usually four to five types of food catering services like:

White glove service

To favor customer loyalty, many professional caterers have been adopting white glove service also known as butler service. It helps in retaining high-value customers and also offers greater profitability. Throughout the event, it feels easier to call the event staff presents back to you.

Butler style

The style in which men and women offer appetizers and other food stuff to guests is termed as butler style. Butlers in fancy garb passes food with little plates and napkins to the guests.

Plated dinners

Other types of catering are plated dinners where food is prepared in the kitchen and is properly served on individual plates to guests.

Family style

Mostly in smaller weddings, family style type catering service is common where guests sit together and pass the dishes from one person to another.


Last but not the least; buffet is another catering service where wait staff is found near to every carving station to serve food to guests.

Hence, it can be said that after knowing these basics and types of professional catering services, it will become easier and simple for the person to take catering services as a serious business option.

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what are the two different types of lupus

11 thoughts on “What Are The Two Different Types Of Lupus

  1. Angelina

    (Designing a WBC) How can you “improve” a white blood cell?
    Design a new white blood cell ideas? It needs to be advanced. Maybe I wasn’t so clear on my other questions. This WBC should help fight bacterial & viral infections better than the current WBCs we have. There has to be something to make it better, it’s a project I have to do.

    1. brucemoko

      Sorry to say, you probably can’t “improve” it. Despite your assignment, there doesn’t have to be anything to make it better. There are dozens of different types of white cells, they work really well, and they all work together as parts of a complicated system. Changing part of the system would work about like “improving” Australia by introducing rabbits.

      It might be possible to create a white cell which is better at triggering apoptosis, or cleans up cellular debris more quickly, or one that is either more or less agressive toward cells displaying suspicious markers, or one which is less susceptible to invasion by pathogens, or one that promotes or inhibits inflammation under different circumstances. It’s just that any of those will probably result in an immune system which is less effective.

      In general, our current white cells suffer from both false negatives (failing to detect some diseases) and false positives (killing healthy cells). They’re a compromise – diminish false negatives and you increase false positives, and vice versa. Destroying all cancer in exchange for giving everyone lupus, MS, and diabetes isn’t helpful; neither is eliminating lupus, MS, and diabetes but having us all die of colds.

      White cells can destroy bacteria, but not viruses – they only destroy infected cells. That’s another general problem, but I can’t see a designed solution to it – once the virus is in a cell, white cells can’t fish it out. In theory you might be able to design white cells to recognize viruses before they reach cells to infect, but in practice there are two problems – viruses can mutate their coatings apallingly fast, and even if they didn’t it would take an inordinate number of white cells permeating all your tissues to catch them.

      I fear the idea of building “improved” white cells – whether biologically or using nanotech to make artificial “white cells” – relies on the flawed notion that your immune system is operating in a static environment. It isn’t.

      There are certain specific diseases which our white cells don’t handle very well (the ones they do handle very well aren’t even noticed as diseases, except in cases of immune deficiency). While it might be possible to design your white cells to handle a particular disease better, doing so would also probably make you vulnerable to new diseases.

      There is a niche for this in medicine, though. You can remove white cells, alter them to combat a specific disease, breed more of them, and then put them back in your body. This will help fight that specific disease, but doesn’t improve the overall design of your body’s white cells, which remains unchanged (not like bone marrow transplants, in which you’re basically rebooting your immune system). But you’re not improving the general designs of your white cells; you’re just adding a specific new tool for a specific purpose. Still, that’s the one area in which you might find non-magical answers to your problem.

      “Make them better at differentiating self vs. disease”, btw, is a typical magical answer. First, it’s doubtful you could do it at all – white cells have false negatives because billions of billions of bacteria and viruses mutate until they’re not recognized. Whatever your secret self-recognition signal is, some of them will find it. This can also cause false positives – many viruses and bacteria imitate legitimate body parts, and if white cells learn to destroy them, they may end up also destroying the legitimate body parts being imitated (e.g., juvenile onset diabetes). Second, to alter this system, you’d have to change every cell in your body, not just the white cells (your body’s cells stick things outside their walls just so white cells can recognize virus infections or cancer. Change the white cells and you need to change that mechanism as well – in every cell of your body). Third, a normal healthy human carries more bacterial cells than self-cells (they’re a lot smaller, so they’re under 10% of your weight even though they’re in the majority), and most of them are harmless or even beneficial; a revised immune system which killed all of them would destroy your ecology.

      Or you could just use a different definition of “improve”. You could, for instance, engineer tiny little smiley faces on each white cell, and claim it was an aesthetic improvement. Or maybe you could turn them green and say red and green blood cells are more festive for Christmas.

  2. Debby

    Will you tell your coworkers or friends you have SLE (Lupus)? Or just keep it as a secret?
    Hi, everyone, I am living in Taiwan. I am the gril with SLE(Lupus) which is an unfamiliar disease to the general public. Some of our group feel shamed for having it because the elder people told them that they have SLE due to having done something bad in previous life. So, I am just curious about that will you tell your friends or coworkers if you have SLE? Why yes, or no? Thanks.
    In Taiwan, we have a religion similar to Bubbhism called Taoism. Taoism believes that everyone has many different lives, past live, present live etc; what you do in this life would link to or influence your next life and so on. Well, it can’t be denied that Taoism does have a positive notion, telling people always be a good person, or you will get punishment next life. Actually, it is a good advice for life, but when you become the ‘example’ of punishment, you really get confused…. What did I done in past life? Can SLE make it up? ….
    Well, don’t worry about me, I won’t take it seriously anymore. Now I know it’s up to the different way of thinking, you guys really give me a lot thoughts and confidence. Which answer is the best? Wow, you’ve got me ….

    1. Mel C

      Hi Debby, first of all I am sorry that you have been diagnosed with this condition, and also that you feel unable to share this due to societal beliefs.

      I see no reason why you should not be able to conceal your illness. An ex colleague of mine had this condition and I worked with her for nearly two years before she revealed her condition. I was surprised that despite me having similar symptoms and also having trained as a nurse I had never suspected a thing. When I told her this she explained that when she had an off day she simply kept herself to herself and waited until she got home to flake out. On the days when she was really bad she had rang in sick, but as this was only ever for a couple of days, nobody had any reason to suspect she was chronically ill.

      However your ability to hide your condition also depends on the severity of your symptoms, and also the type of job you do. I suspect that if you were to have a longthy bout of severe pain or fatigue you would find it very difficult to carry on as normal, particularly if you have a physically demanding job. I say this because I have spent the past two years trying to conceal the fact that I have Fibromyalgia, as I didn’t want to be seen as a hypochondriac, or as wanting special treatment. I was also worried about not being able to find a job, if my illness was seen as having had a significant impact on my ability to carry out my duties.

      However I now realise that I did not do myself any favours, because the stress of trying to carry on as normal has led to me now having to go on sick due to an exacerbation of my symptoms combined with a severe skin condition (more than likely stress related). I have also realised that I need my friends and colleagues to know as recieving support and knowing you are not alone is really important.

      I understand that you may feel ashamed of your illness but you have the opportunity to show people that the stigma associated with youir condition is inaccurate and unnecessary. In many developing countries TB is regarded as a shameful condition and people have avoided treatment as they are too afraid of the shame it would bring to the family. I appreciate that this is a different condition entirely and that your culture probably differs also. However what i am trying to say is stigmas are not helpful to anyone, and by raising awareness you have the opportunity to improve the life of yourself and others. Many countries with high rates of TB have now acknowledged this and developed educational programmes and support groups. As a result case detection and subsequent cure rates are slowly improving.

      I am not suggesting you go to these extremes but you could consider doing something similar. When my son was diagnosed with Autism we faced doubt from people who didn’t believe in or understand his condition. We also feared that people would think it was due to bad parenting. As a result we decided to print off imformation leaflets and give them to friends and family. This was really helpful particularly as Autism is a difficult condition to describe. Doing this may help you, you may also be able to find support groups in your area, or online forums which may help you to become more aware of your condition and confident in talking about it and dispelling peoples misconceptions.

      I hope you find some of this useful, even if it may not seem entirely relevant. Good luck.

  3. Alice

    What are the responses of the different Christian denominations to IVF/Embryo Research?
    Catholics, Anglicans, Fundamentalists and any other denominations please.
    If it’s your own opinion please tell me what denomination you consider yourself to be 🙂

    1. bottomlesspit

      Lupus and allergies are two different types of Hypersensitivity reactions. A hypersensitivity reaction is when the immune response is detrimental to the host. Allergies are Type I Hypersensitivity. These occur immediately and mostly involved premade immune components, such as IgE, histamine, and basophils. Type I Hypersensitivity is also called Anaphylaxis Lupus is Type III Hypersensitivity. This involves immune complexes. Basically, antibodies bind antigens in large complexes and then are deposited in areas where they shouldn’t be, like post-capillary venules and joints.

      There are two other types of Hypersensitivity reactions, Type II, which is mediated by antibodies alone and causes diseases like anemia, and Type IV, which is Delayed Type Hypersensitivity and is mediated by cells like macrophages. When a person is tested for TB, the resulting immune response is dude to Type IV Hypersensitivity.

    1. chafarm123

      A nephrologist is a physician who specializes in the care of patients with kidney diseases or hypertension. (Some forms of hypertension or high blood pressure are caused by some kidney disorders)
      Nephrology is a sub-category of internal medicine. This type of doctor needs to be analytical and compassionate as many of his patients are seriously ill.
      Nephrologists manage kidney diseases from a variety of sources. Some patients have kidney or renal insufficiency as a result of untreated hypertension. Others have renal insufficiency or failure as a result of poorly managed or incompletely managed diabetes (Either autoimmune type I or Diabetes Mellitus Type II which are in fact, two different diseases)
      Generally, you would learn some excellent and rapid patient assessment skills. You would also improve your cardiovascular medical assessment skills because these patients often have vascular issues in addition. You would learn a fair measure concerning laboratory levels of common electrolytes and substances such as K (potassium) and creatinine etc. etc. A nephrologist also must be capable of inserting shunts and specialized catheters in order that his patients receive dialysis which can either be hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. Although the two patient groups I mentioned are seen most often, a nephrologist will also treat those with renal cancer on occasion, those who have abused or become poisoned with NSAIDs, often ibuprofen which is very toxic to the kidney (nephrotoxic) and those with cystic kidneys. (PKD) Lupus patients and those with vascular disorders which have impeded vascular flow to the kidney may also be seen. A nephrologist may also follow pregnant women with pre-eclampsia toxemia or other disorders which impact her renal function during pregnancy. There are physicians who specialize in pediatric nephrology also. This is a favorite specialty of mine.

    1. Trisha

      I answer what i known please.Autoimmune diseases arise from an inappropriate immune response of the body against substances and tissues normally present in the body. In other words, the immune system mistakes some part of the body as a pathogen and attacks its own cells. This may be restricted to certain organs (e.g. in autoimmune thyroiditis) or involve a particular tissue in different places (e.g. Goodpasture’s disease which may affect the basement membrane in both the lung and the kidney). The treatment of autoimmune diseases is typically with immunosuppression—medication which decreases the immune response.For a disease to be regarded as an autoimmune disease, it needs to answer to Witebsky’s postulates (first formulated by Ernst Witebsky and colleagues in 1957 and modified in 1994.Direct evidence from transfer of pathogenic antibody or pathogenic T cells.Indirect evidence based on reproduction of the autoimmune disease in experimental animals.Circumstantial evidence from clinical clues.

      Three main sets of genes are suspected in many autoimmune diseases. These genes are related to:
      T-cell receptors
      The major histocompatibility complexes (MHC).
      The first two, which are involved in the recognition of antigens, are inherently variable and susceptible to recombination. These variations enable the immune system to respond to a very wide variety of invaders, but may also give rise to lymphocytes capable of self-reactivity.Scientists such as H. McDevitt, G. Nepom, J. Bell and J. Todd have also provided strong evidence to suggest that certain MHC class II allotypes are strongly correlated with HLA DR2 is strongly positively correlated with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, narcolepsy[6] and multiple sclerosis, and negatively correlated with DM Type 1.HLA DR3 is correlated strongly with Sjögren’s syndrome, myasthenia gravis, SLE, and DM Type 1.HLA DR4 is correlated with the genesis of rheumatoid arthritis, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, and pemphigus vulgaris.

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