Clubfoot is the foot that's a deformation at childbirth, directed downwards and inward and also spun. Clubfeet is normally of various types. Most important four different kinds of clubfeet are:

Congenital: A congenital clubfoot is a foot having uncommon bony problems present upon childbirth though not related to any neuromuscular factor or symptoms

Teratologic: A teratologic clubfoot is involved with neurologic complications which includes spina bifida.

Positional: A positional clubfoot will be a ordinary foot that's kept in an unpleasant point in utero. All the bony position is common and also the foot is often corrected through extending or perhaps a little span of spreading.

Syndromic: A syndromic clubfoot is affiliated with a standard hereditary issue which includes arthrogryposis. Each teratologic as well as syndromic clubfeet usually need operation as specified approach, nevertheless casting does help stretch out the soft cells in preparation for the procedure.

This is found at birth and may even be determined through ultrasound right before childbirth. Whenever not dealt with, the foot deformity may result child's walking extremely stressful and can be painful. Contacting an experienced pediatric orthopedic surgeon can offer most effective treatment options to patients containing clubfoot. Even though surgical procedure was once thought of as the normal therapy, substantially less intrusive processes, such as Ponseti casting or physiotherapy by using French functional procedure, are currently widely used process.

What's causing clubfoot?

The root reason for clubfoot is not really yet figured out. Much of the individuals stated that this problem is normally hereditary, when it can be found in the families. This disorder is most common in boys compared with baby girls and also the incidence level is 0.1% (one in every 1000 babies).

How clubfoot could be discovered?

Clubfoot is frequently recognized after the birth of the kid and it can even be diagnosed by using ultrasound examination even before the birth. It's essential to speak with a good pediatric surgeon to achieve the best prognosis, however often the heel tilts in and downwards and the forefoot spins in. Most commonly the afflicted foot and leg are smaller than those of the unaltered calf.

Dealing with pediatric clubfoot

Treatment plan should start during infancy only. Babies and young children are typically diagnosed in various ways. Non surgical ways involve: Ponseti casting treatment as well as the French physiotherapy approach to taping, stretching and massaging. In case when these ways won't work, after that child may have operation.

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what are the four different types of lupus

19 thoughts on “What Are The Four Different Types Of Lupus

  1. Tom

    Will I have an autoimmune disease?
    My mother has an autoimmune disease. IgA nephropathy

    My father has an autoimmune disease. Diabetes (type 1).

    My grandfather(mother’s side) has an autoimmune disease. Rheumatoid arthritis.

    The grandfather’s mother had an autoimmune disease as well.

    Are these autoimmune diseases linked? Am I likely to suffer?

    Any information on the subject in general is greatly appreciated

    1. ★☆✿❀

      There is some thought that autoimmune diseases are hereditary. This is different from genetic diseases. I’m sure you remember the punnett squares? They refer to genetic conditions. So of four children, 1 will have the condition, two will be carriers, one won’t be affected. But with hereditary conditions it’s not as clear cut. Having a family member with an autoimmune disease increases your risk of developing one. But we don’t know by how much and we can’t accurately predict whether one will develop an autoimmune disease.

      In my family, my mother has Celiac Disease, my grandmother has Hashimoto’s, my grandfather has Rheumatoid Arthritis. I have an autoimmune connective tissue disease and Celiac Disease. None of my other cousins (who also have parents with autoimmune diseases) have any medical conditions. Eleven out of 12 of us have autoimmune diseases.

      Certain autoimmune diseases are more likely to be passed on. For example, if a parent has Celiac Disease, you have an 11-22% chance of developing it. If your parent has Lupus, you have a 5% chance.

      Also, if your parent has an autoimmune disease, it increases your chance of developing ANY autoimmune disease.

      Basically, you do have an increased risk, no one can say whether you will develop an autoimmune disease, but your chance of NOT developing one is MUCH higher than your chance of developing one.

      Good luck.


  2. Famez

    Does all lupus effect your skin?
    I know there are many different types of lupus,but when I research it skin rashes are discussed a lot. I was wondering if there was a type that didn’t effect your skin. If so, Which type is it? Thankyou.

    1. Linda R

      There are four types of lupus.
      1. Neonatal lupus affects newborns of mothers who have lupus. If often clears on its own in about 6 months or so. In some cases the child may have congenital heart block which does not resolve itself.
      2. Drug induced lupus is caused by certain medications, notably those for high blood pressure or tuberculosis. It goes away when the drug is withdrawn.
      3. Cutaneous or discoid lupus affects the skin.
      4. Systemic lupus erythematosus affects the body internally (joints, organs, and/or nervous system).

      Some people who have cutaneous lupus develop systemic lupus. Some people who have systemic lupus develop cutaneous lupus.

  3. Anonymous

    Should society support cloning, stem cell research and transgenic species production?
    What are the advantages and disadvantages?

  4. Brian

    Help; need an asthma inhaler; some people are broke you rich bastards?
    been taking primatene mist an over the counter inhaler for $20 bucks; is there an alternative please help.

    1. Jimmy Bennett

      I found that one of the reasons that Aloe works for asthma (and other conditions like arthritis and lupus) is because it is anti-inflammatory. So, it keeps the airways from getting inflamed. Another reason it works is because it is also excellent for treating allergies which many times are a trigger for asthma. One of the reasons it works for allergies is because of the collagen it causes your body to produce which thickens the the mucus linings of your respiratory system and intestinal tract (heals leaky gut) which in turn helps you not to be so sensitive to allergens. Another reason is that it treats systemic candida which is usually the root of asthma and allergies.

      The funny thing I noticed, which is not mentioned in any literature I have researched about Aloe, is that it has also helped with his stunted growth. My son is really short for his age and in the two years before taking Aloe, he only grew six inches total. Once he began taking Aloe for his asthma he grew almost six inches in one year. The growth spurt coincided exactly with time he first began the Aloe. I’ve tried my own “experiments” to see if his growth is related to the Aloe or if it is just his time to start growing, and I’ve found that if he has a period of a couple of months where he doesn’t take his Aloe at all or only takes it once a week or so, he only grows about a quarter of an inch per month or less. When he takes it every single day, he grows about a half inch per month.

      My father has been really inspired about my son’s story and began taking it himself about four months ago for his prostate. He has been on prostate medication for the past ten years and still gets up to urinate about four times per night. He has tried different prostate medicines as well as his own share of home remedies, and nothing has worked. Well, after drinking Aloe daily for a couple of months, he was able to get off of his prostate medicine completely. Now he only gets up once or twice per night and he’s not on any prostate medicine.

      I’ve heard some people make some type of Aloe tea infusion, but the way we take Aloe is this: We buy a fresh Aloe stalk from the produce section of the grocery store. It has to be at least fourteen inches long, or I’ve read it’s not as beneficial. The Aloe has to be nice and firm. Don’t use it if it is soft and squishy as it is too old and may actually aggravate some candida problems. We slice off a three inch section from the base and peel off the thick green skin with a paring knife and discard it. We then take the gel (from the three inch section) and gently blend it with a drink mixer with some orange juice for palatability. The less you blend, the better as you don’t want to destroy the beneficial properties.

      You can buy bottled Aloe, but I DON’T RECOMMEND IT! While there may be some good Aloe products out there, I’ve read that sometimes the bottle can say 100% Aloe and it is actually 95% water, but for some reason the FDA allows them to say 100% Aloe even if it isn’t. The other reason is that bottled Aloe is usually pasteurized which kills many of the beneficial enzymes that make Aloe so effective. Fresher is always better with Aloe. U NEED RAW.. un processed

  5. Jozzy

    Will ever Stem Cell or Adult Stem Cell be finish or come true?
    I don’t know if it’s coming true or not? I would like to know the fact about it because all different sites gives different information. How would I know if it’s coming true for USA or not?

  6. Lin W

    I had a total hysterectomy in Oct and stopped taking estrogen in March should I go back on?
    My doctor increased me from the patch to the pills but doubled the dose and this increased my sugar levels (type 2) I also have Lupus and I am having a flare. I have been to four different specialist and three told me not to take estrogen, one told me to take it if it makes me feel better.

    Am I the only one lossing my mind

    1. IG64

      The estrogen is intended to reduce the issues your body and you will go through during menopause. If your not having the hot flashes and night sweats since you have been off the estrogen then there is no reason to go onto it.

      In general you shouldn’t take any hormone you don’t need to take as it increases your risks of other health problems. You were probably only put on it because the doctor was old school and felt that menopause was a disease rather than a fact of life. Many women that go through natural menopause never take hormones and many only take them for a short time. The hormones aren’t doing anything good for you long-term, they are just intended to make you feel better short-term. But if your already off them and feel fine don’t start again there isn’t any point.

  7. lollipop123

    Do you have any ideas about doing a multi-genre about the ethics of stem cell research?
    i need to have at least 8 different genres

  8. cupcake

    question in regards to healthcare system of egypt…please help?
    what was the historical development? what are the legislations and regulations? what are the disadvantages and advantages? what are the major diseases and medical developments?

    i dont expect much and no stupid answers or u will get a thumbs down. provide links also.. thanks

  9. Lizzy

    Blood pressure question?
    If some one has a top measure reading of between 135-160 and the bottom number most of the time of less then 80, is this a concern?
    My Mum’s pressure is like this–even while on blood pressure medication. When she has been put on meds. for her pressure, her top number remains the same but the bottom goes down too low that she ends up being taken off of her meds. She takes the smallest (lowest) amount of meds. which she can be given for she takes this for her lupus.
    Doctors are not really helping any–all they do is…take this pill….that pill…. She has been to 3 different heart doctors and on 9 different types of pills with-in the past 10 years, nothing is helping.
    Is there maybe a different form of pill or maybe a different type of doctor which she might want to seek out, maybe a heart doctor is not what she needs and needs a more specialized?

    I’m fully aware this is not a doctors forum nor a place for people to suggest medical advice…. just wanting to hear from those who might also have this issue and what some might suggest.

    1. gangadharan nair

      Your mom has isolated systolic hypertension.
      Isolated systolic hypertension is defined as a systolic pressure that is above 140 mm Hg with a diastolic pressure that is below 90. This disorder primarily affects older people and is characterized by an increased (wide) pulse pressure. The pulse pressure is the difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures. (Pulse pressure = Systolic BP–Diastolic BP). An elevation of the systolic pressure without an elevation of the diastolic pressure, as in isolated systolic hypertension, therefore increases the pulse pressure. Stiffening of the arteries contributes to this widening of the pulse pressure.
      Optimum pulse pressure is 40 mmHg. Let your mom’s blood pressure is 148/80 mmHg. 148 mmHg is taken as an average systolic BP. Pulse pressure is 148–80 = 68 mmHg. Pulse pressure more than 40 mmHg is abnormal. It is very difficult to lower the systolic BP by medications without lowering the diastolic BP.
      Once considered to be harmless, a high pulse pressure is now considered an important precursor or indicator of health problems and potential end-organ damage. Isolated systolic hypertension is associated with a two to four times increased future risk of an enlarged heart, a heart attack (myocardial infarction), a stroke (brain damage), and death from heart disease or a stroke. Clinical studies in patients with isolated systolic hypertension have indicated that a reduction in systolic blood pressure by at least 20 mm to a level below 160 mm Hg reduces these increased risks.
      Cardiovascular mortality risk doubles for every 20 mmHg of systolic BP or 10 mmHg of diastolic BP over and above the normal blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg.
      Lifestyle changes can help you control and prevent high blood pressure — even if you’re taking blood pressure medication. Here’s what you can do:–
      * Eat healthy foods.
      * Decrease the salt in your diet.
      * Maintain a healthy weight.
      * Increase physical activity.
      * Limit alcohol.
      * Don’t smoke.
      * Manage stress.
      * Monitor your blood pressure at home.
      * Practice relaxation or slow, deep breathing.
      Adopt DASH diet (Mediterranean diet). Eat a low-cholesterol, low-fat diet, which includes cottage cheese, fat-free milk, fish, vegetables, poultry, and egg whites. Use monounsaturated oils such as olive, peanut, and canola oils or polyunsaturated oils such as corn, safflower, soy, sunflower, cottonseed, and soybean oils. Avoid foods with excess fat in them such as meat (especially liver and fatty meat), egg yolks, whole milk, cream, butter, shortening, pastries, cakes, cookies, gravy, peanut butter, chocolate, olives, potato chips, coconut, cheese (other than cottage cheese), coconut oil, palm oil, and fried foods.

  10. xoxo_peridot05_xoxo

    Can my dog get lupus disease if he was near a dog who had it? …is it contagious?
    i was walking my dog (spaniel) and we saw this dog coming towards us who had lupus…i didnt want to be rude to the owner so i let them sniff each other…will my dog get affected???
    PLS!!! help
    FYI to ppl who said how can i detect if the dog had lupus….

    THE owner told me and you can see his face was hairless….

    1. Yogi and Me

      i think that’s genetic not a contagious disease. You can’t get Lupus from someone who have them either.
      here’s the definition from Mayo clinic
      Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs.

      Lupus occurs more frequently in women than it does in men, though it isn’t clear why. Four types of lupus exist — systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, drug-induced lupus erythematosus and neonatal lupus. Of these, systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common and serious form of lupus.

      The outlook for people with lupus was once grim, but diagnosis and treatment of lupus has improved considerably. With treatment, most people with lupus can lead active lives.

  11. Happiness

    Need help on starting a research paper?
    I am writing a paper on stem cell research and I can’t figure out how to start the introduction paragraph. Please give an example of a topic sentence for me. Thank you!

  12. Satans Little Girl

    whats the difference between a wolf and a dog?
    also the diffreance between a cat and a lion would be helpful ^.^ thanks
    i would like some facts a 13 year old needs more then that
    you guys are not getting it i need facts i know that aldredy gosh be nice i just 13

    1. tj12735

      Wolf and dog are members of the family canidae. Wolf is known as canis lupus. Dog is known as canis lupus familiaris or canis familiaris. Dogs are descended from wolves. Wolves are ancestors of dogs. Wolves and dogs have different subspecie. Wolves have grey and red wolves. Dogs have labrador, dalmatian, chihuahua, pointers, etc.

      Lions and cats are members of the family felidae.The cat (Felis catus), also known as the domestic cat or house cat to distinguish it from other felines, is a small carnivorous species of crepuscular mammal that is often valued by humans for its companionship and its ability to hunt vermin. It has been associated with humans for at least 9,500 years.

      A skilled predator, the cat is known to hunt over 1,000 species for food. It is intelligent and can be trained to obey simple commands. Individual cats have also been known to learn on their own to manipulate simple mechanisms, such as doorknobs. Cats use a variety of vocalizations and types of body language for communication, including meowing, purring, hissing, growling, squeaking, chirping, clicking, and grunting. Cats are popular pets and are also bred and shown as registered pedigree pets. This hobby is known as the “Cat Fancy”.

      The lion (Panthera leo) is a member of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. With exceptionally large males exceeding 250 kg (550 lb) in weight, it is the second-largest living cat after the tiger. Wild lions currently exist in sub-Saharan Africa and in Asia with a critically endangered remnant population in northwest India, having disappeared from North Africa, the Middle East, and western Asia in historic times. Until the late Pleistocene (about 10,000 years ago), the lion was the most widespread large land mammal beside humans. They were found in most of Africa, much of Eurasia from western Europe to India, and the Bering land bridge and, in the Americas, from the Yukon to Peru.

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