Cutaneous Lupus Diagnosis

Polycystic ovarian syndrome defines a female endocrine disorder manifested by irregular menstruation or amenorrhea (abnormal suppression or absence of menstruation), abnormal vaginal bleeding, sterility, hirsutism (excessive and increased hair growth), baldness, acne, fat complexion, cutaneous pigmentation, obesity, metabolic disorders (especially resistant to insulin and diabetes) and cardio-vascular complications (of which the most frequent is hypertension). The woman’s body undergoes a process of virilization. The state of mind is characterized by anxiety, restlessness and depression, oscillating emotional states, etc.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is caused by the improper function of the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland, a disorder that will also affect the activity of the other endocrine organs: the thyroid, the adrenals and the ovaries. The ovarian function and structure are the most affected. The polycystic ovary is larger than the healthy one. A lot of micro cysts (follicles with immature ovules that were not discharged in a menstrual cycle) cover its surface. The polycystic ovary has a fibrous structure and reduced elasticity.

Other causes of the polycystic ovarian syndrome include anomalies of ovarian, renal, pituitary or hypothalamic vascularization. The vascularization anomalies are genetically inherited or they occur during the intrauterine life. Pathological alterations in the ovary may also occur during childhood or in the adult life because of a poor hygiene, frequent colds and contamination with certain bacteria and viruses, etc.

Diagnosis of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

The diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome is ascertained based on the patient’s medical history, on the accused symptoms as well as on certain analyses and medical investigations measuring the hormonal activity, the condition and the functions of the genital system and of the endocrine system:

  • the level of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone secreted by the pituitary gland; the deficiencies of FSH account for the obstruction of the processes of follicle maturation and ovule secretion)
  • the prolactine level (a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland, stimulating lactation in pregnant women)
  • the level of male hormones (testosterone)
  • the level of feminine hormones (progesterone, estrogen)
  • the level of LH (luteinizing hormone, a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland; stimulates the gonads – ovaries and testicles)
  • abdominal echography with visualisation of the genital apparatus
  • intravaginal echography
  • laparoscopy
  • biopsy of the ovarian tissue
  • urine analysis
  • abdominal MRI with visualisation of the genital apparatus

Treatment of the Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome

In order to reabsorb the micro-cystic formations, the pituitary gland and the hypothalamic functions need to be restored. As soon as the hormonal secretions are normalized, the ovaries will receive the optimum hormone level to resume their activity.  The acupuncture needles are inserted in the area of the head but also in the area of the adrenals and of the ovaries in order to speed up the process of cyst reabsorbtion. The herb products included in the treatment protocol contribute especially to the process of restoring the pituitary and hypothalamic functions, but also to prepare the ovaries to appropriately receive the hormones secreted by the two glands.


Lupus Diagnosis

It’s Never Lupus

Author: Elea Almazora

a€œIt’s not lupus, it’s never lupus!a€ says Gregory House in an episode of the hit television series HOUSE, M.D. – it was a line that made fun of the fact that the diagnostics team that the show often focuses on always brings up lupus as the patient’s possible medical condition, a diagnosis that has been proven wrong time and time again. The line was, of course, an instant sensation among the fans of the show and the fact that there is an actual web page – one that has a YouTube video featuring all the times the team had diagnosed a patient with lupus embedded on it – is proof of that. Since the utterance of that line, a€œIt’s never lupusa€ has had so many people quoting it and putting it on t-shirts that even people who don’t actually watch the show have come to know it.

One thing that some people have started to wonder about is why the writers of the show favored mentioning lupus over all the other possible illnesses. Is lupus really that common? Or, perhaps, the better question would have to be a€œIs lupus really that interesting?a€ After all, the bulk of an episode of HOUSE, M.D. is mainly focused on the unusual conditions of the patients and the diagnostics team’s race against time to figure what is wrong with the patients so that they may be given the appropriate treatment. Given that little tidbit, it wouldn’t be too hard to imagine that lupus is thrown into the script a lot of times because of all the medical mishap possibilities that the diagnosis could bring up.

Having said that, it should perhaps be pointed out that the writers of HOUSE, M.D. should be considered smart for using lupus as a a€œthrow-awaya€ diagnosis in many cases. Why, you ask? Because the reasoning is nevertheless completely plausible even if the almighty and all-knowing Gregory House proves them wrong in the end. After all, lupus does indeed create so many complications that could explain some of the symptoms that the patients featured on the show display – and the creepy part is that there are real medical cases upon which the cases in HOUSE, M.D. is based (but let’s not get into that).

The point to be made here is that lupus causes so many other health problems that one has to wonder why it DOESN’T become a standard part of the diagnostics process in the really weird and potentially fatal cases that could be encountered in reality. Lupus is an autoimmune disease, which in layman’s terms means that the body attacks and destroys its own tissues and cells because it cannot understand the difference between those and the a€œaliena€ materials that make us sick. Your joints, your heart, your lungs, your kidneys, your skin and even your brain get attacked by your immune system when you have lupus, and and it is inevitable that at some point – when it gets too much – your body may begin to shut down as well.

Because it is a disease affecting the immune system, some people believe that lupus is a blood disorder (because white blood cells are an essential component of the immune system). This is a mistaken assumption – lupus is not in itself a blood problem; however, lupus CAUSES a number of blood disorders because it attacks blood cells as well; of course, these blood disorders help in determining the approach to treating the lupus. Because of this, blood experts are brought in when a case of lupus is discovered – which is possibly why some people are so sure that lupus is a blood disorder when it in fact only brings about blood problems like too much blood clotting (thrombosis), and low red blood and hemoglobin levels (anemia).

Yes, everyone should be able to understand the irony of our own a€œanti-sicknessa€ system being an actual cause of sickness – one of the things that makes lupus a very interesting condition to ponder. Whether or not you knew much about it before it was constantly mentioned in HOUSE, M.D. doesn’t matter anymore. In the end, lupus has become part of popular culture’s consciousness and more people have become aware of it.

One last thing: while many people expected that a€œthe conditiona€ that changes in every episode would never be lupus, an episode in the current season ended up with a patient actually HAVING lupus, prompting Gregory House to say a€œI finally have a case of lupus.a€ So while some of you may have started to think that in real life, a€œit’s never lupusa€, remember that even in the show that coined the phrase, lupus happens.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/diseases-and-conditions-articles/its-never-lupus-391177.html

About the Author

Elea Almazora currently works as a contributor to many information-based websites, writing about many subjects ranging from culture to sciences.

For more information related to this article, please visit BloodDisorders.Com


What Is Lupus Disease

What You Need to Know About Lupus

Author: Gilchrist Adam

Lupus is a complicated disease. Whether it has been suggested you may have lupus, or you have a definitive diagnosis, you should know these basic facts about lupus.

What Is Lupus?

Lupus is an autoimmune disorder which affects organ systems, skin, joints, and internal organs. Lupus basically is a Latin word that literally means “wolf”. Lupus is a disease that often induces a facial rash that causes its victims to have the appearance of a wolf. Individuals with lupus will generate antibodies to their own body tissues. The consequential soreness can cause damage in many organs of the body including kidney, joints, blood vessels, heart and lungs.

Who Can Suffer From Lupus?

Both men and women can get affected by Lupus, but it is eight times as likely in women. It can also occur at any age, but the typical age range for someone to get Lupus is ten to fifty. It is normally more common in African American people as well as Asian people. This is a disease that is usually hereditary, but in some cases there is no family history of Lupus.

Causes

Lupus is a disease that turns the defenses of the body against the body itself. Lupus occurs when antibodies attack the healthy cells in the body. Certain drugs can cause Lupus as well. A number of cases have some family background to them, but in a few cases there is no obvious cause for the disease. The disease has been greatly researched and has been associated to other disorders, but only in theory.

Symptoms

Symptoms can differ in a wide range of areas in the body. In the musculoskeletal area, the joints are affected and it causes mild to severe joint pain. Lupus is known to cause arthritis in the hands. The skin is affected by rashes, skin cuts, and painful nodules that appear to be raised bruises. Kidneys produce protein deposits and can have renal failure, leading to dialysis. The Nervous System can cause mental dysfunction, seizures, psychosis, and severe headaches. Blood clots can occur as well as pulmonary embolism. The heart could produce chest pain. The symptoms in the heart could also be associated with the effects Lupus has in the blood, with the clotting that can occur. Shortness of breath and even pleurisy can occur within the lungs due to Lupus.

Treatment

Forms of treatment for Lupus have to concentrate on its side effects. There is no cure for the disease itself, so easing the symptoms is all a person can do. Anti-inflammatory medication is given for arthritis pain as well as the pleurisy. Skin rashes can be helped with corticosteroids, which typically comes in a cream form or lotion to not only clear up the rash, but to also sooth it. Relentless symptoms need to be checked by a specialist. Changing lifestyles to healthy habits, such as eating balanced meals and getting minimal exercise will help. Having a stress free environment also helps enormously.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/what-you-need-to-know-about-lupus-344384.html

About the Author

Are you affected with Lupus? Are you looking for reliable information about the disease? Come to Lupus Guild website for everything you need to know about it.