Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two bones meet. A joint functions to allow movement of the body parts it connects. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia.

Arthritis is classified as one of the rheumatic diseases. These are conditions that are different individual illnesses, with differing features, treatments, complications, and prognosis. They are similar in that they have a tendency to affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and many have the potential to affect internal body areas as well. There are many forms of arthritis (over 100 have been described so far, and the number is growing). The forms range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation as a result of an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis). Together, the many forms of arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the United States.

Arthritis sufferers include men and women, children and adults. Approximately 350 million people worldwide have arthritis. Over 40 million people in the United States are affected by arthritis, including over a quarter million children! More than half of those with arthritis are under 65 years of age. Nearly 60% of Americans with arthritis are women.

Arthritis Causes

The causes of arthritis depend on the form of arthritis. Causes include injury (leading to degenerative arthritis), abnormal metabolism (such as gout and pseudogout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus). Treatment programs, when possible, are often directed toward the precise cause of the arthritis. More than 21 million Americans have osteoarthritis. Approximately 2.1 million Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, and warmth. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present. Loss of range of motion and deformity can result. Certain forms of arthritis can also be associated with pain and inflammation of tendons surrounding joints.

Some forms of arthritis are more of an annoyance than a serious medical problem. However, millions of people suffer daily with pain and disability from arthritis or its complications. Moreover, many of the forms of arthritis, because they are rheumatic diseases, can cause symptoms affecting various organs of the body that do not directly involve the joints. Therefore, symptoms in some patients with certain forms of arthritis can also include fever, gland swelling, weight loss, fatigue, feeling unwell, and even symptoms from abnormalities of organs such as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.

Home Remedies for Arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Potato Juice:

The raw potato juice treatment is considered one of the most victorious biological treatments for rheumatic and arthritic situations. It has been used in folk medicine for over centuries. The conventional technique of preparing potato juice is to cut a medium-sized potato into thin slices, without peeling the skin, and put the slices overnight in a big glass filled with cold water. The water should be drunk in the sunrise on an empty stomach.. A medium-sized potato must be diluted with a cup of water and drunk first thing in the morning. One of the good and well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Other Raw Juices:

One cup of green juice, extracted from any green leafy vegetable, diverse in equal size with carrot, celery, and red beet juices is superior for arthritis. The alkaline action of raw juices dissolves the gathering of deposits around the joints and in extra tissues. A cup of fresh pineapple juice is also precious, as the enzyme bromelain in fresh pineapple juice reduces swelling and inflammation in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis treatment via Sesame Seeds

A teaspoon of black sesame seeds, drenched in a quarter cup of water and kept overnight, has been found to be efficient in preventing frequent joint pains. The water in which the seeds are soaked must also be taken along with the seeds first thing in the morning. One of the best home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Copper:

Drinking water kept overnight in a copper container accumulates traces of copper, which is said to build up the muscular system. A copper ring or bracelet is worn for the same cause.

Arthritis treatment with Calcium

Studies have exposed that calcium can help arthritis. Several patients have discovered that joint pains have either been reassured or have disappeared entirely after taking calcium. This mineral must be taken in the form of calcium lactate. Two teaspoons of calcium lactate, each teaspoon providing 400 mg of absorbable calcium, may be taken three times each day in water, before meals for at least four months.

Arthritis treatment via Garlic:

Garlic is an additional successful remedy for arthritis. It contains an anti-inflammatory property, which accounts for its efficiency in the treatment of this disease. Garlic may be taken raw or cooked according to person preference. One of the effective home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Bananas:

Bananas, being a rich source of vitamin B6, have proved helpful in the treatment of arthritis. A diet of merely bananas for three or four days is advised in treating this situation. The patient may eat eight or nine bananas daily throughout this period and nothing else.

Find powerful herbal remedies Rheumatic Arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Lime

Lime has also been found useful as a home remedy for arthritis. The citric acid found in lime is a solvent of uric acid, which is the chief cause of some types of arthritis. The juice of one lime, diluted with water, may be taken once a day, if possible first thing in the morning.

Arthritis treatment with Alfalfa:

A tea made from the herb alfalfa, particularly from its seeds, has shown useful results in the treatment of arthritis. One teaspoon of alfalfa seeds might be added to one cup of water. Three to four cups of this tea must be taken daily by arthritics for at least two weeks. One of the safe home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Green Gram Soup

Another home remedy found helpful in relieving pains in the joints is the use of green gram soup. This soup must be prepared by mixing a tablespoon of green gram in a cup of water, with two crushed garlic cloves. It must be taken two times a day

Arthritis treatment via Castor Oil:

Treatment with castor oil has been found helpful in arthritis. The process, as prescribed by a Spanish doctor, is to boil two tablespoons of castor oil over a stove burner. The oil must then be poured into a glass of fresh orange juice and taken before breakfast each day till the disease is cured. It was advised to patients to take it for three weeks, stay for another three weeks and then do it again for another three weeks. It is, though, essential that the patient must take an alkaline diet while adopting this form of treatment otherwise the value of the treatment will be gone. One of the well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Coconut or Mustard Oil

Warm coconut oil or mustard oil, mixed with two or three pieces of camphor must be massaged on rigid and aching joints. It will amplify blood supply, and decrease inflammation and stiffness with the calm warmth produced while massaging.

About the author:


prognosis lupus women

17 thoughts on “Prognosis Lupus Women

  1. theemandee

    52 and diagnosed with Lupus but are all her symptoms caused by the lupus?
    My mom has been in and out of the hospital over the last few months and recently has been put on 24-7 watch at the hospital near me because of Lupus.

    A few days ago she felt fine.. they have her on steroids for lupus and she was doing great. Then they did surgery to remove fluid from around her heart that the steroids didn’t get.. and she’s not herself anymore. She doesn’t remember who we are and sometimes doesn’t remember where she is. It’s like talking to an 80 year old with dementia or alzheimers. It’s really, really scary to see her like this.

    Has anyone seen confusion and memory loss in Lupus? She gets over agitated very easily and thinks every noise is something significant. Her heart rate has been jumping up to 205-209 so they have her on medication to try and keep it down. Is this just because of the late diagnosis of Lupus? She only had 3 out of 4 of the criteria before and they wouldn’t treat her but now she has the criteria and is finally being treated.

    Will she come out of this? Will she be herself again?

    1. matador 89

      In Lupus, the immune system attacks healthy cells and tissues by mistake. This can damage the joints, skin, blood vessels and organs. There are many kinds of lupus. The most common type, systemic lupus erythematosus, affects many parts of the body. Discoid lupus causes a rash that doesn’t go away. Subacute cutaneous lupus causes sores after being out in the sun. Another type can be caused by medication. Neonatal lupus, which is rare, affects newborns. Anyone can get lupus, but women are most at risk. Lupus is also more common in African American, Hispanic, Asian and Native American women. The cause of lupus is not known. Unfortunately, you have described one of the possible symptoms of Lupus. Symptoms of lupus can range from mild to severe and may come and go over time. Other symptoms of lupus include chest pain, hair loss, anaemia (a decrease in red blood cells), mouth ulcers, and pale or purple fingers and toes from cold and stress. Some people also experience headaches, dizziness, depression, confusion, or seizures. New symptoms may continue to appear years after the initial diagnosis, and different symptoms can occur at different times. The idea that lupus is generally a fatal disease is a big misconception. In fact, the prognosis of lupus is much better today than ever before. It is true that medical science has not yet developed a method for curing lupus. And some people do die from the disease. However, people with non-organ threatening aspects of lupus can look forward to a normal lifespan. The course of the disease is characterised by periods of remission when the person is free from symptoms and by periods of flare-up when the symptoms return or are not under control.


      It is extremely important to obtain an accurate diagnosis before trying to find a cure. Many diseases and conditions share common symptoms.

      The information provided here should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions.

      Hope this helps
      matador 89

  2. InPain247

    Doctor thinks I have lupus but I only fit some of the Criteria…What do you think?
    Lupus has 11 Criteria and you must have at least 4 of the criteria to be diagnosed with lupus.

    My medical condition is not very good. I suffered a pulmonary embolism a couple months ago and now I am left with the most horrible pain I have ever experienced in my life. Every time I breath I feel burning, stabbing and bruising. My lungs cannot expand to their full capacity due to inflammation of my lungs and fluid in the pleural cavity. I cannot walk more than 50 meters without being totally out of breath. Going up the stairs is too much for me and I end up out of breath once at the top.

    I suffer from 2 blood disorders, Thrombocytopenia (low platelets) and leukocytosis (high white cells). These conditions never go away and are not under control with any medications. I have tried every medication, and my disease does not respond.

    Recently I saw my respirologist and he thought I may have lupus. My question is. Can you have lupus is you don’t have the high Anti Nuclear Anti body?
    For some reason I don’t test positive for the high ANA’s but my sister does. She also has a connective tissue problem.

    Here are some of the things you must have 4 out of the 11 of these things to have Lupus.

    1. Malar Rash = I have this
    2.Discoid Rash= I don’t have this
    3.Photosensitivity= I have this and am pale as a ghost because of how the sun reacts with my skin.
    4.Oral Ulcers= I don’t have this but have had them in the recent past.
    5. Arthritis= In my hip I have arthritis, I also have Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue syndrome.
    6. Serositis, Pleuritis history, rub, effusion I have pleuritis, and pleural effusion.
    7.Renal Disorder= I don’t have it, only high bp and high hormone “Renin”. I dont thin kthat qualifies as renal disorder but who knows?
    8.Neurological disorder – I dont have this
    9.Blood disorders- I have Leukocytosis and Immune thrombocytopenic purpura which is called ITP. (thrombocytopenia)
    10. Immune disorder, false positive syphilis test etc = I dont have this.
    11. Positive ANA test= I dont have this, but my sister has this and connective tissue problems.

    So really how many do I have out of there….You need 4 to have lupus according to this diagnostic criteria…….and it is the one doctors use…..

    Do you think Lupus could be causing my lung problems? The inflammation, the pleural effusions……I have the lupus face rash sadly…it’s quite ugly…… 🙁
    I can’t even go into the sun because it makes my condition so much worse. It gives me a flare up…..

    I believe I have lupus but now the hard part is getting a doctor on board…….

    It would only make sense. I’ve been sick for 5 years, starting with Malar Rash and blood disorders as well as extreme fatigue, photosensitivity, and all the rest.

    Just recently I got this pleurisy and pleuritis and pleural effusion, lung inflammation…..

    It fits with lupus………I don’t want to have lupus but it’s betteer than not having a diagnoses. I have been passed around from doctor to doctor with no major diagnoses that ties all my symptoms together…….The closest I got was Fibromyalgia but really that doesn’t cause lungs to be inflamed and pleurisy and pleural effusions filled with blood!………

    SO what the hell do i have? 🙁

    Will i ever find out……..
    This pain and lack of capacity to breathe properly is the most distresssing thign I have felt. The only way to calm it somehow, is with lots of prescription drugs….

    A cocktail of Celebrex, Dilaudid , Methadone and Ativan, somewhat calm me downand make me feel less panicky about not being able to breath properly……

    It’s frightening to not have the capacity of breath you once had………Ican’t explain it….well I can….”Take a small breath” and then imagine you can only do that, and can’t take any larger breaths….then imagine stabbing/burning/bruising pain when you inhale the tiny amount that you can inhale…..It’s like something is stopping me from being able to take a big breath of air. It’s scary…

    What can I do about this……..Do I have lupus?

    1. Cia

      Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when your body’s immune system attacks your own tissues and organs. Inflammation caused by lupus can affect many different body systems, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs.

      Lupus occurs more frequently in women than it does in men, though it isn’t clear why. Four types of lupus exist — systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, drug-induced lupus erythematosus and neonatal lupus. Of these, systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common and serious form of lupus.

      The outlook for people with lupus was once grim, but diagnosis and treatment of lupus has improved considerably. With treatment, most people with lupus can lead active lives.

      Lupus is an autoimmune disease, which means that instead of just attacking foreign substances, such as bacteria and viruses, your immune system also turns against healthy tissue. This leads to inflammation and damage to various parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels and brain.

      Doctors don’t know what causes autoimmune diseases, such as lupus. It’s likely that lupus results from a combination of your genetics and your environment. Doctors believe that you may inherit a predisposition to lupus, but not lupus itself. Instead, people with an inherited predisposition for lupus may only develop the disease when they come into contact with something in the environment that can trigger lupus, such as a medication or a virus.

      Types of lupus
      Four types of lupus exist. Though similar, each type of lupus has a different prognosis and treatment.

      Systemic lupus erythematosus can affect nearly any part of your body. Body systems most commonly involved include the skin, joints, lungs, kidneys and blood. When people talk about lupus, they’re usually referring to systemic lupus erythematosus.
      Discoid lupus erythematosus affects only the skin. People with discoid lupus, also called cutaneous lupus, experience a circular rash on the face, neck and scalp. A small number of people with discoid lupus may develop systemic lupus erythematosus, though it isn’t possible to predict who will develop the more serious form of lupus.
      Drug-induced lupus erythematosus occurs after you take certain prescription medications. Not everyone who takes these medications develops lupus. Drug-induced lupus affects a wide variety of body systems. Signs and symptoms usually go away when you stop taking the medication that caused your lupus.
      Neonatal lupus is a rare form of lupus that affects newborn babies. A mother with certain antibodies that are linked to autoimmune diseases can pass them to the developing fetus — even if the mother has no signs or symptoms of an autoimmune disease. The antibodies can cause neonatal lupus. A baby with neonatal lupus may experience a rash in the weeks following birth. Neonatal lupus may last about six months before disappearing.

      No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Signs and symptoms may come on suddenly or develop slowly, may be mild or severe, and may be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus experience episodes — called “flares” — of worsening signs and symptoms that eventually improve or even disappear completely for a time.

      The signs and symptoms of lupus that you experience will depend on which body systems are affected by the disease. But, in general, lupus signs and symptoms may include:

      Weight loss or gain
      Joint pain, stiffness and swelling
      Butterfly-shaped rash (malar rash) on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose
      Skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure
      Mouth sores
      Hair loss (alopecia)
      Fingers and toes that turn white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful periods (Raynaud’s phenomenon)
      Shortness of breath
      Chest pain
      Dry eyes
      Easy bruising
      Memory loss

      Diagnosing lupus is difficult because signs and symptoms vary considerably from person to person. Signs and symptoms of lupus may change over time and overlap with those of many other disorders. For these reasons, doctors may not initially consider lupus until the signs and symptoms become more obvious. Even then, lupus can be challenging to diagnose because nearly all people with lupus experience fluctuations in disease activity. At times the disease may become severe and at other times subside completely.

      American College of Rheumatology criteria for a lupus diagnosis
      The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) has developed clinical and laboratory criteria to help physicians diagnose and classify lupus. If you have four of the 11 criteria at one time or individually over time, you probably have lupus. Your doctor may also consider the diagnosis of lupus even if you have fewer than four of these signs and symptoms. The criteria identified by the ACR include:

      Face rash, which doctors call a malar rash, that is butterfly shaped and covers the bridge of the nose and spreads across the cheeks
      Scaly rash, called a discoid rash, which appears as raised, scaly patches
      Sun-related rash, which appears after exposure to sunlight
      Mouth sores, which are usually painless
      Joint pain and swelling that occurs in two or more joints
      Swelling of the linings around the lungs or the heart
      Kidney disease
      A neurological disorder, such as seizures or psychosis
      Low blood counts, such as low red blood count, low platelet count (thrombocytopenia), or a low white cell count (leukopenia)
      Positive anti-nuclear antibody tests, which indicate that you may have an autoimmune disease
      Other positive blood tests that may indicate an autoimmune disease, such as a positive double-stranded anti-DNA test, positive anti-Sm test, positive anti-phospholipid antibody test or false-positive syphilis test
      Laboratory tests
      Your doctor may order blood and urine tests to determine your diagnosis, including:

      Complete blood count. This test measures the number of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets as well as the amount of hemoglobin, a protein in red blood cells. Results may indicate you have anemia, which commonly occurs in lupus. A low white blood cell or platelet count may occur in lupus as well.
      Erythrocyte sedimentation rate. This blood test determines the rate at which red blood cells settle to the bottom of a tube in an hour. A faster than normal rate may indicate a systemic disease, such as lupus. The sedimentation rate isn’t specific for any one disease, but it may be elevated if you have lupus, another inflammatory condition or an infection.
      Kidney and liver assessment. Blood tests can assess how well your kidneys and liver are functioning. Lupus can affect these organs.
      Urinalysis. An examination of a sample of your urine may show an increased protein level or red blood cells in the urine, which may occur if lupus has affected your kidneys.
      Antinuclear antibody (ANA) test. A positive test for the presence of these antibodies — produced by your immune system — indicates a stimulated immune system, which is common in lupus and other autoimmune diseases. A positive ANA doesn’t always mean that you have lupus, however. ANA levels can be elevated if you have an infection or if you’re taking certain medications. If you test positive for ANA, your doctor may advise more-specific antibody testing and refer you to a rheumatologist, a doctor who specializes in musculoskeletal and autoimmune disorders such as arthritis or lupus.
      Chest X-ray. An image of your chest may reveal abnormal shadows that suggest fluid or inflammation in your lungs. It may also show an enlarged heart as a result of a buildup of fluid within the pericardium (pericardial effusion).
      Electrocardiogram (ECG). This test measures the pattern of electrical impulses generated in your heart. It can help identify irregular rhythms or damage.
      Syphilis test. A false-positive result on a syphilis test can indicate anti-phospholipid antibodies in your blood, another indication of lupus. The presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies has been associated with an increased risk of blood clots, strokes and recurrent miscarriages.


  3. chloe

    PCOS & doctors putting me on clomid…anyone esle gone through it?
    I know that there are thousands out there with PCOS and i have found the whole battle of ttc and finding out i have this quite difficult.

    I am not ovulating so the doctors are going to put me on clomid, and hopefully i’ll fall pregnant.

    I don’t know anyone else who has pcos and does not ovulate but took clomid then fell pregnant..? i guess am just looking for some positiveness….?

    thank you


    1. beetlemilk

      Hiya. I was diagnosed with PCOS at the age of 19, it was 16 yrs ago. I do not ovulate, or have periods. I conceived on clomid, and metformin, and baby aspirin, and mucinex.

      To have a period I take prometrium every 60 days. I have 3 sons. The mucinex to thin the CM (cervical mucous), the 81mg ASA (aspirin) because I also have a +ACLA (anti-cardiolipid antibody) also called lupus anticoagulent, which is common for PCOS. I also have thrombocytopenia and am Rh-. The metformin 1500mg helps you ovulate along with diet and exercise. The clomid OI-ovulation induction helps mature the follicles. This needs to be followed via ultrasound because my follicles weren’t matured till day 26. I then had to take an hcg shot (ovidrel) to trigger the ovulation. Then preggers after cycle 3 with this doc, had done 9 cycles with another. Once preggers the ovary supports the pregnancy by producing progesterone, and typical for PCOS the ovary doesn’t which results in miscarriage so my progesterone levels were too low and I took suppositories that didn’t work so I took a shot in the butt every day till week 12 of progesterone. At week 12 the placenta begins producing the progesterone. The entire pregnancy I also took a shot in the belly of blood thinners (fragmin 5000units). Many times PCOS woman miscarry due to the blood clotting off the oxygen of the pregnancy or because of the lack of progesterone. I have a history of 3 miscarriages before being treated with the meds.

      My case is complicated, I am over 30, I have 3 sons in 6 years and most people do not have the severity of infertility that I have. So I’d have to say your prognosis is better than mine was and now I have 3 kids. Good Luck to you! Luckily I had a great doc. He wrote a book “Syndrome O” by Dr. Ronald Feinberg for PCOS. He is a fertility doc specializing in PCOS.

  4. swasner5

    10 month old and bluish/ purplish feet/ hands?
    I have a 10 month old. Several weeks he started to get a strange look to his hands and legs/ feet. I took him to the doctors and have had all kinds of diagnosis made. A blood test resulted in low platelet levels and then they more than doubled in less than 24 hours. A 3rd blood test revealed normal levels. That was two weeks ago. One doctor suggested 5th disease to explain the bluish veins showing up on his hands and legs. He is splotchy too — his legs and feet. I think they referred to this as blanching and mottling. Has anyone experienced anything like this with a child? I have had another medical professional say that it is poor circulation. He has also had constipation for about the same time. Any suggestions would be helpful. I do think it is his circulation, but not sure if I should be really concerned. He acts normal. The only things I read are about real young infants and poor circulation. thank you.

  5. Lucius

    Would you support Euthanasia? Do you think it is wrong? And Abortion Too…?
    I think that conscious people in a terminal condition, (chronic Lupus, Cancer, Alzheimer’s etc) should have the right to be spared the pain, but they must also have had some treatment. Also, I believe that people in comas should remain alive, until there is a prognosis that the brain damage is too severe.
    As for Abortion, I believe that an abortion must take place no later than the second trimester, and both parents must consent (because too many women get forced into it, and I believe that a woman should never be coerced into an important belief), and that it should be legal for rape, incest, Severe e deformities, and possibility of death to the mother.
    What about you?

    1. Kiba

      I agree with euthanasia in the sense that a dying person in pain should be allowed to relieve themselves of the agony. Assisted suicide is also a matter between the dying person and the assisting loved one.

      However, if euthanasia was ever legalised, it is without a doubt that you would see older people dying more frequently because of an insurance payout, or because the family member knows of a will in their favour, or because the family doesn’t want to ‘waste their time’ taking care of the elder family member once they’ve become ‘too old to be useful’. It would be too easy to take advantage of the system for it to be legalised, unfortunately.

      Agreed on the abortion front. I think 22 to 24 weeks is the latest you should be allowed an abortion. However, I do not believe it must be consented by both parents. It would be nice, of course, if both agreed, but to say both must consent because too many women are forced makes no logical sense. If the father is forcing the mother to consent, then dual consent is still forced. Dual consent helps nothing, only makes it more difficult for women to get rid of the foetus when they don’t want it and the father does. But yes, I think there should be some actions taken into ensuring that the father is not forcing the mother (for example, perhaps psychologist involvement? But that would be difficult to get people to do…)

      Yes, it should be legal for rape, incest, severe deformities and possibility of death to the mother. I don’t agree, and I suspect you too don’t agree, that a woman should be allowed to go have unprotected sex and then run off to the abortion clinic every few weeks. (But how could this be fixed? You can’t revoke her right to have an abortion if abortions are legal… It’s just like the matter of euthanasia. If these things are legal, people will take advantage of the system.)

      Both issues are a double-sided sword.

    1. Fast boy + sexy boy + doglover

      The Gordon family consisted of Roger Gordon, Victoria Lord’s childhood sweetheart, and his two daughters, Megan and Sarah.

      Sarah Gordon (Buchanan) was the first member of the family to arrive in Llanview. She was a therapist specializing in training blind people to live without their sight. Sarah became a counselor to Clint Buchanan, who had been blinded due to a gunshot wound to the head, in late 1987. Early on, Sarah stated that her desire to help the blind was inspired by working with an older sister Anna (never seen) who was blind since birth and died tragically young. Sarah started out as Tina’s rival for Cord’s affection, but Sarah & Cord never progressed far in their relationship. She later fell in love and married Bo Buchanan. Unfortunately, Sarah became a witness to the drug-trafficking activiites of Carlo Hesser, who kidnapped her, and was thought to have killed her. Sarah turned up alive (as is typical for soaps, she re-appeared just as Bo was proceeding down the altar with another woman – Cassie Callison.) Sarah & Bo divorced, but reconciled, all during a time in which Sarah was a major suspect in the (first!) murder investigation of Carlo Hesser. Tragically, Sarah was on her way to remarry Bo when she was killed for real by a hit & run driver.

      Megan Gordon (Harrison) came to town a year after her sister. This was 1988, during the time when the soap-within-a-soap “Fraternity Row” was produced in Llanview. As an in-joke, Megan was an actress who played the gooder-than-gold heroine on “Fraternity Row”, but was in ‘real life’ a petulant, self-absorbed prima dona. Soon after settling in Llanview, her father Roger revealed a secret about her paternity that changed her life forever (see below). Despite initially locking horns with him, Megan fell in love with Max Holden. But Max could never get Gabrielle out of his life, so Megan broke up with him. Megan also shared several humorous adventures with Marco Dane (although the pair never became lovers), mostly pitting them against Megan’s nemesis Spring Skye, a rival soap diva. Megan briefly romanced the crown prince of Mendorra before meeting her true love – Jake Harrison (who was the half-brother of Max’s half-sister Andy; Max and Jake were not related). After many exciting adventures together, Megan and Jake tied the knot. But Jake’s private investigator job took him to the middle eastern country Jaba where he was imprisoned by a warlord. For months, Megan didn’t know if he was alive or dead. Making matters worse, she became gravely ill with lupus. As Megan’s prognosis worsened, Reverend Andrew Carpenter (who had fallen in love with Megan) went to Jaba to rescue Jake. Jake returned to Llanview in time for one last goodbye before Megan died. Megan’s spirit however lives on in Llanview, and she has appeared several times in the form of a guardian angel to her friends & loved ones.

      Roger Gordon, an archeologist, arrived on the scene determined to convince both his daughters to move away from Llanview with him. Just as he & Sarah were about to leave town (after having convinced Megan to follow them to California), Roger overheard news that Viki had found the long-lost daughter she had spent months searching for. Inexplicably, Roger changed his plans and refused to leave town! Roger knew that the ‘long-lost daughter’ was a fraud – because Megan was the real missing Lord heir.

      As a child, Roger Gordon’s family participated in Victor Lord’s disastrous, secret ‘Eterna’ project (in which a small underground city was created under Llantano Mountain). Against the wishes of the Eterna citizens themselves, they were sealed off from the outside world and abandoned to die. Roger’s parents managed to break their teenaged son out of imprisonment though. Once outside, Roger met and fell in love with a then-teenaged Victoria Lord. The teens married, made love, and Viki became pregnant with Roger’s child. But Victor intervened, and instigated an accident that turned Viki into her alter ego ‘Niki Smith’ for many months. ‘Niki’ ran away to New York City and carried her baby to full term. Just as she was about to give birth, Victor tracked her down and forced her to return to Llanview with him. A very young Larry Wolek (still in med school at the time) delivered the baby Megan, and ‘Niki’ reverted to Viki immediately afterward. Victor hushed up the whole incident (including hiring a hypnotist to erase Viki’s memory of the incident) and gave the baby to Roger. Roger later married Carrie Gordon, and the two passed Megan off as their own child. (Carrie was the birth mother of Sarah & Anna. She was already divorced from Roger when he arrived in Llanview. Carrie appeared only rarely.)

      In the present day (1989 at the time), Roger confessed to Viki that Megan was their daughter. Megan was initially less than thrilled to hear the news (she & Viki did not get along), but then developed a close rapport with Viki and the Buchanan family (especially Viki’s other daughter Jessica). Both Roger & Viki began to feel their old teenaged passions rekindling, even though Viki was married to Clint at the time. However, Roger eventually realized he could never have what he once had with Viki, so he left town and allowed Viki to get on with her life.

  6. Jazzie

    lymph noid? lump under my arm? I’m 18 and am a bit concerned?
    I am an 18 yeaar old female and have just found this pea sized ball under my left armpit. I have searched the interenet and it keeps coming up with Lymph Noid, should I get this lump seen to? and if I go to the doctors what will they do? The lump, ball thing dosn’t hurt but I can (sorry if this sounds gross) kinda pinch the skin and kinda like hold the ball thing, so what I mean is, is that it dosn’t feel like it is attached to anything. it is quite hard. If I go to the doctors will they touch it or what, I wear deoderant but i still get quite sweaty so I’m a little embarrased , but please tell me if this sounds like anything to be concerned of Thank you heaps

    1. Mama Bear

      What May Cause Armpit Lump?

      One of the common causes of the development of lumps under armpit is shaving or use of antiperspirants, as they can cause sebaceous cysts and infection thus, the lump. This is common in adolescents who have just started shaving.

      Bacterial infections such as streptococcal or staphylococcal, or a bacterial infection of the lymph node, (known as lymphadenitis) may cause a lump in the armpit. In women, infection of the breast tissue, could be a common cause for the same. Viral infection such as HIV/AIDS, mononucleosis, shingles, and chickenpox are some other causes. A chronic fungal infection of the skin may also cause this condition. It is known as sporotrichosis.

      Conditions like Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and leukemia are some major kinds of cancer. They may also manifest themselves in the form of a large or small lump in the underarm area. Cancerous cells from elsewhere in the body may get metastasized and travel to the lymph nodes, and form a lump in the armpit.

      Even certain vaccinations may have lumps under armpit as one of their side effects. These may include vaccinations for smallpox and typhoid. Allergic reaction caused by certain drugs and vaccinations for illnesses like measles, mumps, rubella vaccine (rare) can also trigger the onset of the condition.

      Leaving the above mentioned causes, there are also some which are benign. For instance, harmless cyst, lipomas and breast tissues extending up to the armpit area.

      Armpit lump could also be an outcome of an autoimmune disorder in the body, where the immune system starts attacking the healthy cells. Conditions such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus have also known to have caused this condition.


      The underlying cause of the condition, determines the kind of treatment. Minor causes get resolved within a period of 2 – 3 days. There are several types of test which may be undertaken for diagnosis. These tests include X-ray of the chest, tests of the liver function or kidney function, biopsies, etc. If the cause happens to be a bacterial infection, then treatment may consist of using antibiotics. A viral infection induce armpit lump will resolve on its own. And for one that has developed because of an allergic reason, will be cured with the elimination of the allergen. However, for cases which have become carcinogenic, the prognosis depends upon the type and stage of the cancer.

      To conclude, lump under armpit may be caused by harmful or severe conditions. But you may not be able to determine the nature of the cause. So, it is best and safe when you leave it to be diagnosed by a doctor. If it is a harmless condition all you have to do is to wait for it to get resolved on its own. And if the lump has resulted from a severe medical condition, then the doctor will start the required treatment as soon as possible

    1. Mia

      Below is the definition of Boops disease along with the different types. There are many causes. Also along with the causes there is a prognosis. You may be talking about the medication related Boops. This article may help you with your question. The article cuts off due to thre not being enough room, so please go to the website.
      Good luck.

      BOOP is Bronchiolitis Olibterans Organizing Pneumonia. BOOP is inflammation in the lungs.
      Bronchiolitis is inflammation of the very small airways called the bronchioles, less than one millimeter in diameter. There are over 200,000 of these airways.
      Obliterans means that the inflammation in these small airways completely fills the bronchioles and obliterates the opening of the airway with inflammation.
      Organizing is a term used to describe the pattern of the inflammation cells.
      Pneumonia means that the lung is filled with inflammation, where the blood takes up oxygen. The rounded structures where this occurs are called alveoli. There are millions of them. If unfolded, they create an area the size of a tennis court.
      Dr. Epler first reported BOOP in 1985. Dr. Epler reported about 50 individuals who developed a flu-like illness, “crackles” in the lungs, and lung function tests that showed a decreased lung capacity and a decreased diffusion of oxygen into the blood. The chest x-ray showed “patchy shadows” in both lungs.
      Dr. Epler named this illness bronchiolitis obliterans organizing pneumonia (BOOP) because this is the pattern seen by the pathologists – doctors who examine lung tissue material. Some colleagues refer to it as Epler’s pneumonia.
      Most of the time, about 80% of the time, the cause of BOOP is not known and referred to as idiopathic BOOP.
      BOOP may be caused by an infection such as a virus or unusual bacteria can cause BOOP. There has been a report of BOOP caused by the malaria parasite.
      BOOP may be caused by medications. These include some anti-cancer medications, a heart arrhythmia medication, antibiotics and the illicit use of cocaine.
      BOOP can be associated with the rheumatological disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus erythematosus.
      BOOP has been reported to occur in recipients of organ transplantation that include lung, bone marrow, kidney and liver transplants.
      There are miscellaneous causes or associated disorders. Almost every month, there are new reports. For example, BOOP occurs after radiation therapy for breast cancer. BOOP is associated with lymphoma or other cancers. BOOP has occurred in textile workers exposed to an unusual type of textile dye. Remarkably, a high dose of L-Tryptophan, a popular supplement among health enthusiasts for use in sleep and pain disorders, can cause BOOP. There has been a report of BOOP from exposure to a high concentration of mold dust.
      BOOP may also be secondary to an underlying lung disease. For example, BOOP may be the inflammation associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which is also called usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). This is a progressive scarring lung disease
      Anyone, anywhere in the world can get BOOP. It occurs in both men and women equally. It usually develops between the ages of 40 years and 60 years. It can occur in children and in patients over 80 years old. BOOP may occur at any time of the year.
      Causes of BOOP
      Idiopathic BOOP. Most of the time, about 80% of the time, the cause of BOOP is not known and referred to as idiopathic BOOP. This is the most common type. Flu
      Idiopathic Rapidly Progressive or Fulminant BOOP. This is a very rare form of BOOP. The duration of illness is generally a few days. It is a very serious form of the disease with severe symptoms and respiratory failure. Unfortunately, a high percentage of patients do not survive, but prompt initiation of corticosteroid therapy may be effective.
      Focal nodular BOOP. Sometimes, the chest x-ray shows BOOP as a single rounded shadow. The BOOP has the appearance of a lung cancer. Because of this, the lesion is removed surgically. For the most part, these will not recur again. There may also be several nodules or masses. These usually also subside over time. In rare situations, these lesions represent the beginning of typical “idiopathic” BOOP. Prednisone therapy will then result in complete resolution.
      Infection-related BOOP. BOOP is not contagious. However, BOOP can be caused by an infection such as a virus or unusual bacteria. Post infection BOOP has been reported after adenovirus pneumonia, cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia, influenza pneumonia, Legionella pneumonia, Chlamydia pneumonia, and malaria. Usually, pneumonia from an infection resolves, but sometimes the pneumonia becomes “organized” into inflammation with a pattern of BOOP. Prednisone therapy is usually helpful and results in complete resolution.
      Medication-related BOOP. Several medications have been associated with BOOP. These include long-term antibiotics, an anti-irregular heart rate medication, and anti-cancer drugs. The symptoms and response to therapy are similar to “idiopathic” BOOP. Cough develops, then shortness of breath, and the chest x-ray shows patchy infiltrates. Corticosteroid therapy often results in complete resolution.

  7. hofers65

    My hubby to be can’t have kids?
    My hubby to be and I are in our early 20’s, he was diagnosed with Klinefelter Syndrome at age 22, the Dr. told him there is a low to none chance of having no kids, is this true? Is there any way I can get pregnant still and if so, will I pass this syndrome on to my child, will they have anything else wrong with them? I already have a 5 1/2 year old of my own, but the two of us would love to have a child of our own, we have been having unprotected sex for a year now and I have been off the pill for 2 years……..

    1. **KELLEY**

      Klinefelter syndrome is a condition that occurs in men as a result of an extra X chromosome. The most common symptom is infertility.

      Causes, incidence, and risk factors Return to top

      Humans have 46 chromosomes, which contain all of a person’s genes and DNA. Two of these chromosomes, the sex chromosomes, determine a person’s gender. Both of the sex chromosomes in females are called X chromosomes. (This is written as XX.) Males have an X and a Y chromosome (written as XY). The two sex chromosomes help a person develop fertility and the sexual characteristics of their gender.

      Klinefelter syndrome results in males who have at least one extra X chromosome. Usually, this occurs as a result of one extra X (written as XXY).

      Klinefelter syndrome is found in about 1 out of every 500-1,000 newborn males. Women who have pregnancies after age 35 are slightly more likely to have a boy with this syndrome than younger women.

      Signs and tests Return to top

      The patient may have the following signs:

      * Small, firm testicles
      * Small penis
      * Sparse pubic, armpit, and facial hair
      * Sexual problems
      * Enlarged breasts (called gynecomastia)
      * Tall stature
      * Abnormal body proportions (long legs, short trunk)

      Adults may come to the doctor because of infertility. School-age children may be brought in to evaluate learning disabilities.

      The following test results may be found:

      * Karyotyping — shows 47 XXY
      * Semen count — low
      * Serum testosterone — low
      * Serum luteinizing hormone — high
      * Serum follicle stimulating hormone — high
      * Serum estradiol levels (a type of estrogen) — high

      Treatment Return to top

      Testosterone therapy can achieve the following:

      * Increase strength
      * Improve appearance of muscles
      * Grow body hair
      * Improve mood and self esteem
      * Increase energy and sex drive
      * Improve concentration

      Most patients are not able to father children. However, there are some cases of men with an extra X fathering healthy offspring, sometimes with the aide of infertility specialists.

      Support Groups Return to top

      The Klinefelter Syndrome Association can be reached at PO Box 119, Roseville, CA, 95678-0119.

      Expectations (prognosis) Return to top

      Most patients can expect a normal, productive life. Social and educational supports can help patients reach their potential.

      Complications Return to top

      The syndrome is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer, extragonadal germ cell tumor (a rare tumor), lung disease, varicose veins, and osteoporosis. There is also an increased risk for autoimmune disorder such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and Sjogren’s syndrome.

      Learning disabilities are common, despite normal or high IQ. The risks of dyslexia, attention deficient hyperactivity disorder, and depression may be higher.

      Taurodontism, which is when the teeth have enlarged pulp and surface thinning, is very common in Klinefelter syndrome. It can be diagnosed by dental x-rays.

      Calling your health care provider Return to top

      Call for an appointment with your health care provider if a boy fails to develop secondary sexual characteristics at puberty

      A genetics counselor can help evaluate or explain abnormal chromosome findings. The patient may also wish to consult with an endocrinologist and infertility specialist.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *