Arthritis is a joint disorder featuring inflammation. A joint is an area of the body where two bones meet. A joint functions to allow movement of the body parts it connects. Arthritis literally means inflammation of one or more joints. Arthritis is frequently accompanied by joint pain. Joint pain is referred to as arthralgia.

Arthritis is classified as one of the rheumatic diseases. These are conditions that are different individual illnesses, with differing features, treatments, complications, and prognosis. They are similar in that they have a tendency to affect the joints, muscles, ligaments, cartilage, and tendons, and many have the potential to affect internal body areas as well. There are many forms of arthritis (over 100 have been described so far, and the number is growing). The forms range from those related to wear and tear of cartilage (such as osteoarthritis) to those associated with inflammation as a result of an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis). Together, the many forms of arthritis make up the most common chronic illness in the United States.

Arthritis sufferers include men and women, children and adults. Approximately 350 million people worldwide have arthritis. Over 40 million people in the United States are affected by arthritis, including over a quarter million children! More than half of those with arthritis are under 65 years of age. Nearly 60% of Americans with arthritis are women.

Arthritis Causes

The causes of arthritis depend on the form of arthritis. Causes include injury (leading to degenerative arthritis), abnormal metabolism (such as gout and pseudogout), inheritance (such as in osteoarthritis), infections (such as in the arthritis of Lyme disease), and an overactive immune system (such as rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus erythematosus). Treatment programs, when possible, are often directed toward the precise cause of the arthritis. More than 21 million Americans have osteoarthritis. Approximately 2.1 million Americans suffer from rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms of arthritis include pain and limited function of joints. Inflammation of the joints from arthritis is characterized by joint stiffness, swelling, redness, and warmth. Tenderness of the inflamed joint can be present. Loss of range of motion and deformity can result. Certain forms of arthritis can also be associated with pain and inflammation of tendons surrounding joints.

Some forms of arthritis are more of an annoyance than a serious medical problem. However, millions of people suffer daily with pain and disability from arthritis or its complications. Moreover, many of the forms of arthritis, because they are rheumatic diseases, can cause symptoms affecting various organs of the body that do not directly involve the joints. Therefore, symptoms in some patients with certain forms of arthritis can also include fever, gland swelling, weight loss, fatigue, feeling unwell, and even symptoms from abnormalities of organs such as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.

Home Remedies for Arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Potato Juice:

The raw potato juice treatment is considered one of the most victorious biological treatments for rheumatic and arthritic situations. It has been used in folk medicine for over centuries. The conventional technique of preparing potato juice is to cut a medium-sized potato into thin slices, without peeling the skin, and put the slices overnight in a big glass filled with cold water. The water should be drunk in the sunrise on an empty stomach.. A medium-sized potato must be diluted with a cup of water and drunk first thing in the morning. One of the good and well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Other Raw Juices:

One cup of green juice, extracted from any green leafy vegetable, diverse in equal size with carrot, celery, and red beet juices is superior for arthritis. The alkaline action of raw juices dissolves the gathering of deposits around the joints and in extra tissues. A cup of fresh pineapple juice is also precious, as the enzyme bromelain in fresh pineapple juice reduces swelling and inflammation in osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis treatment via Sesame Seeds

A teaspoon of black sesame seeds, drenched in a quarter cup of water and kept overnight, has been found to be efficient in preventing frequent joint pains. The water in which the seeds are soaked must also be taken along with the seeds first thing in the morning. One of the best home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Copper:

Drinking water kept overnight in a copper container accumulates traces of copper, which is said to build up the muscular system. A copper ring or bracelet is worn for the same cause.

Arthritis treatment with Calcium

Studies have exposed that calcium can help arthritis. Several patients have discovered that joint pains have either been reassured or have disappeared entirely after taking calcium. This mineral must be taken in the form of calcium lactate. Two teaspoons of calcium lactate, each teaspoon providing 400 mg of absorbable calcium, may be taken three times each day in water, before meals for at least four months.

Arthritis treatment via Garlic:

Garlic is an additional successful remedy for arthritis. It contains an anti-inflammatory property, which accounts for its efficiency in the treatment of this disease. Garlic may be taken raw or cooked according to person preference. One of the effective home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Bananas:

Bananas, being a rich source of vitamin B6, have proved helpful in the treatment of arthritis. A diet of merely bananas for three or four days is advised in treating this situation. The patient may eat eight or nine bananas daily throughout this period and nothing else.

Find powerful herbal remedies Rheumatic Arthritis

Arthritis treatment with Lime

Lime has also been found useful as a home remedy for arthritis. The citric acid found in lime is a solvent of uric acid, which is the chief cause of some types of arthritis. The juice of one lime, diluted with water, may be taken once a day, if possible first thing in the morning.

Arthritis treatment with Alfalfa:

A tea made from the herb alfalfa, particularly from its seeds, has shown useful results in the treatment of arthritis. One teaspoon of alfalfa seeds might be added to one cup of water. Three to four cups of this tea must be taken daily by arthritics for at least two weeks. One of the safe home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment by means of Green Gram Soup

Another home remedy found helpful in relieving pains in the joints is the use of green gram soup. This soup must be prepared by mixing a tablespoon of green gram in a cup of water, with two crushed garlic cloves. It must be taken two times a day

Arthritis treatment via Castor Oil:

Treatment with castor oil has been found helpful in arthritis. The process, as prescribed by a Spanish doctor, is to boil two tablespoons of castor oil over a stove burner. The oil must then be poured into a glass of fresh orange juice and taken before breakfast each day till the disease is cured. It was advised to patients to take it for three weeks, stay for another three weeks and then do it again for another three weeks. It is, though, essential that the patient must take an alkaline diet while adopting this form of treatment otherwise the value of the treatment will be gone. One of the well liked home remedies for arthritis

Arthritis treatment via Coconut or Mustard Oil

Warm coconut oil or mustard oil, mixed with two or three pieces of camphor must be massaged on rigid and aching joints. It will amplify blood supply, and decrease inflammation and stiffness with the calm warmth produced while massaging.

About the author:


prognosis lupus disease

18 thoughts on “Prognosis Lupus Disease

  1. nicnac

    How do you cure vasculitis?
    Someone close to me has vasculitis and i am wondering how serious it is and i would also just like to hear more about it if any of you could explain it to me.

  2. &&&&

    Can you die from Lupus disease?
    apparently, someone close to me, who is 14, has been diagnosed with Lupus disease. We’re going to go to a few other doctors to get some more opinions. Not for sure yet.

    But on average how long does this disease let you live? 5? 10? 15? 20 years?

  3. Jennifer P

    What is a marrow packing disorder?
    Hello, trying to make a long story short, last year I had an mri of my brain for various problems I’ve been having. My doctor was going through my chart throwing away what he didn’t need and keeping the rest. He had to leave the room where I saw one of the papers he left on the table said that I should be checked for a marrow packing disorder. He never mentioned it to me and I have never told him that I saw it. I haven’t been able to find anything on marrow packing disorders. Anything would be appreicated.

    1. Frugalmom

      Marrow packing disorder (Osteonecrosis). Here is some much needed information Jennifer. I hope it helps.

      Osteonecrosis bespeaks bone death. Synonyms include aseptic necrosis, bone necrosis, avascular necrosis, bone infarction and ischemic necrosis. By convention, the terms “aseptic” or “avascular” necrosis have been applied to areas of juxtaarticular involvement and the term bone infarct is usually applied to metaphyseal or diaphyseal involvement. However, this terminology is not applied consistently throughout the literature, and I feel that these are largely artificial distinctions. I prefer to simply use the single term ‘osteonecrosis’ and to apply it to areas of bone infarction, no matter where in the bone they occur.

      Mechanisms of Osteonecrosis

      There are many paths to satori, and likewise to osteonecrosis. Osteonecrosis is multifactorial in etiology, and has a widely differing prognosis, depending upon the exact part of the bone involved by the necrosis. The exact mechanism of osteonecrosis depends primarily on the predisposing cause. This is reflected in the table below.

      Mnemonic = VINDICATE
      Differential Diagnosis of Osteonecrosis

      Category of Disease Disorder Mechanism
      Vascular sickle cell disease and other hemoglobinopathies, polycythemia
      vera and other lymphoproliferative disorders sludging of cells in vessels
      pregnancy impaired venous drainage caused by the gravid uterus
      Infection septic emboli causing arterial occlusion
      Drugs / Toxins steroid use fat cell enlargement causing medullary hypertension and intraosseous
      venous occlusion
      alcoholism fatty emboli causing arterial occlusion
      Inflammatory pancreatitis fatty emboli causing arterial occlusion
      Congenital Gaucher’s disease marrow packing by Gaucher cells causing medullary hypertension
      and intraosseous venous occlusion
      Autoimmune Systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis vasculitis causing arterial occlusion
      Trauma fracture / dislocation interruption of arterial supply to bone (e.g. scaphoid fracture, hip
      dislocation, talar neck fracture)
      radiation direct injury to vascular supply leading to occlusion
      dysbarism (caisson disease) nitrogen emboli causing arterial occlusion / accumulation of nitrogen
      bubbles in marrow fat
      thermal trauma (burns, frostbite) direct tissue damage
      Endocrine / Metabolic Cushing’s disease fat cell enlargement causing medullary hypertension and intraosseous
      venous occlusion

      It seems logical that the sequence of events in developing osteonecrosis should be as follows:

      some phenomenon causing decreased blood flow to bone

      bone ischemia, if the flow becomes low enough

      bone infarction, if the flow becomes lower still
      Osteonecrosis is generally thought of being an irreversible process. If the necrosis occurs next to a joint surface, it is generally considered to cause joint deformity. However, no one really knows if this is true, and such conclusions are to some extent artifacts of our current diagnostic methods for osteonecrosis. With the advent of MRI, we finally have a tool which can show abnormalities within about 2 weeks of the original insult. However, current standard MR scanning cannot yet show abnormalities at the instant of infarction. What is needed to answer this question is a diagnostic technique that is sensitive to vascular flow, and not just intensity changes in the bone marrow. Dynamic MR scanning following a gadolinium bolus may be helpful in this regard, but definitive studies have not yet been done to prove this speculation.

      There is some evidence in the literature that suggests that in some circumstances, osteonecrosis may be a reversible process that can resolve completely without subchondral collapse and subsequent joint arthrosis. This evidence is found in the literature for transient osteoporosis of the hip, an idiopathic disorder characterized by a reversible osteopenia of the hip and marked marrow edema. If this definition sounds a bit circular, well, that’s how idiopathic disorders are, isn’t it. We don’t know what causes them, so their names pretty well sum up most of what we know about them. Anyhow, several studies of TOH have been published in which the characteristic edematous marrow of TOH was biopsied. These biopsies have shown the presence of osteonecrosis in many cases, leading to the suggestion that TOH may actually be due to a low-grade and reversible osteonecrosis.

      Concave / convex joint physiology

      It turns out that, in part, the shape of joints governs the distribution of osteonecrosis. In particular, it is the convex versus concave shape of the opposing joint surfaces of most joints that determines this distribution (Simkin).

      On both sides of the joint, the forces of weight-bearing and other loading are directed tangential to the joint surface. On the convex side of the joint, these forces converge to a common center. On the concave side, these forces diverge away from each other. To see the significance of this fact, one must first consider the phenomenon of hydraulic resistance. The human body, including the bones are composed of about 50 – 67% water by mass. One can think of the bones as calcium balloons filled with water. Water is not compressible, so this internal water provides some support to the bones, and this supporting force is called hydraulic resistance. Nature is thrifty, and the presence of hydraulic resistance makes it possible to provide the same support with less bone. Since the loading forces converge to a common center on the convex side of the joint, hydraulic resistance becomes a fairly efficient mechanism for resisting these forces. On the concave side of the joint, the divergent nature of the forces makes this mechanism much less efficient, and therefore, hydraulic resistance plays a much smaller role in bone support. The two sides of the bone are obviously supporting the same load, so more bone is therefore necessary on the concave side. This is seen in the form of increased thickness of the subchondral bone along the concave side of the joint in virtually every concave/convex joint pair in the body.

      The presence of this extra bone along the subchondral portion of the concave joint surface has some important ramifications for osteonecrosis. Consider first the normal joint and how intramedullary pressure varies on both sides of the joint with loading. Since hydraulic resistance is used as an important support on the convex side of the joint, it is not surprising that the intramedullary pressure on this side of the joint will vary widely with loading. Due to the extra bone supporting the concave side, there is less variation of the intramedullary pressure on that side of the joint, as shown below.

      Now, given this picture of normal variations in intramedullary pressure with loading, consider how the patient developing osteonecrosis. Specifically, consider a patient on steroids, probably the most common cause of osteonecrosis. Chronic steroid use causes fat cells to grow. This is the basis for such well-known physical findings such as the “buffalo hump” or the “moon facies” seen in these patients. Many people don’t realize that the intramedullary fat cells share in this growth. As the patient spends more and more time on steroids and the intramedullary fat cells grow larger and larger, the baseline intramedullary pressure begins to rise. Why? Because the bone is a closed and fairly stiff cavity, and will not give with increases in intramedullary pressure. This is an analogous situation to the skull in cases of cerebral edema. However, in this case, the casualty is not the brain, but the intramedullary veins. The intramedullary arteries operate at systemic systolic pressure (90 – 140 mm Hg), but the intramedullary veins operate at a very low pressure (3 – 5 mm Hg). Therefore, the intramedullary pressure doesn’t have to rise very high to cause occlusion of the intramedullary veins. As the intramedullary pressure rises, this leads initially to intermittent occlusion during loading on the convex side of the joint.

      However, as the pressure continues to rise, the intramedullary veins on the convex side of the joint finally become occluded all of the time.

      See these graphs as a movie (101K)

      The mechanism outlined here helps to explain the overwhelming distribution of osteonecrosis toward the convex side of the joint. No matter how much experience you’ve had looking at osteonecrosis, most of the cases of joint involvement that you’ve seen involved the convex side, whether you noticed it or not. In my personal experience with hundreds of cases, I’ve only seen joint involvement on the concave side in two or three cases. Your mileage may vary.

      Methods of diagnosis

      Once osteonecrosis is pretty well established, just about every imaging method will reveal it. Other than MRI, most of these methods are not terribly sensitive, and the osteonecrosis will be well developed by the time that it is diagnosed, as shown in the table below.

      Imaging Method Findings Time to Diagnosis Comments
      CT reactive sclerosis
      subchondral collapse months sensitivity poor
      specificity OK
      radionuclide imaging decreased uptake early, increased uptake late weeks sensitivity good
      specificity poor
      MRI decreased signal in a segmental pattern days to weeks sensitivity excellent
      specificity good
      MRI or PET flow study decreased flow through affected bone minutes theoretically possible, but not yet proven

      Approach to Osteonecrosis

      Generally the diagnosis of osteonecrosis is not too difficult. The patient often has some known condition that places them at high risk for osteonecrosis, and the radiographic requisition states something like “R/O AVN”. In such cases, it is usually not difficult to twig to the idea that osteonecrosis belongs in the differential.

      Typical plain film findings
      The earliest radiographic appearance of osteonecrosis is zilch. That is, the radiograph looks completely normal. After weeks to a month or two, the patient may develop an ill-defined mottling of the trabecular pattern as the earliest evidence of osteonecrosis. Early on, this is so ill-defined that most radiologists will miss it, unless they have a lot of experience looking at osteonecrosis. The late findings of osteonecrosis depend upon its location within the bone. If the lesion occurs in the medullary space well away from the joint, one eventually may see the classic pattern of dense, serpiginous calcification. However, if the necrosis occurs in the subchondral bone, a different pattern usually emerges. Once the osteonecrosis has been present for months, microfractures will accumulate in the dead bone to the point that one may see developing subchondral fractures. This may lead to a discontinuity in the subchondral line, or in some cases, to the “crescent sign”, which represents a fracture between the subchondral line and adjacent necrotic bone. As living bone reacts to the presence of adjacent dead bone, a thick sclerotic zone may develop along the “no-man’s land” between the living and necrotic bone.

      Tomogram of the right hip showing a segmental zone of sclerosis (arrows) in the superior portion of the femoral head, consistent with osteonecrosis (O).

      AP radiograph of the hip in a patient with osteonecrosis. Note the lucent crescent sign (white arrow) and the discontinuity where the subchondral bone has collapsed (black arrowhead). Also note a core decompression channel drilled up through the femoral neck (black arrows).

      Typical MR findings
      The classic MR appearance of osteonecrosis is that of a segmental area of low signal intensity in the subchondral bone, bounded by a low signal intensity border. This border may sometimes appear as a dark line adjacent to a bright line — the so-called “double line sign”. Occasionally osteonecrosis will present as an area of diffuse low signal intensity, which may be difficult to differentiate from other entities, such as osteomyelitis, stress fracture, etc.

      Coronal T1-weighted image of both hips — the low signal intensity in the superior weight-bearing area of the left femoral head is typical for osteonecrosis.

      Sagittal T1-weighted surface coil image of the femoral head — this image demonstrates a classic segmental area of osteonecrosis with a dark line denoting the border between dead bone and living bone.

      Sagittal T1-weighted image of the knee — this image demonstrates multiple segmental areas of osteonecrosis in the distal femur in this patient with Gaucher’s syndrome.

      Fortunately, the plain film and MR findings of osteonecrosis are usually so typical that one does not often have to offer a differential diagnosis. However, sometimes, osteoarthritis, subchondral cysts, transient osteoporosis of the hip and other entities may mimic osteonecrosis on flain films or MR. Sometimes osteonecrosis is unsuspected, and the alert radiologist must consider it whenever unexplained sclerosis or lucency is noted adjacent to a joint, or whenever a patient presents with diffuse skeletal sclerosis.

      Besides confirming the diagnosis, another major role for the radiologist in the workup of osteonecrosis is staging the current state of the disease. The usual plain film and MR stages are listed below.

      Stage Findings
      0 asymptomatic, normal radiographs
      I normal radiographs (abnormal MRI)
      II radiolucency and sclerosis
      III crescent sign, normal contour
      IV subchondral collapse, flattening
      V degenerative joint disease

      Wise sayings about osteonecrosis

      Remember the concave/convex joint physiology and its effect on the distribution of osteonecrosis about a joint.

      In a patient with diffuse sclerosis, consider some diffuse cause of osteonecrosis, especially sickle cell disease.

  4. Alpha and Omega

    Are there any natural substitutes for Statins and Anticoagulants?
    Can a person with many allergies to these products have a natural option and what if any effect does sugar have on a person needing to be prescribed these products?

    1. Loyal Person

      i am allergic to statins as they make my lupus worse. a dr told me to use olive oil as it reduces cholesterol. he said try to get shot glass full of olive oil every day. this is hard to do when you don’t have a gall bladder. so i cook with olive oil only. i take fish oil and omega 3’s, vitamin e; these have natural anticoagulants. garlic and onion are good too. eat as much fresh fruits and veg as possible as all help with cholesterol. whole grains, oat bran, flax seed oil and crushed flax seeds; all these help too. avoid these foods; hydrogenated oils, includes margarine. margarine i believe led to my dad’s heart attach at 51. if you must do dairy, use real butter, not fake sour cream, xsharp cheddar(walmart carries brand named cabot that is lactose free). do not go on high proteirn diet as is bad for liver and raises cholestral. every morn have hot water with lemon only, cleanses liver. if you must havae salt, use sea salt only as body can assimilate easier. i use natural surgar since all the nutrients are still in it. drs tell me to keep up my supplements as it is keeping my sed rate down and that is what cause blood to clot and causes heart attack and stroke. i take other supplements needed for other diseases. as much as you can treat with supplements, the healthier you will be and live longer. as much as you can stay away from processes food, longer you will live. for me prognosis with lupus is not good, but i remind myself there is always the resurrretion. this life is only temporary and in God’s new arrangement we won’t be sick.
      (Isaiah 33:24) 24 And no resident will say: “I am sick.” . . .
      (Psalm 37:10, 11) And just a little while longer, and the wicked one will be no more; And you will certainly give attention to his place, and he will not be. 11 But the meek ones themselves will possess the earth, And they will indeed find their exquisite delight in the abundance of peace.
      (Psalm 37:29) The righteous themselves will possess the earth, And they will reside forever upon it.
      forgot to say, somehow i have also managed to avoid type 2 diabetes and think it is suppplements keeping it at bay.

  5. Lynz

    Has anyone ever died from Klinefelter’s Syndrome?
    For a school assignment I got assigned Klinefelter’s Syndrome and one of the questions is ‘What is the survival rate?”
    Well, I couldn’t find anything like that so has anyone ever even died from it? If they have, what is the survival rate?

  6. rockthemicmike

    I have a swollen lymph node, what does that mean?

    I have a head ache but no fever or any other signs of an infection. The two lymph nodes are each side of my groin and they hurt.

    1. hntraut

      Swollen lymph nodes combined with accompanying signs and symptoms are a common reason that people, particularly children, visit their doctors.
      Swollen lymph nodes

      A Lymph node is an organ consisting of many types of cells, and is a part of the lymphatic system. Lymph nodes are found all through the body, and act as filters or traps for foreign particles. They contain white blood cells. Thus they are important in the proper functioning of the immune system.

      Lymph nodes also have clinical significance. They become inflamed or enlarged in various conditions, which may range from trivial, such as a throat infection, to life-threatening such as cancers. In the latter, the condition of lymph nodes is so significant that it is used for cancer staging, which decides the treatment modalities to be employed, and for determining the prognosis.

      Lymph nodes can also be diagnosed by biopsy whenever they are inflamed. Certain diseases affect lymph nodes with characteristic consistency and location.

      Your lymphatic system comprises a network of organs, vessels, and lymph nodes situated throughout your body. Of some 600 lymph nodes, the majority are located in your head and neck region. The lymph nodes that most frequently swell are in this area, as well as in your armpits and groin area.

      You may have the following signs and symptoms, depending on the cause of your swollen lymph nodes:

      Enlargement of the affected lymph nodes to 0.4 inches (1 centimeter) or more
      Tender and painful lymph nodes
      Runny nose, sore throat, fever and other indications of an upper respiratory infection
      General swelling of lymph nodes throughout your body — which may indicate an infection, such as HIV or mononucleosis, or immune disorders, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
      Red, inflamed skin over the swollen lymph node
      Swollen limb, possibly indicating lymph system blockage caused by swelling in a lymph node too far under your skin to feel
      Hardened, fixed, rapidly growing nodes, possibly indicating a tumor (rare)
      When to see a doctor
      Some swollen lymph nodes return to normal when the underlying condition, such as a cold, resolves. However, see your doctor if you’re concerned or if your swollen lymph nodes:

      Have appeared for no apparent reason
      Continue to enlarge, or have been present for more than two weeks
      Feel hard or fixed
      Are accompanied by fever, night sweats, or unexplained weight loss
      Are accompanied by a sore throat or by difficulty swallowing or breathing
      Are red, warm and tender

      Swollen lymph nodes combined with accompanying signs and symptoms are a common reason that people, particularly children, visit their doctors.

      Your lymph nodes, also called glands, play a vital role in your body’s ability to fight off viruses, bacteria and other causes of illnesses. Most often, lymph nodes swell and become inflamed as a result of an infection. However, there are many possible causes of swollen lymph nodes.

      Treatment for inflamed, swollen lymph nodes, also known as lymphadenitis, depends on the cause. In some cases, the passage of time and the use of over-the-counter pain relievers and warm compresses may be all you need. For more serious cases, treatment of swollen lymph nodes involves treating the underlying cause.

      Your lymphatic system comprises a network of organs, vessels, and lymph nodes situated throughout your body. Of some 600 lymph nodes, the majority are located in your head and neck region. The lymph nodes that most frequently swell are in this area, as well as in your armpits and groin area.

      You may have the following signs and symptoms, depending on the cause of your swollen lymph nodes:

      Enlargement of the affected lymph nodes to 0.4 inches (1 centimeter) or more
      Tender and painful lymph nodes
      Runny nose, sore throat, fever and other indications of an upper respiratory infection
      General swelling of lymph nodes throughout your body — which may indicate an infection, such as HIV or mononucleosis, or immune disorders, such as lupus or rheumatoid arthritis
      Red, inflamed skin over the swollen lymph node
      Swollen limb, possibly indicating lymph system blockage caused by swelling in a lymph node too far under your skin to feel
      Hardened, fixed, rapidly growing nodes, possibly indicating a tumor (rare)
      When to see a doctor
      Some swollen lymph nodes return to normal when the underlying condition, such as a cold, resolves. However, see your doctor if you’re concerned or if your swollen lymph nodes:

      Have appeared for no apparent reason
      Continue to enlarge, or have been present for more than two weeks
      Feel hard or fixed
      Are accompanied by fever, night sweats, or unexplained weight loss
      Are accompanied by a sore throat or by difficulty swallowing or breathing
      Are red, warm and tender


      A lymph node is a small, round or bean-shaped cluster of cells covered by a capsule of connective tissue. The cells are a combination of lymphoc

  7. karl j

    What r canine lupus symptoms, what is prognosis. Need to add to the Vets knowledge hopefully?
    my Boston Terrier/Shiz-tsu is at vets he is unable to locate cause of flucuating fever, some drooling, lack of appetite.White blood cell count at the bottom of the scale. All other tests (kidneys, Liver) coming back normal. Was being treated to some infection in esophogus being given anti-biotics. Would like to offer vet an alternative diagnosis

    1. Pam

      Systemic Lupus Erythematosus(SLE): is one of several diseases known as “the great imitators” because its symptoms vary so widely it often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses, and because the symptoms come and go unpredictably. Diagnosis can be elusive, with patients sometimes suffering unexplained symptoms and untreated SLE for years. Common initial and chronic complaints are fever, malaise, joint pains, myalgias and fatigue.

      Discoid Lupus symptoms: normally starts as loss of pigment around the nose. There may be scabby sores or just scaling of the nasal tissue. The surface of the nose may change from its typical cobblestoned appearance to a smooth surface.

    1. drakkina

      Actually, the prognosis for porphyria is usually good if the disease is recognized early and treatment and preventive measures are started before there is severe nerve damage. The problem is that there are at least 8 known types of prophyria with a wide variety of symptoms – photosensitivity, blistering, necrosis of the skin, abdominal pain, vomiting, neuropathy, seeizures, hallucinations, depression, paranoia, caridac arrhythmias, chronic severe pain and darkened urine. In addition, symptoms related to an acute attack of porphyria are similar to those found in many other diseases, such as systemic lupus, Guillian-Barre syndrome, lead poisoning, certain psychotic disorders, etc.
      But assuming the diagnosis is made, prompt treatment of acute attacks and lifestyle changes can help in increasing periods of latency, meaning periods of time where the disease is inactive. Preventive measures would include avoidance of exposure to the sun and the taking of certain medications, such as sedatives, barbituates, birth control pills and tranqualizers. Also, one should not engage in fasting, smoking or alcohol consumption. Any infections need to be treated immediately and treatment for porphyria should be provided if surgery is needed for any reason and when there is an increase in menstrual hormones. Finally, someone with porphyria needs to avoid stress.

      The American Porphyria Foundation provides information for those with the disease and their families.

  8. bml

    I have to compare turners syndrome to lupus and i need help!?
    Here is the question i have to answer:
    Compare your disease with systemic lupus erythematosus and evaluate which disease is worse and why (think about body systems affected, treatment, and prognosis)

    1. Chrys

      well lets see…I’m 52 have lupus (rheumatoid arthritis and dry eyes, nose, mouth…) I was given a ‘death’ sentence at 29…
      I’m still here….so it’s all in your attitude and zest for life I guess.
      If you wanna die, go right ahead…but I’m gonna stay here as long as I can. -I- have things to do…(so NONE of my ‘diseases’ are gonna get me…)

  9. Jackie

    I have been wearing dentures for about 28 years and there have been no problem until now I have a disease?
    compared to lupus and my mouth breaks out now problem even when its not broken out I cant wear my lower dentures because it makes sores in my mouth so any suggestions as why or what to do would be appreciated. Thanks Jackie T

    1. Jaguaress

      Make sure to have your vitamin B12 tested to see that it’s between 350-900, which are the normal levels. In a healthy person, B12 doesn’t go down much, so keep an eye on it yearly. If you’re around 350, and especially if you’re lower, you may have pernicious anemia, which is an autoimmune disease – if not caused by a physical problem – and either way, you will have to be treated monthly for the rest of your life. Pernicious anemia is a serious disease/condition, and most doctors don’t know much about it because it’s considered rare. Folic acid anemia typically goes along with it, as does iron anemia in worse cases. Perncious anemia is completely treateable, and the sooner it’s treated, the better the prognosis for making a full recovery. Talk to your doctor and ask to be tested.

      Good luck.

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