Lupus Disease Pictures

Rashes on Neck – Types of Skin Diseases

Author: Dr John Anne

 

Whenever any sign occurs at the area of neck this is known as neck rash. The rashes on neck can be occurred with some reasons and these can be diseases or any skin problem. Some of the common problems that can cause are mentioned below.

Measles-This is a viral infection and is a very common disease in United States. Now a day this is getting less common as with the uses of vaccination. This disease is more common in adults as compare to children. This is an acute and highly contagious viral disease that is marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash. The rashes start from face and reaches to neck. This problem also causes sore throat and sometimes fever.

Lupus- This is an ulcerative kind of skin disease in which linings and different organs are affected. This may come with rashes on cheeks and pain in joints. This is an autoimmune disease, which is more common in women. It affects different parts of body.

Sunburns- The environment around us contains very harmful elements and sunrays supply some problems as sun contains harmful ultraviolet rays, which are bad for skin. The symptoms of sunburns vary from patient to patient but some of the common symptoms include fever, swelling, pain, blisters and shock.

Rosacea– This is a type of skin disease, which is caused more often in adults as compare to children. In this disease blood vessels of the face expand and that results in a flushed appearance with reddishness around the cheeks, forehead, nose or chin.

Boil- Boils are skin problems and it generally occurs due to infection on skin. This results to a painful red bump on the skin. Many a times even a cluster of such bumps is formed which is called Carbuncle.

Acne-Acne is a disorder, which results from the actions of hormones on the oil glands of the skin. The problem leads to plugged pores and outbreaks of lesions commonly called pimples or zits. Acne lesions usually occur on the face, neck, back, chest, and shoulders. Most of youngsters and teenagers complain of having acne on their face. Around 17 million United States people are caused by acne in their teenager or after.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/skin-care-articles/rashes-on-neck-types-of-skin-diseases-543819.html

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Lupus Erythematosus Symptoms

Lupus Erythematosus Treatment Tips

Author: Juliet Cohen

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE or lupus) is a chronic autoimmune disease that can be fatal, though with recent medical advances, fatalities are becoming increasingly rare. It may affect the skin, joints, kidneys, and other organs. Systemic lupus erythematosus involves chronic inflammation that can affect many parts of the body. SLE (lupus) is an autoimmune disease. This means there is a problem with the body’s normal immune system response. Normally, the immune system helps protect the body from harmful substances. Fever occurs in 90% of patients with SLE and is usually caused by the inflammatory process of the disease, not by infection. It is low-grade except during an acute lupus crisis. SLE may be mild or severe enough to cause death.

SLE often begins with a skin rash over the nose and cheeks that is shaped like a butterfly and made worse by exposure to the sun. This may be accompanied by tiredness and joint pains. SLE symptoms may develop slowly over months or years, or they may appear suddenly. Symptoms tend to be worse during winter months, perhaps because prolonged exposure to sunlight in the summer causes a gradual build-up of factors that trigger symptoms months later. SLE is one of several diseases known as the great imitator because its symptoms vary so widely it often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses. There are an estimated 50,000 people with SLE in the UK. Women are nine times more likely to be affected than men. SLE commonly starts in the teens and 20s.

About 90% of people who have lupus are young women in their late teens to 30s. Older men and women can also be affected. SLE or lupus occurs in all parts of the world but may be more common in blacks and in Asians. Treatment depends on which organs are affected and whether the lupus is mild or severe. Immunosuppressants may be used to relieve symptoms and control the disease, while physiotherapy can help to relieve joint problems. Sun exposure should be avoided and infections treated promptly. Bone marrow transplant autologous stem cell transplants are under investigation as a possible cure. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for fever, arthritis, and headache. Antimalarial drugs for pleurisy, mild kidney involvement, and inflammation of the tissue surrounding the heart

Lupus Erythematosus Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) are used.

2. Corticosteroid creams are used to treat skin rashes.

3. Sun exposure should be avoided and infections treated promptly.

4. Immunosuppressants may be used to relieve symptoms and control the disease.

5. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) is an antimalarial medication found to be particularly effective for SLE patients.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/diseases-and-conditions-articles/lupus-erythematosus-treatment-tips-297420.html

About the Author

Juliet Cohen writes articles for skin care and hair care. She also writes articles for celebrities hairstyles.


Lupus Rash

4-step Treatment of Lupus

Author: Mitamins Team

The most common symptom of lupus is the appearance of a red colored rash over the cheeks and nose. In severe cases the rash may spread to the rest of the body, and bouts of fever and joint pain could be experienced. Once the condition is diagnosed, you might think that the treatment of lupus could begin. However, lupus is an autoimmune condition where the body creates antibodies that attack its own tissues. Therefore the treatment of lupus is often targeted at relieving the symptoms rather than attacking the root of the problem. The plain fact of the matter is that in 90% of lupus cases the cause is unknown, meaning lengthy, and costly, treatments that never actually deal with the root of the problem.

Despite this, there is hope. Lupus can be treated through a 4-step program:

1. Diagnose the disease

2. Relieve the symptoms

3. Isolate the cause

4. Treat the disease

1. Diagnosis

Diagnosis can only be done by a qualified physician. Besides the main symptom of a red rash covering the cheeks and nose already mentioned, the other symptoms to look out for are:

1. Fever or headaches

2.Joint pain

3.Hair loss

4.Depression

5.Mouth ulcers

6.Chest pains

You might notice that these symptoms are not very unique, and a major problem is that the signs and symptoms of lupus often go unnoticed of misdiagnosed. Besides, not all of the above symptoms need to be present in a lupus sufferer. This is why a definite diagnosis from your doctor is needed. Then, it’s on to the next step.

2. Relieve the Symptoms

Lupus can affect any of the main organs of the body such as the lungs, in which case inflammation would occur, possibly leading to pneumonia. Due to this, the treatment of lupus often starts with the treatment of the symptoms rather than the disease itself. For example, if the kidneys are affected then the only symptoms could be swollen ankles and some abnormality in the blood and urine reading. The treatment of lupus would only address those particular symptoms.

The treatment of lupus, when diagnosed, often starts with corticosteroids. Doctors also advise a vitamin and mineral supplement along with conventional medication. Calcium, folic acid and vitamin D, all help strengthen bones and skin. These remedies can ease the pain and discomfort of the disease so that the third step can begin.

3. Isolate the Cause

It is thought that in many cases lupus is caused by an allergic reaction. Finding an allergy can be like finding a needle in a haystack but with the symptoms already under control using the remedies in step 2, the process becomes much less daunting.

Allergy tests are available, and these can be obtained by your doctor. Alternatively, cutting out different foods (dairy, wheat etc.) for short periods of time could reveal the possible cause. It is important to supplement your diet with an essential vitamins and minerals if you want to cut out certain food-groups from your diet.

Once the cause is found, the key to preventing flare-ups is found and treatment can begin.

4. Treatment of Lupus

The treatment of lupus of course will depend upon the cause found in step 3. For many people, the lupus rash is aggravated by strong sunlight. In this case, patients are generally asked to look out for flare-ups and at the first sign start using a stronger sunscreen.

Stress or anxiety attacks are also known to induce flare-ups, so the treatment of lupus can include relaxation techniques. Reduced stress levels are themselves an effective treatment for flare-ups and skin rashes.

The Lupus Foundation of America spends a lot of time researching the treatment of lupus, its causes, and prevention. It funds research for the development of experimental prototypes and new approaches. Even junior investigators are given grants for 2 years in order to help find a cure or natural remedy. At the moment, general scientific knowledge of the autoimmune system is not very strong, and so the treatment of lupus is still mainly restricted to addressing the symptoms only.

Take Control

Lupus should not be just some condition that lies underneath, waiting to break out into embarrassing rashes at any moment. The root of the disease can be found and effectively treated.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/4step-treatment-of-lupus-114890.html

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Mitamins team

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Targeted: Lupus; Safety: Avoid Vitamins Overdose, Supplement Drug Interactions; Quality: Freshly Made with Brand Ingredients.

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Lupus Disease Symptoms

Lupus Disease: A Devastating Diagnosis, And Many Choices

By Lac Tran

Being told your skin rashes are lupus disease is one of the most devastating diagnosis a person can receive, as there is no known cure. But there are many treatments that give relief from lupus symptoms and research is promising a better future:

Lupus Disease: Real Disease, Real Consequences

The reality is that lupus disease is sometimes fatal. Lupus symptoms can also diminish quality of life considerably, with many suffering debilitating pain and fatigue. If lupus symptoms become severe, patients are unable to work and function normally, and may experience financial hardships, strain on marriages, and many other difficult life changes. Lupus should not merely be a cross to bear, it should be (and is) something that can be controlled and beaten.

Know Lupus: Signs and Symptoms

Lupus disease is a chronic autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks normal tissue. This results in inflammation and other lupus symptoms such as:

1.- Swollen, painful, “hot” joints

2.- Extreme fatigue that lasts more than a few days

3.- Skin rashes, especially a butterfly-shaped rash across the cheeks and nose, and skin sores or lesions

4.- Mouth or nose ulcers that lasts more than two weeks

5.- Fever over 100 degrees that lasts more than a few days

6.- Chest pain upon deep inhalation

7.- Anemia symptoms

8.- Sensitivity to sun or ultraviolet light

9.- Hair loss

10.- Fingers turning white in the cold

11.- Seizures

Lupus symptoms vary a lot, depending on many factors. No one experiences all of these lupus symptoms, but a combination of them. Proper diagnosis by your physician is advised.

The three most common types of lupus disease are:

-systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which can affect the blood, blood vessels, skin, kidneys, lungs, joints, heart, liver and nervous system;

-cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) which affects the skin only; and

-drug-induced lupus which is usually temporary, develops after taking certain prescription drugs, and eventually goes away when the drugs are stopped.

Spreading the Word: Lupus

Raising public awareness of lupus disease is of paramount importance. When someone in the public eye has lupus disease, it helps in educating the general public of all those valiant individuals whose struggles with lupus symptoms go unrecognized. It can also provide hope for those who suffer with lupus disease that a normal life can be led.

Leslie Hunt, a 24-year-old Chicago native, made it to the top 20 contestants of “American Idol” in 2007. She was diagnosed with lupus disease when she was 7. Her lupus symptoms are now in remission.

Lupus can strike at any age, to males or females, but normally affects women of childbearing age: nine out of ten people with lupus are women.

Lupus Treatment

Body, mind and spirit are each integral parts of an effective approach to dealing with lupus disease. A recent study showed that higher degrees of social support were associated with improvement in lupus disease, mainly before the patient has reached the final stages. Health is holistic; therefore, exploring the various modalities of holistic healing makes sense when one is diagnosed with lupus disease.

If you or a loved one have been diagnosed with lupus disease, or even if you’ve been dealing with the lupus symptoms for a long time, you need to learn as much as you can about this devastating illness. Carefully consider utilizing different healing methods, ideally being supervised by a natural health practitioner with solid experience in treating lupus disease alongside a qualified medical doctor. You can make positive, informed choices for your own healing, or help someone you know who is experiencing lupus symptoms to get informed.

About the Author: Mitamins team – vitamin support for lupus treatments lupus lupus disease

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What Are The Signs Of Lupus

What are Neurological Sequelae of Lupus?

Author: james sameul

Lupus Overview

Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus, SLE) is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system attacks various organs or cells of the body causing damage and dysfunction. Lupus is called a multisystem disease because it can affect many different tissues and organs in the body. Some patients with lupus have a very mild condition, which can be treated with simple medications, whereas others can have serious, life-threatening complications. Lupus is more common in women than men, and its peak incidence is after pubertya€”the reason for this is unknown.

What is lupus nephritis?

Lupus nephritis is an inflammation of the kidney caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a disease of the immune system. SLE typically causes harm to the skin, joints, kidneys, and brain.
The causes of SLE are unknown. Many factors may play a role, including
·    gendera€”SLE is more common in women than men
·    hereditya€”a gene passed down by a parent
·    infections
·    viruses
·    environmental causes

Systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) is the most common form of lupus. “Systemic” means it can affect several parts of the body. A subtype of SLE is drug-induced lupus. Some medications uncommonly used for high blood pressure, heart disease and tuberculosis can cause this condition.

What are Neurological Sequelae Of Lupus?

Lupus (also called systemic lupus erythematosus) is a disorder of the immune system. Normally, the immune system protects the body against invading infections and cancers. In lupus, the immune system is over-active and produces increased amounts of abnormal antibodies that attack the body’s tissues and organs. Lupus can affect many parts of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, lungs, heart, nervous system, and blood vessels. The signs and symptoms of lupus differ from person to person; the disease can range from mild to life threatening.

What is the outlook?

Some people with lupus have only minor symptoms that need no treatment. Others can have multiple symptoms that are severe.
The course of the disease is different for each person. In some it will disappear completely, for others the condition waxes and wanes or gets progressively worse.

Lupus can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms and disease pattern varies so much from person to person.
However, there are blood tests available to help spot the condition.

What causes Lupus?

Despite many years of research, the cause of lupus is still not known. Scientists believe there are several things that may trigger the formation of the antibodies, including genetic, hormonal and environmental factors. Some of the possible triggers include:

– Hormones (females between the age of 15 and 45 are most commonly affected)
– Certain medications
– Dietary factors
– Viruses and bacteria
– Stress
– Genetics
– Pregnancy
– Exposure to UV light

Signs and symptoms

No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Signs and symptoms may come on suddenly or develop slowly, may be mild or severe, and may be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus experience episodes a€” called “flares” a€” of worsening signs and symptoms that eventually improve or even disappear completely for a time.
The signs and symptoms of lupus that you experience will depend on which body systems are affected by the disease.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/diseases-and-conditions-articles/what-are-neurological-sequelae-of-lupus-430594.html

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What Is Lupus Symptoms

What you Should Know About Muscle and Joint Pain in Lupus

Author: Groshan Fabiola

Studies revealed that 90% of people with lupus experience joint and/or muscle pain at some time during this illness.Very often, the aching pain in joints and muscles can determine the patient believe he has a viral or flu-like illness, while other patients may have symptoms similar with those produced by arthritis. There exist also another category of patients with intense muscle inflammation, and they can also experience progressive weakness and loss of strength.

It must be said that muscle and joint pains are symptoms of lupus but usually it’s not the systemic lupus erythematosus responsible for them. They are more frequently caused by other illnesses.

Usually, the joint pain caused by lupus arthritis comes, may last for days or weeks, and then disappear, returning at a later time. It is known that the joints farthest from the trunk of the body are most frequently affected. Characteristic to lupus is stiffness and pain in the morning which improves during the day and can return later in the day when the person is tired, and also the fact that the pain is usually symmetrical, similar joints on both sides of the body are affected. It is good to know that even if a person has been diagnosed with lupus, there can appear pains that have nothing to do with this disease. For example, backaches or neck pains, a single, chronically painful are not provoked by lupus.A fact that also should be remembered is that usually, lupus arthritis doesn’t cause deformities or destruction of the joints.Best clues in order to determine if the pain is caused by the systemic lupus erythematosus is the pattern of joint pain and the setting in which it occurs.There can be made X-ras of the painful joints and an examination of the synovial fluid within a swollen joint, to rule out other possible causes for the joint. It is known that if arthritis is the only symptom of lupus, diagnosis can be extremely difficult.It is good to mention that sometimes, performing the anti-nuclear antibody test and the test for rheumatoid factor can be helpful.

For treating lupus arthritis, there are usually used non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin. Usually, these medications have effect, but if this therapy is not effective, there can be added antimalarial drugs such as hydroxychloroquine.In rare cases, if the joints remain swollen and painful despite other treatment, there begins the treatment with corticosteroids.It is important that people learn joint protection procedures in order to rest the joints during flares of lupus arthritis, and another fact that must be known is that cytotoxic medications should not be used to treat only lupus arthritis.

It is known that the systemic lupus erythematosus can seriously damage the muscles, and as a result, there can appear muscle weakness and loss of strength. Inflamed muscles can be painful and tender to the touch, but the most common symptom that lupus myositis shows is muscle weakness. Usually, the muscles at he trunk of the body are affected , such as neck, pelvic girdle and thighs, shoulder girdle and upper arms.

There are some tests that can determine the severity of muscle involvement. These tests measure the level of some chemical enzymes in the blood. Normally, that enzymes are being concentrated within muscle fibers. They escape into the blood circulation when the muscle fibers are being damaged by inflammation.There can also be made an electromyogram to determine the character of muscle damage in lupus myositis, and also biopsy may be performed in order to confirm the presence of inflammation and to identify how severe it is.

As a treatment, corticosteroids are used initially in high doses, to keep the inflammation under control, and then, after it subsides, it is gradually reduced. Most of the patients responde well to this treatment, but there are rare cases when it is necessary to add cytotoxic or immunosuppressive medications.A well directed exercise program should be started after the inflammation passed, in order to regain normal muscle strength and function.

It may happen when the patient is prescribed high doses of corticosteroids with or without cytotoxic agents to appear bone damage and muscle weakness. These complications in rare cases appear due to the effects of the medications alone, they usually come because of a combination of factors.It was found that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus which took steroids for a long time can develop ischemic necrosis of bone. Altered blood flow to a portion of bone causes the death of that area, and as the bone repairs the area, a weakening of the bone occurs and a portion of the bone surface may collapse. Most affected are the hips, shoulders and knees.The first symptom of ischemic necrosis is pain when the joints are being moved or bearing weight, and the pain can be felt even when the person is resting, at night, when the condition progresses.Osteoporosis can also appear if a patient uses corticosteroids for a long time. Having osteoporosis means that the bone mass is decreased and a higher risk of bone fracture and compression of vertebrae in the spine appears. It is known that women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis and using calcium and vitamin D in addition to regular exercise may help prevent osteoporosis.

It is important to remember that people with lupus myositis should take a regular, well-designed exercise program in order to prevent muscle weakness.

For more resources about lupus rash please review this http://www.lupus-guide.com/ or even http://www.lupus-guide.com/symptoms-of-lupus.htm

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/what-you-should-know-about-muscle-and-joint-pain-in-lupus-109790.html

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For more resources about lupus rash please review this http://www.lupus-guide.com/ or even http://www.lupus-guide.com/symptoms-of-lupus.htm


Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

A Look At Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

By Tobias Higgens

This form of lupus mostly affects women from 18 to 50 years. The cases of men suffering from discoid lupus erythematosus are very rare. The racial factor seems to be decisive: the majority of patients are black American women and the symptoms are much more severe in their case. We cannot be certain about the real causes of this disease but there are several risk factors like the hormonal factors (such as estrogen excess), genetic factors and environmental factors (antibiotic long term treatment). The genetic factors have a particularly increased influence on the apparition of discoid lupus erythematosus compared to the other lupus forms.

Discoid lupus erythematosus appears under the form of large size lesions with circular aspect. Like all types of lupus, it also has an auto immune character: the immune system doesn’t protect the body from the viruses or bacteria but attacks its healthy tissues, which causes skin lesions. Long term solar exposure significantly worsens discoid lupus. The neck, face, arms and scalp are the most affected areas in which the lesions appear. But it is not compulsory for them to be the only parts: lesions may also appear on the back, legs or chest, which suggests the evolution into systemic lupus erythematosus.

Systemic lupus erythematosus

Early Signs Of Lupus

Early Symptoms of Arthritis, 100 Different Diseases

Author: Steve A Madigan

The Meaning of Arthritis

Joint inflammation is what arthritis means. Arthritis encompasses a wide variety of diseases and is not a single disease.

There are more than 100 rheumatic diseases and other conditions, that can cause pain, stiffness in the body and also swelling of the joints.

When one of these conditions damages the joints of the body this is when it is referred to as arthritis. Arthritis effect and disables our seniors and people 65 and older. There are many different forms of arthritis and they each have there own cause.

What do they have in common, 100 different diseases

We have a hundred different forms of arthritis, so what is common with all of them? The answer to this question is without a doubt pain. The arthritis pain will be different among all of the individuals suffering from arthritis, and the location of the pain will also be different.

Some symptoms of arthritis to warn you of possible problems

Swelling of your joints and stiffness are some of the signs and symptoms that you may be suffering from arthritis.

Are you feeling stiffness and swelling in one or more of your joints and have you been feeling this for a couple weeks or more? If you answered yes to the above then you need to visit your physician and have these warning signs diagnosed and treated.

Listing all the different types of arthritis would become quite extensive and I am not about to do that here. I will do another article explaining them, but for now here is a list of some of the most common types and the symptoms that are associated with each type of arthritis.

Osteoarthritis – what you will find is that the pain is worse at night or after rest. Osteo arthritis is a degenerative joint disease that results from wear and tear. Some of the symptoms of this are:

pain tenderness swelling decreased function

The onset of osteo arthritis is very subtle and gradual, usually involving one or only a few joints. Some of the joints most affected by this are:

knees hips hands spine

Rheumatoid – pain is felt in the morning. Sometimes in the elderly and children the pain may not be as pronounced, but some limbs may not want to function.

When you are suffering from Rheumatoid arthritis you are suffering from an auto immune disease. What is happening is the body is attacking itself. This can be a chronic and a disabling problem and can cause the following:

stiffness joint pain swelling loss of joint function

The cause of rheumatoid arthritis remains elusive. Doctors believe that there could be something genetic involved with this. Rheumatoid arthritis in the beginning stages can be difficult to diagnose because again this is gradual and has subtle symptoms.

There are many different types of arthritis and I am going to list some of them now. There is rheumatoid, osteoarthritis, gout and pseudogout, septic, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and many more.

The advances in medicine today have made treating the different types of arthritis many. You can use medicine prescribed by your doctor or even over the counter drugs and also arthroplasty and this is only a couple of ways to treat arthritis symptoms.

When joint pain is so severe that there may come a time when prosthetic joint replacement may become necessary. The people who have had this done are very satisfied with the results.

Arthritis has been around a long time. The first traces of arthritis dates back to 4500 B.C.

Dinosaurs have even had evidence to have had ankle osteoarthritis. The skeletal remains of Native Americans of Tennessee were noticed to have arthritis.

As time and technology advances may be in the future there will be a cure for arthritis. But only time will tell. Right now we try to treat the symptoms of pain and stiffness the best that we can.

There are other treatments besides the couple listed above and I will talk about them in another article.

Today many people struggle because of some form of arthritis, so learn of some Arthritis Prevention Tips now and you can also discover how some of the Celebrities with Rheumatoid Arthritis get by.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/early-symptoms-of-arthritis-100-different-diseases-349503.html

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Today many people struggle because of some form of arthritis, so learn of some Arthritis Prevention Tips now and you can also discover how some of the Celebrities with Rheumatoid Arthritis get by.


Lupus Symptoms And Signs

Lupus and the Symptoms of Nervous System Involvement

Author: Groshan Fabiola

Studies revealed that is possible for systemic lupus erythematosus to affect the nervous system. Patients with lupus may experience confusion, difficulty with concentrating, headaches, fatigue, strokes or other signs that show nervous system involvement.

Studies suggested that the nerve tissue may be damaged when antibodies attack nerve cells or blood vessels. It is known that the nervous system requires an uninterrupted flow of blood, that is needed to supply with oxygen and nutrients its tissues. When this flow of blood is slowed or interrupted, the nervous cells are unable to function normally, and there appear symptoms. The symptoms vary, depending where the tissue injury is situated.It is good to know that the nervous system contains three parts. The central nervous system comprises the brain and spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system nerve fibers that have the role to provide the skin and muscles the power needed for sensation and movement, and the third part is the autonomic nervous system that has the role to regulate spinal, peripheral nerves and to innervate the internal organs.

An inflammation of the blood vessels of the brain that appears to 10% of all lupus patients is called the central nervous system vasculitis.This disease usually requires hospitalization and high doses of corticosteroids. Some of the symptoms that appear are high fevers, seizures, psychosis and meningitis-like stiffness of the neck. If it is not aggressively managed, the central nervous system vasculitis rapidly progresses to stupor and coma.

People with mild to moderated systemic lupus erythematosus can experience the cognitive dysfunction. That is a group of symptoms that appear at about 50% of these patients, and we can mention here fatigue, memory impairment, feelings of confusion, and difficulty to express the thoughts. By taking a neuropsychological test or a test called the positron emission tomography, these symptoms can be clearly documented.It is known that cognitive dysfunction may come and go on its own, but no optimal therapy is available. Also, it is not known which is the reason for the symptoms that appear. Dealing with a cognitive dysfunction is frustrating, and often counseling a person in developing coping skills may be helpful.

About 20% of the patients having systemic lupus erythematosus experience the lupus headache. This manifests by severe headaches, is similar to migraine and can be often seen in persons who have also Raynaud’s phenomenon. As a treatment, it is useful the same one used in tension headaches or migraine, and sometimes corticosteroids.

It is known that about a third of the patients having lupus can have a false positive syphilis test, a positive anticardiolipin antibody, or a prolonged clotting time test.This is known under the name of the lupus anticoagulant or the antiphospholipid antibody. About 1/9 of the patients having lupus will develop blood clots in various parts of the body, which is called the antiphospholipid syndrome.If blood clots appear in the nervous system, they can cause a stroke, and symptoms of a stroke include the painless onset of neurologic deficits without any signs of active lupus.If a stroke appears, there must be taken blood-thinning medications. We can mention here low-dose aspirin, coumadin or heparin.

Among patients having systemic lupus erythematosus there is a percentage of 20% that have fibromyalgia syndrome as well. These patients experience increased pain in the soft tissues, tender points, and, in addition cognitive dysfunction, decreased ability to concentrate, lack of stamina and difficulty sleeping. As a treatment, we can mention anti-depressants, counseling, and physical therapy if needed.

It was discovered that medications used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus can develop symptoms like those of the central nervous system lupus.Psychosis can appear due to anti-malarials in very high doses; headache, dizziness, and in rare situations meningitis-like symptoms can be provoked by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Also if a patient uses corticosteroids, there can appear moods swings, psychosis, depression, agitation, confusion, if there are taken high doses can appear seizures, and anti-hypertensive medications may be associated with depression or loss of libido.

A study discovered that people that have both lupus and Sjogren’s syndrome may be predisposed to develop vasculitis or cognitive dysfunction. Sometimes, circulating proteins in the blood can lead to cryoglobulinemia or hyperviscosity syndrome.Plasmapheresis or filtering the blood can ease these complications.Sometimes, pronounced decreases in platelet counts may be associated with bleeding.People with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura or who lack Protein S or Protein C may clot, and those with lupus, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and kidney failure may bleed.

In peripheral nervous system lupus, involvement of the cranial nerves can cause visual disturbances, drooping of the eyelid(s), ringing in the ear(s), facial pain and dizziness.Symptoms of numbness or tingling in the arms or legs can appear if there is an inflammation of the blood vessels supplying the peripheral nerves. There can also appear symptoms due to other conditions than lupus and electromyogram and nerve conduction tests are usually helpful to determine if symptoms are due to some other cause. Corticosteroids are used to treat inflammation of the peripheral nerves.

It is important for your doctor to know if you experience nervous system symptoms. It is possible that these symptoms to appear due to lupus, due to a medication or a particular aspect of your life. The doctor will ask you about the symptoms you experience, he will perform a physical examination and a laboratory evaluation including a blood chemistry panel, complete blood count and urinalysis. Also, diagnostic tests like sedimentation rate, ANA, anti-DNA, anti-ribosomal P antibodies and complement may be useful in order to determine nervous system involvement.There are neurodiagnostic tests, that include CT and MRI brain scans, brain waves or electroencephalogram and spinal taps.In a few hospitals, there can also be performed PET scans.The spinal fluid may be examined for cells, protein components and antineuronal antibodies. In patients with cognitive dysfunction, neuropsychologic tests may be helpful.

The treatment for nervous system lupus depends upon its source, and can include immunosuppressants, blood thinners, antibiotics, steroids, anti-depressants, counseling or surgery. If there are evident diagnostic difficulties, a rheumatologist and/or neurologist should be involved in your care. It was seen that for many people with lupus, nervous system involvement is completely reversible.

For more resources about symptoms of lupus please review this http://www.lupus-guide.com/systemic-lupus.htm or even http://www.lupus-guide.com/lupus-rash.htm

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/health-articles/lupus-and-the-symptoms-of-nervous-system-involvement-112383.html

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For more resources about symptoms of lupus please review this http://www.lupus-guide.com/systemic-lupus.htm or even http://www.lupus-guide.com/lupus-rash.htm


Symptoms Of Lupus Disease

Lupus Symptoms

Author: ememichael

Lupus is a rare condition, but it can be a very difficult one. When you suffer from lupus, more than one of your organs may be affected. There are three lupus types that one can suffer from: systemic, discoid and lupus induced by drugs.

Lupus is a chronic inflammtory disease which affects both women and men, (especially women) and usually occurs on different parts of the body, such as skin, blood, joints. As we know, the body systems produces antibodies which have the role to fight against bacteria and viruses. In addition, lupus appears when the body system stops to work properly and produces antibodies known as auto-antibodies causing inflammation and pain.

There are four forms of Lupus: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus, Drug-Induced Lupus Erythematosus, and Neonatal Lupus. When people discuss lupus, they are usually referring to Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. However, lupus in any form is an autoimmune disease.

When dealing with an anti-inflammatory disease such as lupus, it is extremely important you use your first line of defence, the nutrients from food, to support your body’s ability to avoid flares and promote healing. Although doctors say that there is no lupus cure, it simply isn’t the case. Not only have I completely healed (and tested negative) for lupus, others have as well. The best news is that many of us healed in different ways, one of which is through a lupus diet.

Our immune system is programmed to protect our bodies from foreign invaders that will do us harm such as germs, bacteria, and viruses. As soon as the immune system senses the presence of an invader, it produces antibodies to destroy it. However, in the case of an autoimmune disease, the immune system fails to distinguish between the cells of our body and a foreign invader and attacks our body cells.

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, (SLE), the most common type of lupus, has a pronounced polyvalent character. The systemic form of lupus can affect multiple parts of the body and cause a wide variety of unspecific symptoms, ranging from mild to severe. Despite the fact that SLE commonly affects people with ages between 15 and 40, it can also affect the very young or the elderly. Systemic lupus is considered a highly problematic disease, being difficult to diagnose and often requiring ongoing combination treatments.

Lupus is a disease in which patients have good days and bad days. Some days your symptoms are worse and you feel ill; other days the symptoms are not as bad and you feel better. It is not a contagious disease in that it can be transmitted by contact however there is some evidence to indicate heredity may play a role. Lupus is extremely difficult to diagnose.

Lupus is a complex autoimmune disease that generates a wide variety of symptoms. The symptoms produced by lupus may range from mild to severe and generally occur in flares, unpredictably aggravating or ameliorating over time. Some of the common symptoms of lupus are: pronounced fatigue, pain and swelling of the joints, skin rashes and fever. At skin level, lupus often causes the occurrence of the “butterfly rash”, which appears across the nose and cheeks. Although the butterfly rash is the most common rash characteristic to lupus, the disease can cause many other different types of rashes located in various regions of the body: face and ears, scalp, neck, arms, shoulders, hands, chest and back.

The medical profession refers to lupus as “the great imitator” because its symptoms are the same as is present in many other illnesses. The symptoms are also vague and intermittent. And they vary according to the part of the body that is under attack.

In simple words Lupus is generally defined as a breakdown of the immune system in which the body just literally harms itself, destroying its own healthy cells and tissues. The immune system produces harmful antibodies that cause inflammation and tissue damage to the skin, joints, blood vessels, kidneys, lungs, heart, and brain.

Lupus is a disease that can further lead to a number of serious problems. For instance, women suffering from lupus become more prone to heart attacks, strokes, high blood pressure, diabetes, joint and muscle pains. Furthermore, lupus in women can also lead to weakening of bones and emergence of diseases like osteoporosis. So fatigue and pains are obviously most prominent problems induced in lupus patients.

The treatment of lupus greatly differs from a patient to another, lupus sufferers receiving a certain type of medications according to their experienced symptoms and the seriousness of the disease. Thus, the treatment of lupus is often personalized, comprising many different types of medications and therapies. Lupus patients (especially patients diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus) are commonly administered combination treatments, targeted at countering the occurrence and aggravation of the multitude of symptoms characteristic to this type of autoimmune disease.

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a common autoimmune chronic disease. The disease causes the immune system to attack the healthy blood cells and tissues instead of malign external infectious organisms. People with systemic lupus erythematosus suffer from many disorders associated with the abnormal activity of the immune system. Patients with severe forms of lupus can also suffer from diseases of the internal organs (heart, lungs, kidneys, liver), musculoskeletal disorders (arthritis, osteoporosis), skin disorders (lupus rash) and diseases of the nervous system. People with lupus may have different symptoms and they can experience them at various intensities.

Inflammation of the kidneys (nephritis) can impair their ability to get rid of waste products and other toxins from the body effectively. Because the kidneys are so important to overall health, lupus affecting the kidneys generally requires intensive drug treatment to prevent permanent damage. There is usually no pain associated with kidney involvement, although some patients may notice that their ankles swell. Most often the only indication of kidney disease is an abnormal urine or blood test.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/alternative-medicine-articles/lupus-symptoms-2801999.html

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