If you have questions about multiple sclerosis, read below. Answers to questions about multiple sclerosis include what the disease is, the causes, the common symptoms, who is typically affected, how a diagnosis is determined, and the treatment options.

What is multiple sclerosis?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disorder that affects central nervous system. With this disease, the body's own immune system attacks the nervous system and causes inflammation and subsequent damage to the protective covering of nerve cells, called the myelin sheath. This is why sometimes multiple sclerosis is referred to as a demyelinating disease.

What are the causes?

The exact cause of multiple sclerosis remains a mystery. However, the most common theories by researchers are a virus, genetic defect, or combination. In addition, the prevalence in certain areas indicates that the environment may play a role.

What are the common symptoms?

Symptoms can vary because the disease can affect any part of the brain and spinal cord. Therefore, MS patients can experience problems affecting the muscles, the bowel or bladder, vision, thought process, sexual organs, speech and/or swallowing. Most of these symptoms or attacks can range from difficulty functioning to uncontrolled or loss of function.

Who is affected by MS?

This disease typically affects more women than men and common diagnosis occurs between the ages of 20 and 40. However, MS has been diagnosed at various ages.

How is diagnosis determined?

Neurological exams and vision tests may help to determine nerve function damage or certain issues. However, an MS diagnosis is not usually given without an MRI, lumbar puncture (spinal tap), and/or nerve function tests.

What is the treatment?

Thankfully, much progress has been made with MS. Although there is no cure, medications can be used to achieve close-to-normal or even normal life expectancy. Women and/or people with fewer lesions (visible on MRI), with a relapsing-remitting MS diagnosis (a couple attacks followed by a period of no symptoms), and/or who experience infrequent attacks have the best prognosis.

If you are having any balance issues, uncontrolled muscle spasms, partial blindness, or any other symptoms associated with MS, call your healthcare provider. If MS is suspected, it could be to your benefit to schedule an appointment with a facility that is familiar with the disease and has a dedicated MS Center.

About the author:

Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/about-multiple-sclerosis-334709.html

multiple sclerosis symptoms test

21 thoughts on “Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms Test

    1. Kat

      Aside from the usual symptoms of MS a health care provider may suspect MS if there are decreases in the function of two different parts of the central nervous system (such as abnormal reflexes) at two different times.

      A neurological exam may show reduced nerve function in one area of the body, or spread over many parts of the body. This may include:

      Abnormal nerve reflexes

      Decreased ability to move a part of the body

      Decreased or abnormal sensation

      Other loss of nervous system functions

      An eye examination may show:

      Abnormal pupil responses

      Changes in the visual fields or eye movements

      Decreased visual acuity

      Problems with the inside parts of the eye

      Rapid eye movements triggered when the eye moves

      Tests to diagnose multiple sclerosis include:

      Lumbar puncture (spinal tap) for cerebrospinal fluid tests, including CSF oligoclonal banding

      MRI scan of the brain and MRI scan of the spine are important to help diagnose and follow MS

      Nerve function study (evoked potential test)

      I hope that this helps. Good luck to you….

  1. MC

    I need to interview a teacher of students with Severe and Multiple Disabilities?
    I need to interview a teacher of students with severe and multiple disabilities on the following topics:
    (1) How do they define the disorders in terms of education?
    (2) What are the needs of these students?
    (3) What are the characteristics of the special need students?
    (4) What are the medical implications?
    (5) What are the educational implication?
    (6) What are the concerns in the classroom?
    (7) What are the teachers’ responsibilities?
    (8) Describe the classroom, teacher interactions and activities.

    1. Steve Emfield

      (1) How do they define the disorders in terms of education?
      This is a very complex question with multiple answers. One of the most common ways of defining an educational disorder is a two-year gap between a student’s potential and that student’s performance in a given academic skill area. Other tests are used based upon symptoms found in the DSM-V (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders).

      (2) What are the needs of these students?
      Needs fall into the categories of educational/academic, social, and physical. Other related needs may include transportation, speech, physical therapy, occupational therapy, etc.

      (3) What are the characteristics of the special need students?
      That is a little bit like asking what are the needs of students without special needs. All student have some needs in common, such as accessing the curriculum, motivation, social inclusion, and health. Those with disabilities have additional needs that pertain to their specific disabilities and how it affects them as an individual.

      (4) What are the medical implications?
      Some students, such as those with Aspergers Syndrome, may have not more health implications than those students without educational disabilities (while some may have alergic issues). Others, such as those with cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis or spina bifida, may have severe neurological and muscular effects that impact organ health, eating, digestion, mobility, and premature death.

      (5) What are the educational implications?
      If all of one’s energy is being spent maintaining one’s life, there is little energy left to process information from the environment necessary to learn. If you add sensory issues on top of that, such as blindness or deafness, normal human development and education becomes a formidable challenge.

      (6) What are the concerns in the classroom?
      Health, safety, access to the curriculum, social acceptance and inclusion, modes of learning, behavior, motivation, human supports.

      (7) What are the teachers’ responsibilities?
      To address all those classroom concerns, provide individualized lesson plans, coordinate services, and keep records.

      (8) Describe the classroom, teacher interactions and activities.
      Classrooms may vary greatly, especially for students with severe disabilities. They may been in separate schools, regular schools, or in community settings. SDC teachers plan individualized educational activities and then implement, chart, and track student progress. Often SDC classes have aides to help with the many high-level needs of the students assigned to a given classroom.

  2. frou

    Does anyone know much about multiple sclerosis?
    I have been having multiple symptoms from hand tremors to inability to understand speech, breathing difficulties, and many more.

  3. Chillin'

    Why would dye be used in a CT scan AFTER one set has already been taken? Testing for Multiple Sclerosis?
    I’ve had a CT scan looking for signs of Multiple Sclerosis after numerous symptoms.
    Is it standard to take scans, then use dye and do another set of scans, or may this be an indication that something looks questionable and they wanted a clearer image?

    1. Voelven

      I don’t know about CT scans, but with multiple sclerosis it is standard to do one set of MRI scans without contrast liquid and then do one set of scans with contrast liquid. I’ve always had double scans taken. The first scan is to show lesions, the second scan with the contrast will show active lesions, so that the two scans compared to each other will give a better image of both the disease progression and the currect activity of the disease.

  4. gingersoulsucker13

    How to know if someone has multiple sclerosis?
    So my dad has been having a ton of back pain (practically all his life) and recently has been getting these muscle spasms that shoot through his legs and sometimes go up into his back. it causes him a lot of pain and he travels all the time, as in he’s gone all week so he can’t go in and see a doctor.so i have been looking up things about his symptoms and it says multiple sclerosis… does he have multiple sclerosis? or is it just a muscle spasm? btw he is 51 years old, i believe he’s 6’3 and is on the heavy side and he smokes (if that helps)

    1. nicepuddin

      A specialist doctor would need to do a whole battery of tests and exams to determine a diagnosis of MS. Your dad needs to see a doctor. Your dad could just have sciatica.

  5. Me

    Multiple sclerosis sufferers – what were your first symptoms?
    Can any multiple sclerosis sufferers tell me what their *very first* symptoms were and which made them realize that something pretty serious was up?

    1. G8RMommy

      My very first symptom was a blurry spot in my right eye. I knew something wasn’t right. Called my PCP and was told I needed to go to an optometrist. Optometrists tested and said I had an uncorrectable right eye and maybe it would go away on its own. Dunbazz. My next symptom was red desaturation in my right eye. Seriously, I though maybe I had always been colorblind in my right eye and just never noticed. A few month later I started having numbness and tingling in my fingers on my right hand. Went to the doc and was told it could be a pinched nerve or carpel tunnel syndrome and hopefully it would go away on its own. Then I noticed every time I tool a shower my eye would get blurry again. And every time I blow dried my hair, the numbness in my fingers got worse.

      My mom was the one who worried. I was 22, in college, and not stopping for anything, but my mom made an appt for me to see her PCP, and he immediately had his suspicions and sent me to a neurologist the same day. This was about nine months after I first had they blurry vision. Mine were classic MS symptoms. The neurologist knew right away, ordered and MRI and sure enough found lesions on my brain and spinal cord.

      I was DX in 1997. Have had thee different neurologists over the years, and all three have said LP (spinal tap/lumbar puncture) is not necessary for DX. Symptoms and MRI can confirm.

  6. Newz Lab

    What disease causes white spots on the brain and spine?
    My mother in law has the following symptoms and has been misdiagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

    Her MRI’s show white spots on her brain and spine
    She has been losing mobility in her legs and getting weaker

    She’s been tested for the following:
    Lack of vitamins and minerals – results were negative
    syphilis – negative
    spinal infection – negative

    If you don’t have an answer, a link to a website with additional information would be helpful.


    1. allybear1705

      Systemic lupus, lyme disease? I know lyme disease tests are extremely inaccurate, but there’s some special test that’s more accurate.. Good luck, I’m sorry for what’s happening to your MIL! Good luck!!!

      “Forty-seven patients were identified as possible MS patients. Many had brain lesions on their MRIs, consistent with MS 61%. CSF was constant with MS in 46 % of the patients. The final breakdown of the 47 patients was: 21 MS, 15 LD, 7 had findings constant with both LD and MS. Thirteen patients responded to antibiotics but only those who had CSF findings consistent with LD.”

  7. Redneckbuterfly

    What is the best way to get doctor’s to test you for MS?
    I have all the warning signs for Multiple Sclerosis,and a half sister who has MS. I have asked my doctor’s to test me and what my symptoms were, only to be told i didnt need the test. I’m in North Carolina and would love to find a doctor that would work with me to find if I do indeed have MS or what else is wrong with me.
    They had me down for an MRI but the machine went down and they wouldnt renew my appointment.I have no insurnance.I am trying to get on Meicaid program but having trouble doing that.And my symptoms have only gotten worse since I almost died 4 years ago from bad miscarriage.

    1. Frito

      There is no one test for MS. An MRI can give results that can suggest MS, but it is necessary to get a competent doctor who can interpret your symptoms and examine you throroughly. Perhaps you already have one. Neurologists are best at this. There are some very good neurologists in North Carolina. If you are near the Raleigh/Durham area, you could try Duke University or University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Other regions have very good neurologists also.

  8. Fanmail

    What where your first symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis?
    Is there a medical test used to confirm it?
    Thanks for the links, I looked them over. I was really hoping to hear about a personal experience, and not just a general list of symptoms.

  9. cassidy g

    What disease includes symptoms such as tremors and joint pain?
    the patient traveled eight years ago to Austarlia, Indonesia, and New Guinea. Now she complains of blurred vision, headaches, and difficulty walking. Her tests show that her protein balance is abnormal and she had abnormal brain wave patterns.

  10. Dar

    Questions for those with MS, are you able to work having MS?
    Does having multiple sclerosis mean one will no long be able to work? I have all the symptoms of this disease and am going to be getting tests done, in general, what is the future look like for someone with MS?

    1. Anonymous

      My mom has had MS for over ten years and has really never slowed down. She would get tired sometimes while on injections but other then that she is still VERY active. In fact, if she didn’t tell you she had MS you would never even know it. MS doesn’t always take a person down. She is VERY proactive with her health, is VERY spiritual, and refuses to let MS bring her down! I believe this is why she does so well..

      Best of luck to you!

  11. Voelven

    Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects individuals differently. How an attack feels and how your health is affected will vary depending on which parts of your brain or spinal cord that is attacked.

    I have relapsing-remitting MS and my attacks have been sensory disturbances. My first attack started with a tingling in my gums, which over a matter of hours spread to my lips (I thought I’d eaten something I was allergic to) and within a day, the exact left half of my face felt a bit numbed with pins and needles. It was annoying, especially when trying to sleep, but my health was not affected. While they abated, the symptoms never went away completely and I still feel some numbness, especially in warm weather.

    Other attacks have been similar. One affected my right arm where it felt as if I was wearing a thick, tight elastic band right under my elbow. My arm also became weaker and I frequently dropped my cutlery while eating. This lasted for around 3 weeks after which my arm went back to normal again.

    I also have some damage to the language center in my brain. I don’t feel this physically at all, but it does mean that I occasionally “lose” a word and just cannot think of it, it can happen at any time, but especially happens when I’m tired. It’s a bit like when you’re trying to think of a name of this or that actor that you saw in a movie recently, but just cannot – and then once you stop pondering about it then suddenly you remember it.

    Others have much more severe MS attacks and I have heard of people who thought they had a stroke with part-body paralyzis, but where it later turned out to have been an MS attack.

    For people with progressive MS, there are no attacks, but merely a slow progression of symptoms.

    MS should not affect your blood chemistry, but approx. 90% of people with MS tend to have oligoclonal bands in their cerebrospinal fluid, whereas a healthy person has only 1 or none.

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