“America is a nation of nations, made up of people from every land, of every race and practicing every faith. Our diversity is not a source of weakness; it is a source of strength, it is a source of our success.” — Former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell.
The United States of America is the most culturally diverse country in the world. African-American, Native American, Asian-American, Mexican-American have come together to create this country. Still people from all over the world continue to arrive in the U.S from various places of the world. Many different ethnic and racial groups as cultural diversity of the United States have contributed to the social, cultural and economic values in American society (Naylor, 1997). This cultural diversity has been added throughout American history as a significant foundation of American power. Since the 1960s, the United States have become more culturally diverse than at any other time in their history. Also since the 1960s, the government of the United States has supported cultural diversity by developing a policy that is often called multiculturalism. Ethnic and Cultural diversity of the U.S has always been a source of strength in American society.
The United of America was built by culturally diverse of people coming to America from throughout the earth for new beginnings, new opportunities, and new lives. Americans have constantly taken pleasure in their diversity, in positive their dreams that they have understood were individually American. Considerable cultural diversity in colonial America existed among the African slaves, who came from different tribal backgrounds and spoke about a hundred languages or dialects. The greatest concentration of cultural diversity was in New Amsterdam, where 18 languages were spoken on Manhattan Island as early as 1646 (Wittke, 1967). Religious diversity was another significant component of cultural pluralism in colonial America (Henretta et al, 1967).
America's founders established a society that would hold diversity and celebrate the differences that various cultures would bring to the United States. Diverse peoples have played a significant role in every aspect of American life and culture. The first problem of cultural diversity in the U.S. that needs to be understood is the idea of culture (Naylor, 1999). Though, most residents of the U.S. identify themselves as American, but still most people do not have a good grasp of what culture is or the role it plays in their lives. It is very tempting to end that the United States has no culture of its own, or that it consists of the commutative contributions of all those peoples, from all over the world, who came together to make up one America.
Henretta, James A., Brownlee, W. Elliot., Brody, David. & Ware, Susan. (1987). America's History to 1877. Chicago: Dorsey Press.
Naylor, Larry L. (Ed.). (1997). Cultural Diversity in the United States. Westport, CT : Greenwood Publishing Group.
Naylor, Larry L. (Ed.). (1999). Problems and Issues of Diversity in the United States. Westport, CT : Greenwood Publishing Group.
Wittke, Carl. (Ed.). (1967). We Who Built America. Cleveland, OH: The Press of Case Western Reserve University.