People living with mild to moderate aplastic anemia are in serious condition but do not have to be hospitalized for treatment. With extremely low counts of all types of blood cells, the disease is considered severe and life-threatening that hospitalization for treatment is immediately required.
Anemia is caused due to iron deficiency, which in turn can affect learning and development. Although anemia is more common in girls, boys too can develop it. Usually anemia occurs during adolescence when the teenagers experience growth. Usually menstruation is a major cause of anemia among teenage girls and this trend can continue into their adulthood. On the other hand, boys experience anemia and iron deficiency only during their teenage years when they are growing.
Here are some possible causes of aplastic anemia:
* Autoimmune disorder. Lupus, one of the autoimmune disorders, can inflict injuries to the body through attacking the healthy cells inside the bone marrow.
* Use of medication. Certain types of antibiotics and drugs that have strong formulation of chemicals can cause aplastic anemia.
* Radiation or chemotherapy treatments. This procedure aims to kill cancerous cells but at the same time, they can also damage the body's healthy cells.
* Benzene exposure. This is a known carcinogen and toxic substance that when inhaled or ingested for a long period of time may leave fatal effects on the body.
Being aware of any of what might be an aplastic anemia cause can be helpful during the diagnosis process.
Symptoms of Anemia:
* Pale skin color or tone
* Pale or clear looking eyelids
* Feeling of constantly being tired or weak
* Lack of energy
* Difficulty in focusing or concentrating
A patient is diagnosed to have aplastic anemia when his bone marrow is seen to produce a decreased number of each blood cell type. The human body is composed of three types of blood cells