Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is one of the most serious autoimmune diseases. Unlike other autoimmune conditions, SLE attacks a wide variety of tissues, and lupus-induced kidney damage can cause death. See Table 1 at the end of this article, for a list of the symptomatic manifestations of lupus, which may arise as the immune system attacks various tissues. Exacerbations and remissions of symptoms are typical. Conventional medicine lists lupus as a disease of unknown etiology, although a likely genetic component has been identified. If the disease were entirely due to genetics, however, we would expect to find equal rates among primitive people and those living in the developed countries. Incidence is much higher in the developed countries, and systemic lupus and other autoimmune diseases are rare in primitive societies following traditional lifestyle and dietary habits, although they begin to appear in those societies when Western diet and stresses are introduced (Trowell and Burkitt). Thus, natural therapies involving diet and lifestyle may be effective at modifying or removing the cause of SLE. Conventional treatment is symptomatic only, and in clinical practice drug side effects commonly complicate the symptom picture and make natural treatments more difficult. In emergency conditions or SLE complicated with myocarditis, ascites, uremia, or cerebral edema, conventional treatment should be initiated without delay.

Natural treatment

Natural and herbal treatment of SLE is controversial from a scientific point of view, usually based on empirical approaches, traditional Asian herbalism, or on emerging concepts of pathology which have not been definitively proven in the literature.

TCM syndromes

The underlying syndromes for systemic lupus in traditional Chinese medicine involve Deficiency patterns and Heat syndromes (especially Deficiency Heat or False Fire). The most important Chinese organ system for therapy is the Kidney, which in Western terms most closely fits the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. The therapeutic challenge with herbal medicines (regardless of the medical paradigm) is how to tonify to increase strength in SLE patients without simultaneously increasing heat and inflammation. A window into the therapeutic balance necessary for treating lupus might be seen in the commercial formula Lithospermum 15, produced by the Institute for Traditional Medicine in Portland, OR. Table 1 shows the herbs in Lithospermum 15, and the rationale for their inclusion. Tonics in the formula are mild, and potentially overstimulating tonics such as deer antler or Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng) are avoided. About 20% of the volume of the formula is composed of cooling, heat-clearing herbs. Whatever paradigm of herbalism is used to treat SLE, the principle of using mild tonic herbs combined with cooling herbs is applicable.

Heat-clearing herbs

The application of traditional Asian terms such as “heating” and “cooling” to Western herbs is in its infancy, and thus classification may be imprecise or subject to debate. In general, bitter herbs are viewed as “cooling,” and mild bitters may be useful in lupus. During remissions, gentle bitters such as dandelion (taraxacum off.), burdock (Arctium lappa), or agrimony (A. eupatoria, A. pilosa) might be included in formulas. During exacerbations, the stronger artemisia species might be used following the same “heat-clearing” strategy that conventional medicine applies with antimalarial drugs. Sweet Annie (Artemisia annua) is used in China as an antimalarial, and also used for exacerbations of SLE. A dose of 12-24 grams of the dry herb, decocted in a quart of water, and drunk in three doses throughout the day, may be appropriate. American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) also has cooling properties, as do the leaves of Asian ginseng (Panax ginseng). Asian ginseng leaf costs only a few dollars a pound, whereas American ginseng root may cost several hundred dollars.

Immunomodulating herbs

Contemporary American herbalists classify a group of herbs, including reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum), shiitake mushroom (Lentinus edodes), maitake mushrooms (xxx), and astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus) as “immunomodulating.” The term is common is the journal articles of Asian scientists researching traditional Asian herbs and medicinal mushrooms (Chang; He J et al; He Y et al, 1992; Wang and Lin; Yoshida et al.) These herbs have complex actions on the immune system when measured in in-vitro and in-vivo trials. Among herbalists the term is used to indicate herbs that have traditionally been used to restore balance to the immune system rather than to stimulate it. The herbs tend to have a neutral “temperature” or mild action in traditional usage, and are traditionally taken for long periods of time in food quantities, especially as soups or decoctions. The herbs might be administered in a “tonic soup” which the patient can prepare in large quantities every few days. An example might be reishi mushroom, shiitake mushroom, astragalus, and peony root (Paeonia lactiflora), decocted in a nourishing soup with vegetables, grains as tolerated, meat, or meat broth. Peony root is a cooling tonic which can offset the tendency of astragalus to aggravate inflammation.

The use of echinacea in lupus is controversial, with differences of opinion among practicing herbalists around the world. One of the five patients in this study reported that taking echinacea would make her lupus symptoms worse. She had tried it several times with rechallenge before stopping its use.

Gut-healing herbs

The article on the “leaky gut” syndrome [see “Gastrointestinal: Leaky gut, molecular mimicry, microchimerism, and autoimmunity” in this volume] explains the possible connection between loss of efficiency of the gut barrier and autoimmune conditions. Restoration of the integrity of the barrier may be the most important herbal therapy for autoimmune diseases, to modify their course or severity. A gut-healing strategy might include demulcent, antiinflammatory, and carminative herbs. One possible basic formula might include equal parts of chamomile (Matricaria recutita, M. chamomila), peppermint (Mentha piperita), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), and licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). The herbs may be given in decoction or powdered. If powdered, they should be given in warm water. Amounts might be modified and other herbs added to the formula, depending on the presenting picture. Demulcents might best be given separately in order to provide more of the herb than would be available in dose. Slippery elm powder (Ulmus fulva) can be given with applesauce or added to oatmeal. Marshmallow (Althea off), can be given as a simple.

A possible complication of “leaky gut” is an overload of gut pathogens on the liver. Nutrients and herbs that support liver detoxification may be appropriate as addition either to a leaky gut formula or to tonic soups. The gentler cleansing herbs, such as dandelion, burdock, or agrimony might be preferred, along with the hepatoprotectant milk thistle seed (Silybum marianum). Nutrients such as magnesium and vitamin B6, essential to the process of liver detoxification, may be helpful, and may also reduce elevated estrogen levels which promote hyperactivity of the immune system.


Food allergies may be either a cause or a consequence of the leaky gut syndrome. The chief offenders appear to be dairy, wheat, and soy.[see “Gastrointestinal: Leaky gut, molecular mimicry, microchimerism, and autoimmunity” in this volume, for a full discussion of possible mechanisms]. All five SLE patients in this demonstrated severe allergies to dairy and/or wheat, confirmed by removal from the diet and rechallenge. Two of the patients could trigger full-blown lupus flareups with joint pain and/or kidney involvement by eating a single cookie made of wheat, with the outbreak following by 12-36 hours. Fasting and reintroduction of suspected foods may dramatically demonstrate to both practitioner and patient the importance of food allergies to the presenting symptom picture.

Abandonment of the modern diet in favor of a whole foods diet is essential in the treatment of lupus. The foods most likely implicated in the Western diseases (see introduction) are sugar, refined flour, and refined oils, and margarine. Refined omega-six oils and margarine combined with a relative deficiency of omega-3 oils, such as appear in fish and wild game, can lead to prostaglandin imbalances that favor the inflammatory response. It is the author's experience that flax oil and other omega-3 oils from vegetable sources are usually ineffective in treating inflammatory conditions, despite their popularity among customers of health foods stores. Wild salmon (not farmed) and/or sardines added to the diet on a regular basis can produce dramatic clinical results with reduced inflammation.

Nutrition supplements administered must be selected for easy assimilation, because impaired digestion or intestinal absorption may otherwise render supplementation useless. An easily assimilable form of magnesium is essential. An ionic liquid mineral supplement high in magnesium is available from Trace Minerals Research in Utah. The author has seen dramatic changes in energy-level and/or inflammation in each of the patients above given this supplement.

Homeopathy, flower essences

A history of suppression of symptoms with pharmaceutical drugs is the rule in lupus patients, even if they are currently refusing recommended steroids or chemotherapy agents. Underlying emotional complexes either predating the illness or in response to it are also common. These two conditions argue for the value of homeopathic remedies or flower essences, traditionally used to treat deep seated emotional conditions or the ill effects of suppression of symptoms with drugs.

Stress management

Each of the lupus patients in this review has suffered from mild to severe post-traumatic stress disorder, following major childhood traumas, sexual or physical abuse, or war, according to DSM IV criteria. Each also had unusual stress in their current situation, such as professional lives characterized by deadline pressures or pressure to overwork, abusive marital situations, or poverty. Chronic stress may lead to exhaustion of cortisol secretion by the adrenal glands (which might be measured by a simple salivary cortisol test). The loss of the antiinflammatory effects of the cortisol can exacerbate the autoimmunity. Dihydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) production by the adrenal glands may also be depleted, further contributing to immune imbalances and reduced tissue repair. TCM treatment of the Kidney organ system (see discussion above) is consistent with restoring proper adrenal function. Reducing stress is no simple matter clinically, and the full array of possibilities might be explored, including psychotherapy, group support, prayer, meditation, spa therapy, extended vacations, etc. DHEA supplementation may be helpful in severe cases of Systemic lupus erythematosus, especially with kidney involvement, or to break the cycle of stress and adrenal depletion. In the author's opinion, DHEA supplementation should be given only in conjunction with treatments that address the cause, and not relied on to “cure” the illness. Dosages of up to 100 mg of DHEA have been reported in the alternative treatment of lupus (Pizzorno), but therapeutic doses should normally be limited to 10-20 mg per day. DHEA does not address the cause of the disease, and will not heal the leaky gut or remove food allergens.

Two-phase strategy

A dual strategy, with separate treatments for outbreaks and remissions, may be useful. Fasting on water and lemon juice and resting during fever or severe inflammation can reduce the antigenic load on the gut and promote elimination of immune complexes. Mild heat-clearing herbs might also be appropriate, while all tonics should be discontinued during such a period. For milder outbreaks, a light diet or modified fast, especially from potentially allergenic foods, might be useful.

Removal of medications

The drugs commonly used to treat lupus, including NSAID and steroids, may themselves cause leaky gut syndrome. While they may have their place in treatment, healing is unlikely without their removal. Birth control pills may also induce leaky gut syndrome.
Case 1: Early Stage Lupus Patient: 25 y.o. female, 5'5″ 120 lbs. Overall health self-assessment: 7 of 10
Chief complaint

Lupus-like autoimmune outbreaks. The patient was told she had “pre-lupus” by her physician. Raynauds phenomenon. Painful swelling of all the lymph glands in the body during attacks. Joint inflammation. Possible kidney pain. Low grade fever. About four outbreaks a year, spaced at regular three-month intervals. “Could set the calendar by them” Mild hair loss. Most recent outbreak three weeks prior.

Daily meds: 1000 mg Vitamin C. Discontinued all conventional meds eight months prior.

About the author:


list of autoimmune diseases

32 thoughts on “List Of Autoimmune Diseases

  1. kassim1952

    What are the differences between celiac disease and autoimmune hepatitis?
    The high liver enzymes levels (3 folds of one of them) and high total bilirubin (2.8) is good indicators to say it is autoimmune, if we can not do the tests for the celiac disease

  2. alins

    What blood test must be do to find if alopecia is androgenic or autoimmune?
    I am the only person in my family with this disease and the hormons tests are o.k but I have many simptoms for thyroid disease.
    Have you any advice?

    1. gillianprowe

      As far as I am aware Alopecia is not autoimmune. I have known people who have had the condition for five years and then suddenly it has vanished. Some Docs say it is stress, others bacterial the list is endless but your hair will eventually grow back, when I cannot say.

  3. 드래곤

    How serious is getting a swollen brain from Behcet’s Disease? Will my brother be able to wake up?
    How serious is getting a swollen brain from Behcet’s Disease? My brother had a swollen brain after vomiting/fainting out of nowhere. He got surgery and after, doctors purposely put his brain to sleep (induced coma? I think). Doctors found out that what he has is Bechet’s Disease. Is this disease serious? Will my brother be able to wake up? Will doctors wake him up?

    1. Tit for Tat

      Behçet’s disease is an autoimmune disease that results from damage to blood vessels throughout the body, particularly veins. In an autoimmune disease, the immune system attacks and harms the bodies’ own tissues. The exact cause of Behçet’s disease is unknown. Most symptoms of the disease are caused by vasculitis (an inflammation of the blood vessels). Inflammation is a characteristic reaction of the body to injury or disease and is marked by four signs: swelling, redness, heat, and pain. Doctors think that an autoimmune reaction may cause the blood vessels to become inflamed, but they do not know what triggers this reaction. Under normal conditions, the immune system protects the body from diseases and infections by killing harmful “foreign” substances, such as germs, that enter the body. In an autoimmune reaction, the immune system mistakenly attacks and harms the body’s own tissues. Behçet’s disease is not contagious; it is not spread from one person to another. Behçet’s disease affects each person differently. The four most common symptoms (as listed) are mouth sores, genital sores, inflammation inside of the eye, and skin problems. Inflammation inside of the eye (uveitis, retinitis, and iritis) occurs in more that half of those with Behçet’s disease and can cause blurred vision, pain, and redness. Other symptoms may include arthritis, blood clots, and inflammation in the central nervous system and digestive organs.

      Check out the website, its the offical site and should have some helpful info

  4. stanemac12

    Are there any long term diseases that cause a weaker immune system?
    I want to know if there are any diseases that are basically long lasting, even lifelong that cause a generally weaker immune system. So that a person with this disease would generally be more susceptible to basic colds and flu and get them quite often as opposed to a regular person. Any such conditions?

    1. Julzz33

      HIV / AIDS and cancer are the two biggest ones for causing this…

      Primary Immune Deficiency is another one. It’s genetic, meaning you were born with it, and also means you have it your whole life. People who have this actually have part of their immune system “missing”, so they get very sick very easily. In order to maintain some sort of normal life they need to have immunoglobulin injections regularly. Their symptoms can be similar to those who have HIV or AIDS.

      Diabetes also causes increased susceptibility to infections, and people whose diabetes is more severe do have to be careful about what they’re exposed to.

      All autoimmune diseases (and there are a lot of them) essentially cause weakened immune systems due to the type of treatments that are necessary to treat the disease (immune suppressants). People being treated for autoimmune diseases need to be very careful about infections, because their immune systems are suppressed from the treatments, to the point that they can’t fight them off easily.
      There are too many autoimmune diseases to list here – hundreds. You may have a good result if you google “autoimmune disease”. These range from systemic disorders, such as Lupus, to more specific disorders affecting certain systems, like Crohn’s disease (affecting the bowel) and Rheumatoid Arthritis (affecting the joints). Autoimmune diseases are basically lifelong, although they can go into periods where there are no symptoms for awhile (remission).

  5. mark

    I wanted to find out if anybody can answer some questions I had about autoimmune disease?
    My mom was diagnosed with stage 4 liver cirrhosis autoimmune disease, the doctor said there was not very much they could do for her, except for putting her on immune system depressors. They also said she was not eligible for a liver transplant because she has autoimmune disease. Does anybody know of any other treatments and their success rate, or does anybody know more about liver transplants. If anybody can help or give me more information about this disease ( thank you very much)

    1. Baa Baa

      It is absolutely untrue that having an autoimmune disease makes someone not eligible to receive a transplant if they have cirrhosis from the disease. I had an autoimmune disease and received my transplant 6 years ago. The person must need a transplant in order to qualify, but no transplant center denies a liver transplant due to autoimmune disease being the reason for the liver failure. Whoever told her that is completely wrong.

      There is no cure for cirrhosis other than a liver transplant. All the doctors can do it treat the symptoms of the disease, nothing else. Once the disease reaches the more advanced stage, it will progress no matter what you do to try to slow it down or stop it from progressing.

      Your mom needs to get in touch with a transplant center and be evaluated. This includes a lot of medical tests along with psych evaluation. After all the testing is done, a group of doctors will go over her case and decide whether or not she can be listed to receive a transplant. If yes, then they will give her what is called a MELD (model for end stage liver disease) score which goes up to 40. This score is determined by the results of 3 blood tests that shows how close to total liver failure you are at the time. The higher the score, the sicker the person. Those who have the highest score and are a match to any donated organ are called first to receive the transplant. If more than one person qualifies with the same score, then the doctors will decide who gets it. It’s not easy to get a transplant and it’s a very serious surgery, but it does save lives. The transplant center will go over everything at the evaluation. They explain everything and they also have to make sure the patient will have insurance to cover the costs. These surgeries are very expensive with a typical liver transplant costing around $300,000+.

      I don’t know why anyone would tell your mother an autoimmune disease would disqualify someone from receiving a transplant, but you really need to find out why. It must be something else that is stopping it that maybe there was a misunderstanding of some kind. Her regular doctor or even some specialist she was seeing cannot determine whether or not she can qualify. She needs to go through an evaluation to find that out. I do know that those with liver cancer that has spread to other areas do not qualify just because it would do no good, but this is not the case with your mom. I waited 18 months before I received my transplant. My autoimmune disease is not attacking my new liver most likely due to me taking anti rejection drugs that my immune system no longer has the power it had before my transplant. My doctors at transplant never let me take any meds to slow anything down prior to my transplant. They told me it would do no good to take anything. I did take medications and have treatments for the symptoms of the disease. I took Lasix and Spironolactone to control the accumulation of fluid. I took Xifaxan and Lactulose to control high ammonia levels. I had an endoscopy done every 3-6 months to check for what is called “varices.” These are unwanted veins that form with cirrhosis that can grow quite large, leak and even burst which could cause internal bleeding. People with cirrhosis have blood clotting problems anyway but then add internal bleeding on top of it and it can be life threatening. They do a procedure called “banding” when they do the endoscopy which greatly lowers the risk of bleeding. I never had internal bleeding ever thanks to getting checked and having the banding done prior to my transplant.

      I suggest your mother definitely goes to another doctor. She needs to be treated by a gastroenterologist or hepatogist for her cirrhosis. I wish her the best. If you have any other questions, just email me.

  6. Andrea S

    What are some natural antibiotic/antiviral foods that won’t interfere with immunosuppressants?
    My grandmother is currently taking Remicade for her rheumatoid arthritis. Since it’s an immunosuppressant, she often gets colds because she is a nanny and is around germy kids. I have heard that garlic and cranberry juice are natural antibiotics. What are some other natural foods/drinks/supplements that have antibiotic/antiviral properties that DON’T boost the immune system? (since the purpose of RA medicine is to suppress the immune system, since RA is an autoimmune disease).

    1. calyx156

      Foods (sometimes called “Superfoods”) that are very high in certain nutrients will be very helpful to your Grandmother. Some of these would be:

      1) yams and sweet potatoes, squashes and carrots–all for their beta carotene content
      2) all greens (for their Vitamin A, iron & calcium content)
      3) nuts and nut butters (Vitamin E, natural oils and an acid content in the case of walnuts that helps to dissolve arterial plaques)
      4) whole grains (B vitamins,
      5) beans, peas, legumes, pulses, peanuts and peanut butter
      6) lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs–amino acids (protein building blocks that body must have in order to function well, te heal itself, and to fight off infections. (Grandma should go easy w/ red meat, especially beef, as there is a lot of research to show that beef, wheat, tomato, red wine, Solanaceae family (vegetables like potatoes, eggplant (especially), zucchini, tomatoes, nicotine, peppers of all kinds, except cayenne peppers) seriously aggravate all forms of arthritis.
      7) Fish is a really healthy food for almost everyone, so look to this as a best source of protein. Balch & Balch say this about fish consumption and arthritis: “Omega-3 EFA’s found in fish may alleviate symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis by suppressing the immune system reaction that causes joint inflammation. Over a dozen studies have shown that people w/ RA have fewer tender and swollen joints and less morning stiffness after several months of taking large doses of fish oil supplements (2.5 to 5 grams a day) with meals. A limited amount of people have even been able to reduce or discontinue use of anti-inflammatory drugs.”
      8) I find soy foods (tamari, shoyu, miso (especially), tofu, tempeh, okara) and raw foods to be extremely helpful and beneficial in trying to maintain my own health.
      9) I have had many clients report their arthritic pains get much better when they change and clean up their diets. I would be extremely skeptical about ANY pharmaceutical that depressed my immune system, especially if I were older, and regardless of how much pain I were in. I just really do not find that true healing can be found with the use of pharmaceuticals very often. Once in awhile it will work, such as in the case of intestinal paracites like worms, amoebas and flukes. I also believe in immunizations, especially for more serious diseases, and I definitely find there is a time and a place for antibiotics and many other types of medicine. I have found no cure for autoimmune diseases w/ allopathic meds. These simply control or repress symptoms. They in no way address cause of symptoms, nor do they reverse the symptoms in the body, and I know this b/c I’ve been diabetic for 20+ years now. Read Annemarie Colbin’s writings, especially Food and Healing. Twenty years ago she was saying auto-immune diseases would be the diseases or “plague” of the future. She was right.

      10) I have also had excellent experiences with such foods as chlorella, spirulina, blue green algae, fresh fruit and vegetable juices, brewer’s yeast, veg juices w/ lots of fresh garlic and ginger, (The ginger would be particularly helpful for G-ma, as it is a very powerful antioxidant AND an anti-inflammatory.) and multiple herbs (Balch and Balch Prescription for Nutritional Healing lists the following herbs as being good for arthritis: alfalfa, kelp, boswellia, Cat’s Claw (Una de gato), cayenne, Du Huo Jinsheng Wan, Nettle Leaf, noni, Olive Leaf Extract, Phytodolor (which contains ash bark, aspen bark and goldenrod), Turmeric, white willow bark (for pain; original source of aspirin), Brigham tea, buchu leaves, burdock root, celery seed, corn silk, devil’s claw tea, horsetail, nettle, parsley tea , willow bark and yucca; vitamins and minerals. The more attention I pay to health and healing and the more time and money and effort I invest in my well-being, the better I feel.

      11) And don’t let me forget fresh fruit and vegetables. As Louise Hay says, “If it grows in or on the ground, or in a tree, I eat it.” Regarding your grandma, she may find that papaya and pineapple (fresh ONLY, canning or freezing destroys all the beneficial enzymes) are helpful to her with her arthritis, as they have high levels of bromelain and papain which are two enzymes that scavenge excess proteins in the body. This is a good start. There is MUCH, MUCH more information out there in the world that should help your granny. Blessings to you both. And please understand this, if you get NOTHING else from my post: There are MANY ways to get the anti-inflammatory effects your granny needs to do her day without taking hepato-toxic, immune system depressing or destroying pharmaceuticals. Please look for some of these FIRST, in order to best serve her and save her health! Drugs that depress or destroy the immune system can in no way be a good idea, especially for an older or elderly person (and even more so in dealing w/ children) from my perspective.

  7. jason h

    How can i find a Recommended Naturopathic Doctor in my area?
    I live in Pensacola, i want a doctor who treats Systemic Candidiasis(Candida) and fibromyalgia possibly, im seeing a doctor at the VA hospital since im a veteran its free, but he doesnt believe Candida can exist in people without HIV or other Autoimmune diseases or … something like that. But i have read too many articles online where naturopathic doctors treat this condition differently. Please help me ; ;

    1. Cindy in Texas

      Contact your local support group for local doctor. A D.O. is usually more open than an M.D. & has much more training.

      Here’s a yahoo link to 6 Naturopathic doctors in Pensacola.

      Only one doctor is listed in Pensacola for ACAM. There are quite a few in Florida but none other near you.

      Integrative medicine combines conventional care with alternative medicine to improve patient care. Rather than practice one type of medicine, integrative physicians will often combine therapies and treatment approaches to ensure the best results for their patients. ACAM physicians do not shun western medicine, in fact they practice western care everyday. Our physicians are unique in that they incorporate appriopriate and proven alternative treatment options.

  8. Dianne A

    How rigorous do I have to be in avoiding gluten for celiac disease?
    I have a provisional diagnosis of celiac disease, but have been symptom free – except for some absorption issues. So now I have to live gluten-free. But I’m the mom, chief clerk and bottle washer. How careful do I have to be when I make regular food for my family? Can I still bake their light, fluffy and tender birthday cakes using cake flour? Sandwiches on regular bread for them? Since I don’t have symptoms, isn’t it going to be impossible to tell how much is too much?

  9. Karen S

    What can a coroner find during an autopsy?
    A person was said to have Lupus for twenty years but the Lupus was in remission. This person died last year an autopsy was performed and a cause of death was listed. Also listed in the autopsy was healthy problems nothing to serious arthritis enlarged prostate and signs of getting older. However the one thing that missing from the report was Lupus. Could the coroner be able to tell if a person had a autoimmune disease even if it was in remission?

    1. Chrys

      yes..but only if an ANA (test) was done, if it wasn’t done, they wouldn’t know about the lupus and since an ANA takes 1-2 wks and costs an arm and a leg to do, they aren’t going to bother, since the death was caused by other things…lupus can be the cause of death, but it’s also an underlying factor, not always the primary.

  10. Jessica

    Is there any disease in which our own body destroys our own antibodies?
    THis was the question on our bio exam: give one example of an autoimmune disease: I said when our own body fails to recognize its own cells and destroys our own antibodies. My teacher said i have to back it up with real facts, is there such disease?

    1. ►Noble◄

      I see the error in your statement. The teacher probably picked up on this too. So now you’re in a hole and you have to dig your way out. Fortunately, you came to the right place for help.

      Here is your mistake: “fails to recognize its own cells and destroys our own antibodies.” It is not the antibody that is BEING DISTROYED. It is the antibody that is DOING the DESTROYING. Our body cells are the victims, and antibodies are the culprit.

      How to get your points: Depending on the context of the question you may be able to argue and still get your points. Start by telling you teacher that you understand that the antibody is generally not the victim in autoimmune diseases, it is the culprit. Now you will have to defend why then did you make the statement above. Your can do so by using rheumatoid arthritis as your example. I think it is the only popular example where an antibody is the victim. Specifically you have “antibody IgM against the antibody IgG”. As you see it is one antibody again another antibody. You will probably get the points if you say it exactly like I said it. This isn’t a solid case and this would probably never work in college, but it should be MORE than good enough for high school. None of the other examples listed as an answer is an example where an antibody is a victim, and your teacher will not give you points for it.

      Good luck! You got this!

  11. Anonymous

    Looking for a book that lists diseases and their symptoms? Can someone help me?
    I’m looking for a book that contains diseases and genetic disorders, with their symptoms listed. I’m not looking for information about the diseases or disorders, just the symptoms. Does such a thing exist? I’ve looked on the internet, but I haven’t had any luck.

    I’m looking for a book to cover a broad range of diseases and disorders (not just autoimmune disorders, for example, but many, many diseases and disorders).

    1. izzy

      I am sure I have answered this once…
      There are many.
      Both for lay people and those in the medical profession.
      You are probably better without one if you are a lay person. You will end up imagining all sorts of scary diseases that you do not have at all. See a doctor.
      Use the web with caution. Information is there, but you have to learn to interpret it as well.

      You will imagine you have all sorts of diseases you do not have.
      Look up feeling dizzy, symptoms of diabetes, symptoms of dehydration, symptoms of anaemia…
      …to name but a few. It can be unhelpful and confusing.

  12. Rainbowstar

    Why are there so many human diseases?
    I am studying pharmacy and I am amazed at how many human diseases exist (e.g heart disease, cancer [over 200 types], diabetes, epilepsy, arthritis, infections [there are so many], genetic diseases, mental illnesses [the list of mental illnesses is huge], autoimmune diseases (it is weird that your defence systems ends up attacking its the thing it was designed to protect) and many many more.

    I am wondering to myself why is the human body so fragile?
    Is there a purpose to all these diseases?

    1. Five by Five

      Fragile? Given the abuses most of us put our bodies through at some point (and at times, ongoing), I think the human body is amazingly resilient. And I say that as someone who suffers chronic, albeit endurable, illness.

      If you have a single function clock, it’s no surprise when it eventually fails to keep time. If you have a multifunction clock that tells time, projects it on the wall, wakes you up to random tunes on your iPod (which it also charges), and sets itself by synchronizing with the Atomic Clock…well, you’d hardly be surprised if more than one of these functions ceases to work at some point.

      Now think of the human body—one of the most complex multitasking systems you could ever imagine. There are so many hundreds of thousands of functions constantly running, it would be shocking if there weren’t so many diseases to affect them.

  13. Aaron K

    What is medical marijuana prescribed for in Arizona?
    I would like to know if anyone has had personal experience obtaining a medical card in AZ, and what ailment it was prescribed for.
    There is an obvious list of conditions that marijuana will treat, but I need something that will work without proof (medical documentation/tests).
    Arizona is not as lax as the California system, so it has to be something more legitimate.
    Thanks for any help!

    1. Alvin Ray

      Medical Marijuana is legal in Arizona. Here is a general list of sicknesses with symptoms and/or side effects that have been treated with medical marijuana:

      AIDS Related Illness
      Alcohol Abuse
      Alopecia Areata
      Amphetamine Dependency
      Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
      Angina Pectoris
      Anorexia Nervosa
      Anxiety Disorders
      Arteriosclerotic Heart Disease
      Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADD/ADHD)
      Autoimmune Disease
      Back Pain
      Back Sprain
      Bell’s Palsy
      Bipolar Disorder
      Brain Tumor, Malignant
      Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
      Cerebral Palsy
      Cervical Disk Disease
      Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
      Chronic Pain
      Chronic renal failure
      Cocaine Dependence
      Crohn’s Disease
      Cystic Fibrosis
      Damage to Spinal Cord Nervous Tissue
      Degenerative Arthritis
      Delirium Tremens
      Diabetic Peripheral Vascular Disease
      Dysthymic Disorder
      Genital Herpes
      Graves Disease
      Headaches, Cluster
      Headaches, Migraine
      Headaches, Tension
      Hemophilia A
      Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
      Hepatitis C
      Hereditary Spinal Ataxia
      Hospice Patients
      Huntington’s Disease
      Inflammatory autoimmune-mediated arthritis
      Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
      Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED)
      Intractable Vomitting
      Lou Gehrig’s Disease
      Lyme Disease
      Major Depression
      Malignant Melanoma
      Meniere’s Disease
      Motion Sickness
      Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS)
      Multiple Sclerosis (MS)
      Muscle Spasms
      Muscular Dystrophy
      Myeloid Leukemia
      Nail-Patella Syndrome
      Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
      Opiate Dependence
      Panic Disorder
      Parkinson’s Disease
      Peripheral Neuropathy
      Peritoneal Pain
      Persistent Insomnia
      Post Polio Syndrome (PPS)
      Post-traumatic arthritis
      Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
      Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
      Pulmonary Fibrosis
      Radiation Therapy
      Raynaud’s Disease
      Reiter’s Syndrome
      Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS)
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Rheumatoid Arthritis
      Schizoaffective Disorder
      Sedative Dependence
      Senile Dementia
      Severe Nausea
      Shingles (Herpes Zoster)
      Skeletal Muscular Spasticity
      Sleep Apnea
      Spinal Stenosis
      Sturge-Weber Syndrome (SWS)
      Tardive Dyskinesia (TD)
      Temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ)
      Tic Douloureux
      Tietze’s Syndrome
      Tobacco Dependence
      Tourette’s Syndrome
      Viral Hepatitis

      You can get a medical marijuana card in Arizona if you can follow instruction mentioned below:

      Find a Medical Marijuana Doctor near by your area. Get your doctor to write a statement and/or prescription that he recommends medical marijuana to treat your ailment. If your doctor will not give you a statement contact the THC Foundation, they have several medical cannabis clubs in different states that support medical marijuana and will be able to help you either find a doctor, or get your statement from your doctor. Get the documentation done. With proper documentation you can get a Medical Marijuana Card.

  14. Serena G

    Does weight loss have to be a side effect to be considered Celiac Disease?
    I have fatigue, depression, intenstinal gas with wheat, etc. Someone said I should be tested for the disease, but I think I gain weight more than lose. Could it really be a possibility and what are the odds?

    1. Glutenfreegirl

      It is very likely you could have Celiac Disease. One of the reasons docs are so hesitant to test for CD is that the symtpoms are all over the place. Yes weight gain is a symptom, after years of beign skinny as a child I suddenly gained about 20-25 lbs as an adult and could NOT get it off. Once I was diagnosed with Cd it got harder but i’m glad I”m diagnosed. Once you go gluten free your body starts absorbing things it didnt before so you do tend to gain some weight when u go gluten free.
      The odds are high! 1 in 133 ppl have celiac disease but 97% dont know they do. (Dont ask me how they figure that!)
      My advice is to demand testing (I’ll include what tests below) but you MUST be eating gluten for the test to be accurate!! Here is the info from an official CD page.
      Chairperson Louisiana North Shore Celiac SPrue Association

      What is Celiac Disease?
      Celiac disease (CD) is a genetic disorder. In people with CD, eating certain types of protein, called gluten, sets off an autoimmune response that causes damage to the small intestine. This, in turn, causes the small intestine to lose its ability to absorb the nutrients found in food, leading to malnutrition and a variety of other complications.
      The offending protein, gluten, is found in wheat, barley, rye, and to a lesser extent, oats (WBRO). Related proteins are found in triticale, spelt, kamut. Refer to grains and flours Glossary for a more extensive list of both safe and offending grains.

      Celiac Disease is:
      ·a genetic, inheritable disease.
      ·linked to genetically transmitted histocompatibility cell antigens (HLA DR3-DQ2, DR5/7 DQ2, and DR4-DQ8).
      ·COMMON. Approximately 1 in 133 people have CD, however, only about 3% of these have been diagnosed. This means that there are over 2.1 million undiagnosed people with celiac disease in the United States.
      ·characterized by damage to the mucosal lining of the small intestine which is known as villous atrophy.
      ·responsible for the malabsorption of nutrients resulting in malnutrition.
      ·linked to skin blisters known as dermatitis herpetiformis (DH).
      ·not age-dependent. It may become active at any age.
      Return to top
      Celiac Disease is NOT:
      ·simply a food allergy.
      ·an idiosyncratic reaction to food proteins (mediated by IgE).
      ·typified by a rapid histamine-type reaction (such as bronchospasm, urticaria, etc.).
      Return to top
      The Damaging Proteins
      The term “gluten” is, in a sense, a generic term for the storage proteins that are found in grains. In reality, each type of protein – gliadin in wheat, secalin in rye, hordein in barley, avenin in oats, zein in corn and oryzenin in rice – is slightly different from the others. The “gluten” in wheat, rye, barley, and in a much lower amount, oats, contains particular amino acid sequences that are harmful to persons with celiac disease. The damaging proteins are particularly rich in proline and glutamine (especially the amino acid sequences which are in the following orders: Pro-Ser-Gln-Gln and Gln-Gln-Gln-Pro). As peptides, some such as 33-MER, cannot be broken down any further. In people with celiac disease, 33-MER stimulates T-cells to produce antibodies. The antibodies, in turn, attack the villi in the small intestine, reducing their ability to absorb nutrients. It is important to note that these sequences are NOT found in the proteins of corn and rice.
      Return to top
      The Nature of the Injury
      The damage to the small intestine (the jejunum) caused by this disease is very slow to develop and is insidious. It is:
      ·almost certainly mediated by the immune system.
      ·associated with ANTIBODIES to gliadin, reticulin and/or endomysial (smooth muscle) proteins.
      ·probably not directly caused by the antibodies, though they may be signals for cell-mediated immunity.
      ·probably produced by the cellular immune system (T cells) – but only when gluten-type prolamins are present.
      ·reversible, in most cases, to completely normal bowel function, if the injurious protein is excluded from the diet.
      Return to top
      How Does One “Catch” Celiac Disease?
      Celiac disease cannot be “caught,” but rather the potential for CD may be in the body from birth. Its onset is not confined to a particular age range or gender, although more women are diagnosed than men. It is not known exactly what activates the disease, however three things are required for a person to develop CD:
      ·A genetic disposition: being born with the necessary genes. The Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) genes specifically linked to celiac disease are DR3, DQ2 and DQ8.
      ·A trigger: some environmental, emotional or physical event in one’s life. While triggering factors are not fully understood, possibilities include, but are not limited to adding solids to a baby’s diet, going through puberty, enduring a surgery or pregnancy, experiencing a stressful situation, catching a virus, increasing WBRO products in the diet, or developing a bacterial infection to which the immune system responds inappropriately.
      ·A diet: containing WBRO, or any of their derivatives.
      Return to top
      Celiac disease is life-long and currently incurable. The only known treatment at this time is strict adherence to a gluten-free lifestyle, free of WBRO.

      How is Celiac Disease Diagnosed?
      When working with a physician to diagnose and/or confirm celiac disease (CD), three major steps are taken. First, a thorough physical examination is conducted, including a series of blood tests, sometimes referred to as the Celiac Blood Panel. Second, a duodenal biopsy is performed with multiple samples from multiple locations in the small intestine. And third, the gluten-free diet is implemented. When the patient shows a positive response to the diet – symptoms subside and the small intestine returns to its normal, healthy state – the diagnosis of CD is confirmed.
      (NOTE: To ensure the most accurate and timely diagnosis, the gluten-free diet should be implemented only after the first two steps have been completed.)

      1: Examination
      Patient History
      When reviewing a patient’s medical history and symptoms with a physician, the following areas should be considered in the discussion: (The first three are applicable to adults and children. The last is specific to children.)
      ·What are the symptoms? How long have they been present? How often do they occur?
      ·What is the patient’s emotional state? Is it consistent throughout the day? When and for how long do the symptoms occur?
      ·What else is involved? Other diseases? Other organs?
      ·How is the child developing?
      See What are the Symptoms of Celiac Disease? for a thorough list of possible symptoms.
      Physical Examination
      Depending on the presentation of symptoms, the physician will check for some of the following items:
      ·pallor (due to anemia)
      ·hypotension (low blood pressure)
      ·edema (due to low levels of protein, [albumin] in the blood)
      ·dermatitis herpetiformis (skin lesions)
      ·easy bruising (lack of vitamin K)
      ·bone or skin and mucosa membrane changes due to vitamin deficiencies
      ·protruding or distended abdomen (intestine dysmotility)
      ·loss of various sensations in extremities including vibration, position and light touch (vitamin deficiency)
      ·signs of severe vitamin/mineral deficiencies which may include: · -diminished deep tendon reflexes
      ·muscle spasms (magnesium and/or calcium deficiency)
      ·bone tenderness and bone pain (due to osteomalacia)
      Blood Tests
      A number of tests, sometimes collectively referred to as the Celiac Blood Panel, will aid the physician in diagnosis. The tests may include, but are not limited to:
      ·Serologic Tests
      1.EMA (Immunoglobulin A anti-endomysium antibodies)
      2.AGA (IgA anti-gliadin antibodies)
      3.AGG (IgG anti-gliadin antibodies)
      4.tTGA (IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase)
      ·Tolerance or Measure of Digestion/Absorption Tests
      1.Lactose tolerance test.
      2.D-Xylose test.
      Return to top
      2: Biopsy
      In the event that clinical signs and laboratory tests indicate probable malabsorption, a biopsy of the small intestine [jejunal] is called for. In this test, a small flexible biopsy instrument is passed through a tube, down the throat, through the stomach and into the upper end of the small intestine where patchy, multiple snippets of tissue are gathered. The tube is removed and the tissue samples are examined under a microscope for signs of injury.

  15. schpadoinkle

    Does having one autoimmune disorder make you more likely to get another autoimmune disease?
    Is it possible that having one autoimmune disease can lead to others? It seems like all 3 of my main medical concerns are autoimmune disorders, and I’m just wondering if they’re somehow connected, or if I can expect to develop others. The ones I’ve got are Hashimoto’s, a gallbladder issue (no longer have the gallbladder), and psoriasis.

    1. Tara Y

      I have sarcoidosis and as far as I know it won’t cause another autoimmune disorder but its treatment will (lupus, cushions disease, ect.). The cure for mine is called prednisone and has many bad side effects other than what I just listed. People with bad psoriasis (like my dad) can go on Embril which like prednisone is an autoimmune suppressant. I would research it. It would be VERY unlikely if your problems were not somehow connected. If you are on any medication I would look into it! Hope this helps!!!!

  16. .

    What disorders and diseases are associated with migraine headaches?
    Also if applicable can you list the other symptoms. I am looking for things to ask my doctor about next time I go in, because I found things to explain my other symptoms but not the migraines. The disease/disorder can be immune, autoimmune, deficiency, etc etc etc. Thank you!

  17. A Canadian

    Those who test negative for celiac disease yet are suffering from gluten intoloerance?
    Could you please list your symptoms prior to going gluten free? How long did it take for the symptoms to go away?

  18. Rainbowstar

    Why are there so many human diseases? Is there a purpose for these diseases to exist?
    am studying pharmacy and I am amazed at how many human diseases exist (e.g heart disease, cancer [over 200 types], diabetes, epilepsy, arthritis, infections [there are so many], genetic diseases, mental illnesses [the list of mental illnesses is huge], autoimmune diseases (it is weird that your defence systems ends up attacking its the thing it was designed to protect) and many many more.

    I am wondering to myself why is the human body so fragile?
    Is there a purpose to all these diseases?

    1. Robert

      Diseases are one of the many regulating factors that control the population. There’s a certain carrying capacity, the amount of people that can live while still having a enough resources in the world to thrive. To ensure that the population stays in check, diseases, as well as natural disasters, [unfortunately] lower the population to make sure that the human species can go on, and still have resources.

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