Urine investigation is a mapping of chemical composition of urine. It is a viewing test which is a successful method of ascertaining the phase of diabetes mellitus. However, a mass of doctors recommend it to find out the route cause of a number of diseases.

Urine investigation for Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes mellitus, otherwise known as just diabetes, is a indication of chaotic metabolism resulting in an augmented amount of blood sugar. Its cause could vary from ecological factors to hereditary causes. Diabetes is of two types- Type 1 and Type 2. People who are diagnosed with either of the two are asked to undertake yearly urine tests for microalbumin.

Urine Analysis- Its Types

Urine analysis for diabetes is generally of two types- chemical investigation and macroscopic (visual) scrutiny. The earlier is used for a more in depth investigation of urine (i.e. to check the levels of micro albumina) whereas the latter is more pinpointing in nature (color and amount in Type 1 diabetes). Of the two, it is the former which is a more solid indicator of diabetes.

Urine Test for Microalbuminuria

The need to carry out urine test in diabetes is the reality that the body tries to eliminate excess levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Kidneys have to work ultimately and in a more advanced stage of diabetes they get spoiled (also called micro albuminuria). When this happens, the function performed by the kidney reverses. It is no longer the blood impurities which are accepted in urine but vital protein.

The protein (albumin) level is measured so that it indicates the phase of the test subject's diabetes. The following tabulated consequences would provide you with a more precise indication –

1. 300 mg or more means a progressed stage of kidney disease.
2. 30 mg to 299 mg mean a premature stage of microalbuminuria.
3. 30 mg is measured as normal.

How is The Urine Analysis Performed?

Urine investigation begins with the collection of sample. The technique to gather the sample is different for men and women. However, the general point between the two is that the technique first involves cleaning the tip of the urinary tract so that any accumulated composite do not enter the sample.

Once the area is cleaned with sanitization swipes, individuals are asked to pass urine. Ideally, urine passed for the first few seconds is not to be collected as it may not have what laboratory technicians may be looking for. These chemicals come into view only after 5 to 6 seconds which are then collected in a clean sample cup. The quantity collected is about 10-15 ml. The sample should be taken for investigation within an hour or else the chemicals would start to decay.

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Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/sugar-disease-articles/urine-test-diabetes-diagnosing-blood-sugar-levels-137817.html

how to diagnose lupus blood test

13 thoughts on “How To Diagnose Lupus Blood Test

  1. dumbbrunnett88

    What blood tests can be used to diagnose Lupus?
    I am almost positive that I have lupus, as I have almost every one of the symptoms. My doctor also thinks that i may have lupus, but every time i get a blood test, everything is negative. What tests can be used to diagnose lupus? Because i want to find out for sure if this is what I have
    I was already diagnosed with fibromylagia but my symptoms go beyond just that. I have also been tested numerous times for Lyme disease and other rheumatic diseases, all coming out negative.

    1. eabena

      Raised ESR. Reduced white cells, reduced lymphocytes, and/or reduced platelets. Serum antinuclear antibodies (ANA) is positive in almost all cases. Double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) is specific to lupus but is only present in 50% cases. Anti-Ro and anti-La can also be detected. 25% patients have rheumatoid factor. Reduced serum complement levels during active disease.

  2. Ern

    Is lupus always diagnosed during a flare?
    My understanding is that when someone has lupus they go through periods of remission and flares. My question is- is it possible to diagnose lupus (using the blood tests commonly used) during a symptom free remission or is blood work only atypical during a flare?

    1. Linda R

      Some markers will be present, flare or not. This would included a speckled antinuclear antibody and a few other autoantibodies, but the levels may vary.

      Things like sed rate and complement would vary widely between remission and flare.

  3. Battlebatty

    How can I tell the difference between Fifth disease and Lupus?
    I have red blotches on my face, some minor rashes and i had a few ulcers last week, I just recently developed the blotches.
    My parents think I might have lupus.
    I have never been so scared in my life.

    1. SleepyRadish

      Fifth disease is something children get. Classic Lupus symptoms are: butterfly rash (redness on cheeks and across bridge of nose), sores in the nose or mouth, fatigue, joint pain, and dry mouth. Go see your family doctor. He can initiate some of the testing. A positive ANA (blood test) with a negative RA (blood test to show arthritic inflammation) would indicate Lupus. If he thinks you have it, he can refer you to a Rheumatologist. Please don’t be afraid. I was diagnosed with Lupus over 18 years ago. I take daily medication that keeps things under control.
      Anyway, it might be something else! Go get checked out, so you can quit worrying. Best of luck to you.

  4. xvigormortisx

    Has anyone that has been diagnosed with Lupus successfully given birth to defect-free children?
    I was diagnosed with Lupus a few years back, and told that there was a great risk of me dying if I tried to start a family. I was just wondering if any other woman with Lupus has been able to start a family without any problems. As well, if anyone would be able to give me further info on Lupus relating to pregnancy, I would appreciate it.

    1. mgunnycappo

      Women with Lupus have the same amount of birth defects as the normal population so you are at no greater risk here. There is only a slightly higher risk that your child may develop Lupus however, this is very small.

      As far as getting pregnant with Lupus, the first thing you need to do is check to see if you have Antiphospholipid Syndrome or APS. This disease often ‘piggybacks’ with Lupus. Approximately 50% of people with Lupus have APS yet only 25% of them have actually been tested for it. It is a simple blood test. APS is a clotting disease which can be fatal to both you and your baby. Don’t assume you have been tested as many, many doctors do not test for this.

      If you don’t have APS then you’ll want to speak with your Rheumatologist and High Risk OB/GYN about getting pregnant. No matter what you’ll be considered high risk and about 90% of women with Lupus deliver early and have some type of difficulty while pregnant. You should be in remission for at least six months, a year would be better.

      Many women with Lupus have given birth to healthy and happy babies with minimal complications. The importance is communication with your doctor. You may have a flare while pregnant or directly following your pregnancy and this can be difficult with a newborn so make sure you have plenty of support from family and friends.

      I hope this helps and good luck!

  5. Tattoo Steveo

    Can an ANA test or any blood test used to diagnose auto-immune diseases show all the types of lupus?
    Can they test positive for discoid, SLE and other forms of lupus or do only certain ones show up on blood tests?

    1. mgnysgtcappo

      A double strand ANA test can help with a Lupus diagnosis but cannot be used solely to make it. Lupus is diagnosed by blood work and symptomatically through patient history and complaints. A positive ANA test doesn’t necessarily mean you have Lupus, there are many reasons that a person has a positive ANA…it is just one of the diagnostic tools that a doctor uses to base his diagnosis.

      And “NO” an ANA test won’t specify which type of Lupus because it doesn’t even specify that you have Lupus…Just that you have a positive ANA.

  6. ProactiveMom

    Is it hard to diagnose Lupus in a teen with no positive labs?
    There’s a strong family history and symptoms (including butterfly rash) that have lasted almost 4 months. Rheumy says he ruled out Lupus.

  7. mishi408

    Can you have more than one autoimmune diseases at the same time?
    I have been having a real hard time getting diagnosed by my doctors. This is the 4th doctor I see in a year. He said I have fibromaialgia with additional symptoms of Lupus (rash,hair loss ANA positive 80) and sacroilical and neck issues that could indicate Ankyliosing spindolitis. He ws really great and set a bunch of blood tests and MRI to reconfirm the outcome of the x-ray of my sacroiliac joint.I guess we will se once the results come. However I do wonder if it is even possible to have three diseases at the same time. Does anyone know?

    1. cooling1981

      Yes, it is possible. It sounds like you do have Lupus, I know that there are many many doctors out there that think its sooo uncommon for someone to have it, I’m telling you I know it exists! If you have it there are many things that you can do to make life easier on yourself! 🙂

      It is possible for you to hav emore than one at the same time, my mother has Lupus, Diabeties, cardiomyopothy, and did have pulminary hypertension, but that has gotten much better.

      There are a lot of support groups especially ont he net for lupus, you should research them.

      Best of luck to you! Remember, no matter what the result is, you can over come it, you will be fine, and you will press forward.

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