What is Rheumatic Heart Disease?

The Rheumatism term is used to define medical conditions occurring in connective tissue and joints. Few conditions which were earlier referred as rheumatism or termed rheumatic diseases had later been classified as osteoarthritis, arthritis, tendonitis, lupus and Fibromyalgia. Autoimmune disorders that are unnamed yet caused pain and also affected other organs had been classed as rheumatism.

It is an illness caused due to bacterial infection by the reaction, which often results in lasting damage to heart valves. The most important cause of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is premature mortality. Almost all cases of RHD and associated deaths are preventable. It is found among children and young people in developing countries.

Causes of Rheumatic Heart Disease

The rheumatic heart disease is a condition where rheumatic fever results from an untreated strep throat; it can damage the heart valves. Due to this if the heart valves are damaged, they will not be able to open and close properly. So that Rheumatic fever can cause rheumatic heart disease

Rheumatic Heart Disease symptoms

The symptoms are generally started almost 1 to 5 weeks after the child has been infested with Streptococcus bacteria. The most common symptoms are:
Breathlessness Fatigue Swelling (oedema) Heart Palpitations Breathing problem when lying Chest pain Fainting attack Joint inflammation Weight loss
Can Rheumatic Heart Disease be prevented?

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is always the great curse. Heart Disease Prevention is vital for people with indications of possible strep throat to see the doctor, especially children between 5 to 15. If a person is diagnosed with GAS strep throat then it is important for him/her to complete the entire course of antibiotics which is prescribed by the doctor.

Penicillin or other antibiotics can successfully treat rheumatic Heart Diseases as well as prevent rheumatic fever from ever occurring by treating streptococcus bacteria. Treatment can generally stop acute rheumatic fever from developing.
There is a risk of heart damage to the people who have already had attacks of the rheumatic fever. They may be given continuous daily or monthly antibiotic treatment, maybe even for life. The risk of bacterial endocarditis may be increased, if they are given different antibiotics when they undergo surgical or dental procedure.

Treatment of Rheumatic Heart Disease

Strep throat is treated with antibiotics. If strep throat develops into rheumatic fever, the physician will normally prescribe an injection of a long-acting antibiotic to clear up the infection, along with high doses of anti-inflammatory medications to reduce the irritation in the joints as well as in the heart. Doctors generally recommend bed rest, and will continuously check the heart for any problems. The patient is usually put on strict bed rest , if the heart is inflamed .
The patients need to take antibiotics continuously for life or before any surgery or visits to the dentist if the rheumatic fever becomes chronic rheumatic heart disease. It is indeed essential for every person with rheumatic heart disease to have his or her heart function evaluated by a cardiologist to see if surgery or other intervention is needed.

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Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/heart-disease-articles/how-do-you-prevent-rheumatic-heart-disease-931522.html

how is lupus diagnosed in children

21 thoughts on “How Is Lupus Diagnosed In Children

  1. hort

    My daughter has been diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. How is remission determined?
    She is thinking of switching from methatrexate to Embrel which is about $140 more a month. Is the difference in the money for Embrel worth the added expense?

    She is 32 and has 3 children under the age of 4.

  2. xvigormortisx

    Has anyone that has been diagnosed with Lupus successfully given birth to defect-free children?
    I was diagnosed with Lupus a few years back, and told that there was a great risk of me dying if I tried to start a family. I was just wondering if any other woman with Lupus has been able to start a family without any problems. As well, if anyone would be able to give me further info on Lupus relating to pregnancy, I would appreciate it.

    1. mgunnycappo

      Women with Lupus have the same amount of birth defects as the normal population so you are at no greater risk here. There is only a slightly higher risk that your child may develop Lupus however, this is very small.

      As far as getting pregnant with Lupus, the first thing you need to do is check to see if you have Antiphospholipid Syndrome or APS. This disease often ‘piggybacks’ with Lupus. Approximately 50% of people with Lupus have APS yet only 25% of them have actually been tested for it. It is a simple blood test. APS is a clotting disease which can be fatal to both you and your baby. Don’t assume you have been tested as many, many doctors do not test for this.

      If you don’t have APS then you’ll want to speak with your Rheumatologist and High Risk OB/GYN about getting pregnant. No matter what you’ll be considered high risk and about 90% of women with Lupus deliver early and have some type of difficulty while pregnant. You should be in remission for at least six months, a year would be better.

      Many women with Lupus have given birth to healthy and happy babies with minimal complications. The importance is communication with your doctor. You may have a flare while pregnant or directly following your pregnancy and this can be difficult with a newborn so make sure you have plenty of support from family and friends.

      I hope this helps and good luck!

  3. RLT

    How can I stop worrying that something is wrong with me or my family?
    I am a 25 year old female. My grandpa passed away a few months ago from leukemia. i was very close to him. He was a healthy man and then all of a sudden was diagonosed and given 2 weeks to live. He lived 5 weeks. Since his death i have been having problems with hypochondria. I always think i have some horrible disease. I am on medicine for acid reflux…but i think it could be my heart. i look up symptoms all day for diseases and leukemia. I hate living like this and don’t know what to do. My grandma passed away 4 years ago and i went through the same thing after that. i even have panic attacks. somebody help. does anyone have the same problem? i’m also very afraid of something happening to my family. right now i have a sinus infection…diagnosed by my doc. but i’m afraid it could be something worse. AHH! thanks!

    1. live75

      When I was thirty, I finally went to my DR., because I worried all the time over the most minor things. I was constantly worrying that I had a disease- the rarer the better. I knew it was dumb and didn’t call up my Dr. telling her I had Mad Cow or lupus or anything else I had the “symptoms” of. I would worry about money and balance the checkbook when I first woke up, I couldn’t sleep in because my head raced with everything I needed to be doing. My Dr. Diagnosed me with anxiety. I was given medication that has changed my life. I had been like that since a child. I will soon be seeking therapy in addition to my meds. Your Granfather passing away caused a lot of stress which has led to anxiety which will not go away. Please call your Dr., this doesn’t sound like it has been a chronic condition- but maybe he/she can help walk you through the next couple months.

  4. MandyB

    Can Child Protective Services keep my boyfriend from seeing my 4 yr old Daughter?
    CPS was called on my boyfriend after she broke her arm (in a public place) and also because she has been having bruising, canker sore, hair-loss and joint pain. I have taken her to the Dr about all these symptoms and they believe she has an auto immune disease ( they thought lupus but had a negative ANA result from lab, lupus would have shown positive) I am now wondering if they charge him with this can they ban him from ever having contact with my daughter again?

    1. mgunnycappo

      First off, a negative ANA test doesn’t mean that she doesn’t have Lupus. Many people with Lupus have a negative ANA. Lupus is diagnosed through blood work and symptoms. Even if all the blood work comes back negative she could still have Lupus based on her symptoms. Don’t let doctors push you around so easily. Demand and answer.

      Secondly, are you kidding. He should be in jail if he broke your daughter’s arm. You should keep as far away as possible, get a restraining order, change your phone number and never, ever talk to this individual again. He hurt your daughter for god’s sake. And yes, they can prevent him from seeing her if he is abusing her. You need to document it and file paperwork with the courts. In the mean time you should never let him see her. Make him take you to court and then show the judge what he did, he’ll go directly to jail and the court will order him to stay away. Whatever you do, do not let him see her again.

  5. Out on a limb returns

    What to expect with a diagnosis of Purpura Fulmicans and Lupus Anticoagulant w/possible Phophosilid syndrome?
    My 20 month old daughter was recently diagnosed with this in a Children’s Hospital she was sent to. I’ve looked on line, but I can’t find anything on living with it, life expectancy, or any preventative measures to take. All I can find is some descriptions and a few pictures. I know it’s rare, but surely someone can give me some advice.

    1. mgunnycappo

      God, I’m so sorry about the diagnosis. Purpura Fulmicans is usually associated with some underlying infection such as meningitis. It can decrease the blood flow/pressure, sometimes causing digits to be amputated. The Lupus Anticoagulant/Antiphospholipid Syndrome is a clotting disease that can be treated with blood thinners/aspirin. Blood clots are common in people with APS and early onset usually implies greater complications.

      The primary issue is finding the underlying cause of the Purpura Fulmicans and treating it. Usually this will subside after the cause is treated. APS is a different story and is a lifelong issue. There is a much higher rate of heart attack and stroke in people with APS, however, with vigilant treatment lifespan can be normal.

      My wife has APS and Lupus and is doing just fine. She has had two blood clots and a heart attack but survived them all because we knew what was going on.


    Why would my doctor order a Lupus Profile with no family history of Lupus?
    My doctor has used diagnosis codes for Neuritis and Vertigo, and ordered a Lupus Profile and ANA w/ Reflex.

  7. Battlebatty

    How can I tell the difference between Fifth disease and Lupus?
    I have red blotches on my face, some minor rashes and i had a few ulcers last week, I just recently developed the blotches.
    My parents think I might have lupus.
    I have never been so scared in my life.

    1. SleepyRadish

      Fifth disease is something children get. Classic Lupus symptoms are: butterfly rash (redness on cheeks and across bridge of nose), sores in the nose or mouth, fatigue, joint pain, and dry mouth. Go see your family doctor. He can initiate some of the testing. A positive ANA (blood test) with a negative RA (blood test to show arthritic inflammation) would indicate Lupus. If he thinks you have it, he can refer you to a Rheumatologist. Please don’t be afraid. I was diagnosed with Lupus over 18 years ago. I take daily medication that keeps things under control.
      Anyway, it might be something else! Go get checked out, so you can quit worrying. Best of luck to you.

  8. Helen

    Is there a support service for young mums with Rheumatoid Arthritis in South Australia?
    I am a 29 year old mum of two. One is 6 the other is 18 months old. I was diagnosed recently with RA after having symptoms for almost a year, It is very hard raising children whilst constantly in pain and I am wondering if there is any sort of support out there for young mums with chronic illnesses.

  9. Lea

    What was wrong with Michael Jackson that he got so skinny and lost hair?
    did he have a disease that was recently diagnosed? Why did he want all those strange drugs to put him to sleep? Was he in pain or something? Why does nobody really know?

    1. Well, you asked!

      One thing that has been apparent about him for years, is that he suffered from a compulsion that causes a distorted body image. The compulsion most certainly contributed to the excessive plastic surgery, and may also have led him to anorexia.
      Toward the end of his life, he was said to only eat one meal a day, and he was a vegetarian, so one small vegetarian meal would hardly provide anywhere near enough calories or nutrition for a man who stood 5′ 10″ tall, and who expended enormous amounts of energy dancing and rehearsing. There is a type of anorexia nervosa where the victim focuses on eating only certain kinds of food, usually vegetables. I think he may have had this type of anorexia, which is a result of a distorted body image. He was reported to only weigh 112 lbs at the time of his death. In his prime he weighed more like 150. Poor nutrition from anorexia can cause hair loss, it has been apparent to anyone who has been paying attention that he has worn wigs for several years now. There was a report along the way after the autopsy that he only had a little of his natural hair left. Even before you get into the prescription drug thing, the poor nutrition and anorexia alone are enough to cause cardiac arrest, and that is a very common end for other famous child stars such as Lena Zavaroni and Karen Carpenter. Anorexia mostly affects girls, but it can affect boys as well, and he was in a situation where his father was reported to comment on his appearance in an abusive manner, and is considered by many to be at the root of his image distortion. In addition to a distorted view of oneself, the other main contributing factor to anorexia is a perfectionist outlook, and over achieving, and these qualities were certainly present in his personality. This is before you even start to look at the use of prescription drugs in his life, he was already malnourished and on the road to an early death just from that.

      The only disease I have heard he was rumored to be recently diagnosed with is skin cancer, and have not heard any information as yet as to what type, or how extensive it was, it has never been official that he was ever diagnosed with it, and the rumors about it may have started with someone becoming confused between that and Lupus, which he did have, which was in remission. Some skin cancers are easily treated, while others are not. If he really was being treated for skin cancer, if he had melanoma, the worst kind, then hair loss and weight loss could be explained by chemotherapy.

      His relationship to prescription drugs reportedly started when his hair was burned in a freak accident during a Pepsi commercial. Since then, he had several broken bones, back problems, and several cosmetic surgeries, all of which he would have been prescribed various pain killers for, and which could have contributed to an addiction to pain killers.
      His body was way out of balance, and he suffered from insomnia. When you have insomnia, you can just go nuts some nights trying to get to sleep, and being unable to turn your mind off, I suffer from insomnia often myself. When you have insomnia, your body and mind go into overdrive, even though you are tired, and know you need to sleep, you just can’t relax enough to sleep, and wind up tired all the time from it.
      The fact is that when you are wealthy and famous, there are people who will go out of their way to give you anything you want, if you’re willing to pay for it, no matter how bad it might be for you. People like MJ attract “Dr. Feelgoods” who will pump you up to meet the day, and bring you down to get to sleep at night, instead of telling you to toe the line and chewing you out for bad habits the way normal doctors chew out normal people. It’s likely that MJ had several “Dr. Feelgoods” on the payroll along the way, and they didn’t all necessarily know what the other guys were prescribing him, and were more likely to prescribe things they wouldn’t normally prescribe in order to keep a wealthy client happy, and Dr. Feelgoods tend to be in it for the money, and irresponsible in their handling of the client, all the while telling themselves and others that it was “pain management” for chronic back problems. No matter what angle you look at it from, his body was a time bomb, and although it was shocking to me when I heard he had died, it isn’t really surprising if you look at all that.

  10. Cap10

    What are the symptoms and avalible treatments for Lupus?
    Any information, links to information, experience or suggests are welcome. They are for a close friend of mine who was recently diagnose with Lupus and is understandably a little frightened.

  11. Cheerios

    Can you have a babies when you have lupus?
    Is it possible withought endengering my fiances life she was diagnosed last year she was only 16 now shes 17 and they told her she wasnt going to be able to that the baby or her can die. She is on warfarin,steroids,cellcept,diovan.

    1. mgnysgtcappo

      Your fiance is on Warfarin, a blood thinning medication. She is on this because she has a secondary disease called Antiphospholipid Syndrome or APS. APS often piggybacks with Lupus and is also a very serious disease. It causes a coagulation problem with the blood, causing blood clots to form. If left untreated a person can have a blood clot that travels to the brain, heart or lungs which will cause death. Many women with Lupus tend to have miscarriages and many doctors now believe that the women more likely to have miscarriages are those with APS. Having a child with only Lupus can be difficult but when you add APS you’re asking for trouble. There is a much higher incidence of heart attack and stroke in APS patients when delivering.

      Additionally Warfarin causes birth defects as does Cellcept. Both medications would have to be discontinued if she were to become pregnant. She would have to take heprin (an injectible blood thinner) until after pregnancy. Also she would need to stop taking her Cellcept.

      I understand her want and desire to have children. My wife and I have two. She has Lupus and APS as well and takes most of the same medications that your fiance takes. We adopted our children because the risks are just too high for someone with her degree of illness. Our kids are 13 and 10 now and happy and healthy. The best thing we could have ever done. You and your fiance may want to take this route.

      No one can decide what’s best for you. You and she will have to talk about the pros and cons and then discuss it with a high risk OB/GYN. I wish you all the best in the world.

      P.S. make sure you’re using birth control (i.e. condoms until you’ve had the talk with your doctor because if she is to become pregnant it MUST be planned and thought out). She cannot take the birth control pill because it can increase her risk for blood clots from her APS. If she is already taking the pill she needs to stop immediately as this could kill her.

  12. wingsovgrace

    Have you been diagnosed with drug induced Lupus ?
    !0 years ago began having problem with elevated blood pressure. Was treated with the usually prescribed meds. Within the past ten years I have had a variety of unusual and often preplexing symptoms that the doctors couldn’t find good answers for. Lots of guesses and lots of unsuccessful treatments and increased frustration and misery until recently. The diagnosis is drug induced Lupus and it is believed to be caused by my blood pressure meds. Bingo. The symptoms have developed over the same period I’ve been on the meds. My question is: Any known effective alternatives for Blood Pressure Control? Anyone else with Lupus have bizarre skin and hair folllicle issues? Any one know a reputable doctor in Kansas City Missouri to advise on alternative treatments? Any one know of a web site to purchase alternative B/P treatments that you or someone you know have had personal experience with? Are there suggestions for a great support website for Lupus?

    1. Healing Oneself

      Hi WIngsOfGrace

      Here are some ideas to heal the issue. Also learning about detoxifying the blood by doing colon and liver cleanses will change your health forever.

      Food allergies (there is a 100 percent correlation between lupus and food allergies), rheumatoid arthritis, other connective tissue diseases, parasites, candidiasis, bowel problems, and digestive enzyme deficiencies can create symptoms that mimic or exacerbate SLE. Migraines, epilepsy, and psychoses must also be ruled out before a proper course of treatment can be decided upon.

      Both forms of lupus primarily strike young women (90% of cases) and young children.

      The drugs hydralazine, procainamide, and beta blockers can cause false-positive readings of SLE, and can also produce a lupus-like condition that disappears when the drugs are no longer taken. Birth control pills and environmental stresses can also exacerbate lupus symptoms.


      Natural Cures

      Diet: Eat an organic, whole foods diet. Also avoid overeating and limit your intake of dairy, beef products, and polyunsaturated oils. Also screen for food allergies and avoid all foods to which you are allergic or sensitive. Increase your intake of vegetables, especially green, yellow, and orange, and consume non-farm-raised fish several times a week.

      Herbs: Supplementation with Swedish bitters with each meal can increase hydrochloric acid production. Also drink an infusion of nettle twice a day. Other useful herbs include echinacea, goldenseal, licorice, pau d`arco, and red clover

      Hydrotherapy: Hydrotherapy is the application of water, ice, steam and hot and cold temperatures to maintain and restore health. Treatments include full body immersion, steam baths, saunas, sitz baths, colonic irrigation and the application of hot and/or cold compresses. Hydrotherapy is effective for treating a wide range of conditions and can easily be used in the home as part of a self-care program. Many Naturopathic Physicians, Physical Therapists and Day Spas use Hydrotherapy as part of treatment.

      Hyperthermia: Hyperthermia involves artificially creating fever in the body for the purpose of boosting immune function. Hyperthermia can be a highly effective method of eliminating toxins and heavy metals, as well as infectious bacteria and viruses that cannot survive in elevated body temperatures.

      *Purified water is essential for any hydrotherapy or hyperthermia treatment. Remedies for Treating Chlorinated Bath Water offers clear instructions and recommendations.

      Juice Therapy: Drink the juice of carrot, celery, flaxseed oil, black currant oil, and garlic.

      Nutritional Supplementation: Hydrochloric acid (HCL) deficiency is common in people with lupus, therefore HCL supplements with each meal is advised. Other useful nutrients include vitamin A with beta carotene, vitamin C and bioflavonoids, vitamin B complex, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, calcium, magnesium, selenium, zinc, essential fatty acids, proteolytic enzymes taken away from meals, digestive enzymes taken with meals, and the amino acids L-cysteine, L-methionine, and L-cystine.

      Topical Treatment: PABA cream applied topically can help ease symptoms.

      Best of health to you

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