Leukemia is the cancer that starts in the blood forming cells in the body. New blood cells – white cells and red cells – are formed in the bone marrow; bone marrow is a soft tissue that is found in most of the bones in the body. White cells are often called the soldiers of the body who protect it from various infections. However, in Leukemia, bone marrow starts producing white cells in uncontrolled manner, and in huge quantities; this result in disruption in the normal functioning of the body. If detected at an early stage, the patient can be cured.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms of Leukemia or blood cancer will differ depending on its type, and where the white cells have accumulated in the body. So, if the cancerous cells have spread into the brain, then the person may experience symptoms like headache or eyesight problems. In general, the common symptoms are:
Headache Poor eyesight Confusion Vomiting Loss of weight Difficulty in breathing Frequent and recurrent infections Lack of hunger Swollen lymph nodes of the groin or neck Unusual fever Sweating at night Enlargement of the spleen or liver Tenderness of bones
Blood Cancer Treatment in India
Blood Tests are quite helpful in diagnosing blood cancer; then, there are diagnostic methods like chest x-rays, MRI scan, CT scan and ultrasound that can be used to detect the presence of Leukemia in the body.
There are a number of options available, when it comes to blood cancer treatment in India.
Chemotherapy: Herein, doctors use anticancer drugs to destroy the cancer cells. The drugs are either taken orally or injected into the vein.
Radiation Therapy: Here, the doctors expose the patient to high-energy rays to damage the cancer cells and stop their growth in the body.
Biotherapy: Herein, the cancer patient is treated with substances that boost the body's immune system to fight the cancer cells, and stop their growth. This treatment uses antibodies to target the leukemia cells.
Bone Marrow Transplant: This transplant helps in restoring normal cells in the body that have been destroyed during radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Herein, the affected bone marrow needs to be replaced. It is an effective blood cancer treatment in India.
Medical Oncology India
We've got the best of the best hospitals in India, which offer both non-surgical and surgical treatments for cancer and many other deadly diseases. The affected person, therefore, should look for the best hospital and doctor to ensure the best-possible treatment, and fast recovery. Periodical check-ups are, thus, quite significant as the diseases can be detected early and thus, can be cured effectively.