Skin Lupus Symptoms

What are skin lesions?

Author: frank diaz

Capable of determining what works in the battle to turn back a disorder as difficult to understand and hard to isolate or identify as lupus is a puzzle indeed. Initially you have to identify the challenge. Churchill?s Medical Dictionary defines lupus as ?a multisystem sickness of not known ethiology.? The American Journal of Medicine calls it ?a chronic inflammatory sickness of the connective tissue resulting from not known effect.? _ Oh, there is a aid: ?unknown causes.?

A slight extra facts comes from the academic American Encyclopedia, which state that skin lesions is an autoimmune disease in which the body bring about abnormal antibodies that assault regular body tissue as though it were a foreign invader. Currently we are arriving somewhere! I will get back to this issue in a minute.

On behalf of those of you uncertain, baffled, or dismissed by traditional medicine, here are the signs. Dicoid lupus is a skin disorder characterized by a rash over the nose and cheeks in a butterfly pattern. One more form occurs in a consequence of particular prescription medication. The most usual – SLE ? causes joint ache and inflammation, fever an fatigue. A little less than half of people with lupus get facial rushes. No single observation diagnoses the sickness, but in the majority of cases 50-90 percent), patients test positive for lupuserythematosus cells, white blood cells that wipe out other white cells. Of the approximately 500,00 lupus patients in the United States, largely are women. About 1 in 700 women aged 15 to 64 is afflicted. If not alleviated, SLE can result enduring injury to the kidneys, heart, lungs, liver, nervous system, joints and skin.

What are these abnormal antibodies that assault average body tissue? People who study this are starting to consider they are what is called antiphospholipid antibodies. Phosphholipids are charged with fighting invasions of fat molecules in cell membranes. At what time phospholipids are destroyed or minimized by a high-saturated fat-processed food diet, the organ of the body turn into bloated with fat, and cannot function correctly. At what time the body bring about antibodies that kill phospholipids, People who study this call them antiphopholipid antibodies.

Fresh examination points to DHEA. From me to you: Cutting edge study found nowhere else that might mean a breakthrough for lupus sufferers! People who study this at the Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California, recently designed a research seeking to decide by the therapeutic benefits of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in ten female patients with mild to moderate SLE, DHEA is a naturally taking place adrenal hormone. The women were given 200 mg of DHEA vocally for three to six months, with the patients improving a sufficient amount to reduce their need for prescribed corticosteroids.  The People who study this conclude that DHEA ?holds potential as an new therapeutic agent for the treatment of mild to moderate systemic skin lesions erythematosus.

Dr. Wright has found that in women with lupus, 80 percent were low in the hormone testosterone, and recommends that physicians with lupus patients act upon a hormone panel. At what time it comes to DHEA, it is paramount to use it with a reliable doctor?s supervision as too much of it can effect male pattern baldness- especially in women. The maker of DHEA are at this time battling the FDA system in order to acquire this natural substance to health food store shelves, by the way they succeeded in doing so, DHEA can be bought in several health food store.

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Discoid Lupus Symptoms

A Look At Discoid Lupus Erythematosus

Author: Tobias Higgens

This form of lupus mostly affects women from 18 to 50 years. The cases of men suffering from discoid lupus erythematosus are very rare. The racial factor seems to be decisive: the majority of patients are black American women and the symptoms are much more severe in their case. We cannot be certain about the real causes of this disease but there are several risk factors like the hormonal factors (such as estrogen excess), genetic factors and environmental factors (antibiotic long term treatment). The genetic factors have a particularly increased influence on the apparition of discoid lupus erythematosus compared to the other lupus forms.

Discoid lupus erythematosus appears under the form of large size lesions with circular aspect. Like all types of lupus, it also has an auto immune character: the immune system doesn’t protect the body from the viruses or bacteria but attacks its healthy tissues, which causes skin lesions. Long term solar exposure significantly worsens discoid lupus. The neck, face, arms and scalp are the most affected areas in which the lesions appear. But it is not compulsory for them to be the only parts: lesions may also appear on the back, legs or chest, which suggests the evolution into systemic lupus erythematosus.

Systemic lupus erythematosus – unlike discoid lupus erythematosus that only affects the skin – can generate a series of severe disorders: tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal problems, pneumonia, musculoskeletal or nervous system problems.

The diagnosis of discoid lupus erythematosus is only given after previous physical exams, analysis performed in laboratory on skin samples and complicated blood tests. The adequate medication will be given once the diagnosis is confirmed by the test results. Contemporary medicine doesn’t have yet a cure for this condition but it may be kept under control and its signs – improved. But in order to have the best possible treatment result and to avoid the worsening of the lesion and a permanent scar formation, a patient with this condition must absolutely stay away from solar light.

The skin lesions that appear in the first phases of discoid lupus erythematosus are circular and reddish, with prominent borders. The next stages cause the scales and crusts on the skin’s surface. In case it affected the scalp, the hair is lost; this may be temporary or permanent. The most at risk category is the black American population because they have more chances to develop skin cancer than others. The proper medication, doubled by the protection against sunlight will keep the disease controlled and an obvious improvement of the symptoms will be noticed.

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What is lupus ? Read about the symptoms of lupus and lupus treatment

Lupus Symptoms In Men

The Particular Symptoms Of Lupus Evolution

Author: Tobias Higgens

Lupus represents a real menace for the life of the affected persons. It has chronic and autoimmune character. The body’s healthy cells and the very genetic material are under attack because of the malfunction of the immune system. The consequences are severe and so are the damages produced on the internal organs. Systemic lupus erythematosus is only one disease from the large variety produced by this organic chaos. This type of lupus is very frequent and it affects 2 millions Americans; most of them are dealing with serious forms.

Despite the remarkable progress registered in modern medicine, a treatment to cure lupus completely was not found. But there are medicines able to prevent the evolution of the disorder and to keep symptoms controlled. SLE is a very unpredictable disease with multiple remissions and relapses. Even if there are times in which the symptoms back off, these are usually followed by violent and varied return of the symptoms. These fluctuations are determined by the chronic character of the disease. The alternations of remission and recurrences require permanent treatment and modifications of the doses.

This disease has a different, almost individual character for every case. Both the symptoms and the degree of severity vary widely from one patient to another. In the early phase, lupus presents flu – like symptoms: weakness of the body, muscular and articular pain, loss of appetite, low fever, fatigue or headache. These symptoms, that do not particularly belong to lupus evolve after a few months into oral and nasal lesions, sunlight – amplified skin rashes, inflammation of the articulations, permanent muscular pain, significant weight fluctuation, painful breathing and loss of hair. Additional symptoms are detected by analysis performed in laboratory: the presence of malign anti – DNA antibodies, antinuclear antibodies inside the blood and abnormalities in the number of the blood cells.

In case the nervous system is affected, the following symptoms appear: incapacity to focus, faints, mental confusion, seizures and possible development of mania, paranoia or depression.

In case the cardiovascular system is affected new symptoms indicating lupus show up: high pulse rate, hypertension, hyperactivity of the heart. This can lead to severe heart problems.

Due to the large variety of symptoms and to their unpredictable intensity, which gives the disease an individual character, individualized treatment has also been developed. Each person with lupus receives the medications that suite his/her case’s symptoms. A great influence on the treatment is that of the stage in which it was discovered; the best treatment results are obtained in the cases that are identified in early stages. Untreated and uncontrolled lupus has extremely damaging effects on the patient’s health.

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What Is Lupus Symptoms

What you Should Know About Muscle and Joint Pain in Lupus

Author: Groshan Fabiola

Studies revealed that 90% of people with lupus experience joint and/or muscle pain at some time during this illness.Very often, the aching pain in joints and muscles can determine the patient believe he has a viral or flu-like illness, while other patients may have symptoms similar with those produced by arthritis. There exist also another category of patients with intense muscle inflammation, and they can also experience progressive weakness and loss of strength.

It must be said that muscle and joint pains are symptoms of lupus but usually it’s not the systemic lupus erythematosus responsible for them. They are more frequently caused by other illnesses.

Usually, the joint pain caused by lupus arthritis comes, may last for days or weeks, and then disappear, returning at a later time. It is known that the joints farthest from the trunk of the body are most frequently affected. Characteristic to lupus is stiffness and pain in the morning which improves during the day and can return later in the day when the person is tired, and also the fact that the pain is usually symmetrical, similar joints on both sides of the body are affected. It is good to know that even if a person has been diagnosed with lupus, there can appear pains that have nothing to do with this disease. For example, backaches or neck pains, a single, chronically painful are not provoked by lupus.A fact that also should be remembered is that usually, lupus arthritis doesn’t cause deformities or destruction of the joints.Best clues in order to determine if the pain is caused by the systemic lupus erythematosus is the pattern of joint pain and the setting in which it occurs.There can be made X-ras of the painful joints and an examination of the synovial fluid within a swollen joint, to rule out other possible causes for the joint. It is known that if arthritis is the only symptom of lupus, diagnosis can be extremely difficult.It is good to mention that sometimes, performing the anti-nuclear antibody test and the test for rheumatoid factor can be helpful.

For treating lupus arthritis, there are usually used non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen, naproxen or aspirin. Usually, these medications have effect, but if this therapy is not effective, there can be added antimalarial drugs such as hydroxychloroquine.In rare cases, if the joints remain swollen and painful despite other treatment, there begins the treatment with corticosteroids.It is important that people learn joint protection procedures in order to rest the joints during flares of lupus arthritis, and another fact that must be known is that cytotoxic medications should not be used to treat only lupus arthritis.

It is known that the systemic lupus erythematosus can seriously damage the muscles, and as a result, there can appear muscle weakness and loss of strength. Inflamed muscles can be painful and tender to the touch, but the most common symptom that lupus myositis shows is muscle weakness. Usually, the muscles at he trunk of the body are affected , such as neck, pelvic girdle and thighs, shoulder girdle and upper arms.

There are some tests that can determine the severity of muscle involvement. These tests measure the level of some chemical enzymes in the blood. Normally, that enzymes are being concentrated within muscle fibers. They escape into the blood circulation when the muscle fibers are being damaged by inflammation.There can also be made an electromyogram to determine the character of muscle damage in lupus myositis, and also biopsy may be performed in order to confirm the presence of inflammation and to identify how severe it is.

As a treatment, corticosteroids are used initially in high doses, to keep the inflammation under control, and then, after it subsides, it is gradually reduced. Most of the patients responde well to this treatment, but there are rare cases when it is necessary to add cytotoxic or immunosuppressive medications.A well directed exercise program should be started after the inflammation passed, in order to regain normal muscle strength and function.

It may happen when the patient is prescribed high doses of corticosteroids with or without cytotoxic agents to appear bone damage and muscle weakness. These complications in rare cases appear due to the effects of the medications alone, they usually come because of a combination of factors.It was found that patients with systemic lupus erythematosus which took steroids for a long time can develop ischemic necrosis of bone. Altered blood flow to a portion of bone causes the death of that area, and as the bone repairs the area, a weakening of the bone occurs and a portion of the bone surface may collapse. Most affected are the hips, shoulders and knees.The first symptom of ischemic necrosis is pain when the joints are being moved or bearing weight, and the pain can be felt even when the person is resting, at night, when the condition progresses.Osteoporosis can also appear if a patient uses corticosteroids for a long time. Having osteoporosis means that the bone mass is decreased and a higher risk of bone fracture and compression of vertebrae in the spine appears. It is known that women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis and using calcium and vitamin D in addition to regular exercise may help prevent osteoporosis.

It is important to remember that people with lupus myositis should take a regular, well-designed exercise program in order to prevent muscle weakness.

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Lupus Symptoms And Signs

Lupus and the Symptoms of Nervous System Involvement

Author: Groshan Fabiola

Studies revealed that is possible for systemic lupus erythematosus to affect the nervous system. Patients with lupus may experience confusion, difficulty with concentrating, headaches, fatigue, strokes or other signs that show nervous system involvement.

Studies suggested that the nerve tissue may be damaged when antibodies attack nerve cells or blood vessels. It is known that the nervous system requires an uninterrupted flow of blood, that is needed to supply with oxygen and nutrients its tissues. When this flow of blood is slowed or interrupted, the nervous cells are unable to function normally, and there appear symptoms. The symptoms vary, depending where the tissue injury is situated.It is good to know that the nervous system contains three parts. The central nervous system comprises the brain and spinal cord, the peripheral nervous system nerve fibers that have the role to provide the skin and muscles the power needed for sensation and movement, and the third part is the autonomic nervous system that has the role to regulate spinal, peripheral nerves and to innervate the internal organs.

An inflammation of the blood vessels of the brain that appears to 10% of all lupus patients is called the central nervous system vasculitis.This disease usually requires hospitalization and high doses of corticosteroids. Some of the symptoms that appear are high fevers, seizures, psychosis and meningitis-like stiffness of the neck. If it is not aggressively managed, the central nervous system vasculitis rapidly progresses to stupor and coma.

People with mild to moderated systemic lupus erythematosus can experience the cognitive dysfunction. That is a group of symptoms that appear at about 50% of these patients, and we can mention here fatigue, memory impairment, feelings of confusion, and difficulty to express the thoughts. By taking a neuropsychological test or a test called the positron emission tomography, these symptoms can be clearly documented.It is known that cognitive dysfunction may come and go on its own, but no optimal therapy is available. Also, it is not known which is the reason for the symptoms that appear. Dealing with a cognitive dysfunction is frustrating, and often counseling a person in developing coping skills may be helpful.

About 20% of the patients having systemic lupus erythematosus experience the lupus headache. This manifests by severe headaches, is similar to migraine and can be often seen in persons who have also Raynaud’s phenomenon. As a treatment, it is useful the same one used in tension headaches or migraine, and sometimes corticosteroids.

It is known that about a third of the patients having lupus can have a false positive syphilis test, a positive anticardiolipin antibody, or a prolonged clotting time test.This is known under the name of the lupus anticoagulant or the antiphospholipid antibody. About 1/9 of the patients having lupus will develop blood clots in various parts of the body, which is called the antiphospholipid syndrome.If blood clots appear in the nervous system, they can cause a stroke, and symptoms of a stroke include the painless onset of neurologic deficits without any signs of active lupus.If a stroke appears, there must be taken blood-thinning medications. We can mention here low-dose aspirin, coumadin or heparin.

Among patients having systemic lupus erythematosus there is a percentage of 20% that have fibromyalgia syndrome as well. These patients experience increased pain in the soft tissues, tender points, and, in addition cognitive dysfunction, decreased ability to concentrate, lack of stamina and difficulty sleeping. As a treatment, we can mention anti-depressants, counseling, and physical therapy if needed.

It was discovered that medications used to treat systemic lupus erythematosus can develop symptoms like those of the central nervous system lupus.Psychosis can appear due to anti-malarials in very high doses; headache, dizziness, and in rare situations meningitis-like symptoms can be provoked by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Also if a patient uses corticosteroids, there can appear moods swings, psychosis, depression, agitation, confusion, if there are taken high doses can appear seizures, and anti-hypertensive medications may be associated with depression or loss of libido.

A study discovered that people that have both lupus and Sjogren’s syndrome may be predisposed to develop vasculitis or cognitive dysfunction. Sometimes, circulating proteins in the blood can lead to cryoglobulinemia or hyperviscosity syndrome.Plasmapheresis or filtering the blood can ease these complications.Sometimes, pronounced decreases in platelet counts may be associated with bleeding.People with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura or who lack Protein S or Protein C may clot, and those with lupus, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and kidney failure may bleed.

In peripheral nervous system lupus, involvement of the cranial nerves can cause visual disturbances, drooping of the eyelid(s), ringing in the ear(s), facial pain and dizziness.Symptoms of numbness or tingling in the arms or legs can appear if there is an inflammation of the blood vessels supplying the peripheral nerves. There can also appear symptoms due to other conditions than lupus and electromyogram and nerve conduction tests are usually helpful to determine if symptoms are due to some other cause. Corticosteroids are used to treat inflammation of the peripheral nerves.

It is important for your doctor to know if you experience nervous system symptoms. It is possible that these symptoms to appear due to lupus, due to a medication or a particular aspect of your life. The doctor will ask you about the symptoms you experience, he will perform a physical examination and a laboratory evaluation including a blood chemistry panel, complete blood count and urinalysis. Also, diagnostic tests like sedimentation rate, ANA, anti-DNA, anti-ribosomal P antibodies and complement may be useful in order to determine nervous system involvement.There are neurodiagnostic tests, that include CT and MRI brain scans, brain waves or electroencephalogram and spinal taps.In a few hospitals, there can also be performed PET scans.The spinal fluid may be examined for cells, protein components and antineuronal antibodies. In patients with cognitive dysfunction, neuropsychologic tests may be helpful.

The treatment for nervous system lupus depends upon its source, and can include immunosuppressants, blood thinners, antibiotics, steroids, anti-depressants, counseling or surgery. If there are evident diagnostic difficulties, a rheumatologist and/or neurologist should be involved in your care. It was seen that for many people with lupus, nervous system involvement is completely reversible.

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Lupus Symptoms In Women

Symptoms Of Lupus

Author: Marcia Mcwhite

Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that manifests when the body’s immune system starts to attack its own tissues and organs. The inflammation that results from lupus can affect several areas throughout the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, heart and lungs.

Lupus is far more often observed in women than in men but no clear connection for this observation has been discerned. There are four types of lupus in existence these are: systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, drug-induced lupus erythematosus and neonatal lupus. Of the types mentioned, systemic lupus erythematosus is by far the most prevalent and serious form of lupus.

The prognosis for people with this disease was very poor in the past however improvements in the  diagnosis and treatment methods implemented for lupus has significantly enhanced the likelihood of surviving with the condition. Once the disease is treated most people with the disease can lead regular lives.

Because it is an autoimmune disease, it not only attacks foreign substances that may enter the body, such as bacteria and viruses, but also triggers the immune system to attack healthy tissue. As said before this brings about inflammation and consequential injury  to different sections of the body, including the joints, skin, kidneys, heart, lungs, blood vessels and brain.

It is not yet known what causes the disease, like other autoimmune diseases it is a mystery. It is theorized that it is the result of a combination of factors, most notably, the patient’s genes and the environment. Some experts also believe that a person may inherit a predisposition to lupus, but not the actual disease itself. Instead, people with this probable inherited predisposition for the disease may only develop the condition when they make some form of contact with something in the environment that may induce lupus, including some types of medication or a virus.  

The disease does not always develop in the same way for all individuals who are plagued by the disease . Signs and symptoms may materialize suddenly or develop over time. They may be mild or severe, and may be transient with fluctuating periods of the associated symptoms or permanent. Most people affected by lupus have a mild form of the disease characterized by episodes  which are deemed flares when signs and symptoms are worsened for a short period, then improve or even disappear entirely for some time.
The signs and symptoms of lupus that an individual will experience will greatly depend on the areas of the body that are affected by the condition. However the more regular signs and symptoms may include any of the following:  

a€¢    Anxiety  
a€¢    Depression  
a€¢    Memory loss  
a€¢    Fatigue  
a€¢    Fever  
a€¢    Weight loss or gain  
a€¢    Fingers and toes that turn white or blue during exposure to cold or during stressful periods. This is called Raynaud’s phenomenon.  
a€¢    Joint pain, stiffness and swelling  
a€¢    Butterfly-shaped rash or malar rash on the face that covers sections of the cheeks and the bridge of the nose  
a€¢    Skin lesions that appear and are actually worsened by sun exposure  
a€¢    Mouth sores  
a€¢    Hair loss (alopecia)  
a€¢    Shortness of breath  
a€¢    Chest pain  
a€¢    Dry eyes  
a€¢    Easy bruising  

Once an individual develops an unexplained rash, ongoing fever, persistent aching or fatigue, he or she should consult a doctor to rule out the possibility that it could be lupus.

Once a person has been diagnosed with lupus, he or she should have regular consultations with a doctor so that the condition can be treated and monitored effectively. Also any new symptoms should be looked on immediately.

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Lupus Symptoms

Lupus Diets : What You Eat Will Affect Your Lupus Symptoms

Author: Scott Michale

the foods you eat can also have an effect on your lupus symptoms. Some foods can relieve your symptoms, while others will make them worse. And creating a a€œlupus dieta€ comes down to eating more of the former, and avoiding the latter.

Avoid Saturated Fats

Lupus can increase your chances of developing heart disease.  And eating saturated fats makes you even more susceptible. Saturated fats can also cause inflammation, which is a major contributor to lupus pain. So those who are suffering from lupus should stick to foods that are low in fat.

Eat More Fish

Fish can be beneficial to people suffering from many different autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, Raynaud’s disease, and lupus. The fish oil found in really fatty fish can help alleviate symptoms like pain and swelling of the joints, and inflammation around the heart and lungs. So try to work more mackerel, albacore tuna, anchovies, herring, and Pacific salmon into your diet.

Other Foods to Avoid

There are many other foods that can worsen lupus symptoms and cause lupus flares. Alfalfa can stimulate the immune system. While this is usually a good thing, it isn’t in those whose immune systems are attacking their own bodies. Eating eggs can cause your body to produce biochemicals that can potentially cause or worsen inflammation. And eating hot dogs, cured meats, beans and mushrooms can also aggravate lupus symptoms.

Keep a Food Diary

But not everyone with lupus is affected in the same ways by the same foods. So consider keeping a food diary. Write down any foods you eat, and also make a note any time your symptoms seem worse than usual.  If you symptoms get worse every time you eat a certain food, this is probably a food you should avoid.

By learning how different foods can affect lupus, you can create a a€œlupus dieta€ that will help keep your symptoms under control.

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