Cirrhosis is the liver disorder that is characterized by the damage to the liver tissues. The occurrence of the cirrhosis is being noted to be occurring more in the people who drink alcohol a lot. As healthy tissue is replaced with scar tissue, the liver loses its ability to perform its functions, which include detoxifying the blood, storing vitamins and minerals, manufacturing blood clotting substances, and producing bile. A primary result of the condition is that the body becomes poisoned with blood toxins that the liver would usually eliminate. These toxins can have adverse effects on the entire body, including the rain.

Complication Caused Due to Liver Cirrhosis

Chronic hepatitis C, chronic hepatitis B and D, autoimmune hepatitis, drugs, toxins, and infections are found to cause liver cirrhosis. Sometimes the occurrence of the liver cirrhosis is being linked to the hereditary. Due to the liver cirrhosis the other complications like jaundice, Hepatic encephalopathy, liver cancer, gallstones, bruising and bleeding, and splenomegaly. Liver cirrhosis can be fatal if the care is not taken at the preliminary stage.

Signs and Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis typically does some amount of damage before any symptoms manifest. Early symptoms include Nausea, Loss of appetite, Fatigue, or Diarrhea. Standard treatments revolve around stopping or slowing the progress of the disease as early as possible, or easing the effects of advanced damage. Potential complications of advancing cirrhosis include excess fluid in your torso or legs, infection, increased levels of blood toxins, and increased potential for liver cancer. Your doctor can help you manage these effects, or others should they arise. The line of last resort for advanced cirrhosis is liver transplant.

If you notice any of these symptoms of liver cirrhosis, then please consult the doctor before the problems gets more serious and incurable.

Treatments of Liver Cirrhosis

Chronic Hepatic impairment usually occurs in the context of cirrhosis. In a chronic liver failure, impairment of health can be very gradual until a dramatic event, such as bleeding varies (large, tortuous veins), occurs. Treatment depends on the cause and clinical manifestations. Consumption of protein is carefully controlled. Low Sodium consumption is kept to help keep from the accumulation of ascetic fluid in the abdomen. The best way to prevent liver failure is to reduce the risk of developing cirrhosis or hepatitis. Eat a healthy diet from all food groups. Do not share any personal toiletry items, including toothbrushes and razors.

Here is a list of treatments and procedures that are commonly used to treat Cirrhosis:
Liver Transplant Low-sodium diet Iron supplements Increase the Vitamin C intake, this will allow all the impurities to get washed out of the liver. Vitamin K supplements Avoid alcohol Balanced diet and specifically low with the sodium Vitamin B Supplements intake is also useful to prevent the damaging of the cells in the liver. Medications, antibiotics for antibacterial infection and antiviral drugs to treat viral infections Daily exercise routine can also help to prevent liver cirrhosis Drinking of the fruit juices like pineapple helps to prevent the damage caused by the liver cirrhosis.

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autoimmune hepatitis causes

33 thoughts on “Autoimmune Hepatitis Causes

  1. Johnny Boy

    Pregnancy.I had problems with my liver four years ago and was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis.?
    Pregnancy ? I had problems with my liver four years ago and was diagnosed with autoimmune hepatitis.
    I’m overall healthy right now, But my g/f is currently 6 months pregnant and I’m nervous that my child may be born with liver problems? I’m very nervous. You’re help is greatly appreciated.

    1. Alayna

      First of all, any disease that has genetic origins usually does NOT mean that the child will have the same disease 100% of the time. There are many factors that can play a role in whether an individual has the disease or not.

      Autoimmune hepatitis in particular can have genetic or environmental causes. There is evidence that it’s genetic. Find out if your child is female or male, because 70% of those with autoimmune hepatitis are women. Although it does affect males as well, you might feel more reassured knowing that statistic exists.

      Autoimmune hepatitis research scientists have also discovered that certain genes known to play a role in the immune system are associated with a tendency to develop autoimmune hepatitis. Some people with autoimmune hepatitis do not have these particular genes; and still others have these genes but never develop the disease. This suggests that even if your child does have the genes, he/she may not necessary develop the disease just because one parent has it.

      However, I recommend that you visit a gynecologist, make visits to a pediatrician as your child ages to monitor changes in liver activity. Catching symptoms early on can reduce damage to the liver, as physicians can prescribe medications (like corticosteroids) to suppress immune activity.

      I wish you all the luck in the world; don’t worry too much. These days autoimmune diseases are quite treatable, and people can live long, healthy lifestyles.

  2. Daniel

    Does having relatively high numbers in your liver indicate hepatitis or other possible issues?
    I’m just wondering because my blood results showed my liver has high numbers. And I really do hope I don’t have hepatitis because I’m a very clean person and I’ve stayed away from drugs and alcohol for some time now.

    1. Baa Baa

      A person does not have to be dirty to get hepatitis. There are quite a number of medical conditions that can cause it other than alcohol or drug abuse. I assume you are referring to hepatitis C which is just one form of hepatitis. You need to find out why your numbers are high. If they were high only once, then you need to get blood work again to see if they are staying high all the time. If they are, then you need to get tested for any of the viral hepatitis A, B, C,or D. The doctor might also like to do some further testing to see if you have any liver damage present. They usually will do a CT scan or ultrasound first. A biopsy is the best test possible to get to figure out what is going on.

      If you used drugs and shared needles in the past, you could have come into contact with hep C and have it. It doesn’t matter if you have quit for many many years. You could still have it. Chronic hep C can take 20+ years before liver damage shows up for some people. Alcohol abuse and having hep C are the top 2 reasons for needing a liver transplant in the U.S. today. Hep C doesn’t go away because you no longer use drugs.

      High numbers means there could be a liver problem. Some of the other reasons for having hepatitis is fatty liver disease, autoimmune disease, biliary diseases, and iron overload to name the more common ones. The word “hepatitis” means inflammation of the liver. There can be many conditions to cause the liver to be inflamed as I mentioned.

  3. Spanky

    Has anyone ever heard of drug induced autoimmune hepatitis?
    I have recently been diagnosed with something called minocycline induced hepatitis with autoimmune tendencies. I took a mild antibiotic (minocycline) for acne for about 3 years which caused hepatitis. The odd thing is that it caused autoimmune hepatitis which took forever to diagnose. It’s supposed to be very rare but I was wondering if anyone knew anything about it or have heard of someone having it. It doesn’t have to be caused by minocycline though because I had a bad flair up after taking amoxicillin.

    1. John R

      Check it out on the Web MD. If this was Caused by the Prescription Drug that you took, you should See A Lawyer about Suing the Manufacturer!!!! No Joke! Hepatitis is Nothing to Play with it affects your liver. That’s why they call it ” The Liver” without proper Liver Function —- you Die. Not to say that you have been effected that Seriously, but it is better to be Safe than Sorry. Check out the ” Side Effects” of the Medication! If your ” Condition” is not Listed, you will have a Major Lawsuit against that Manufacturer! Be safe, Check it out as soon as possible.

    1. cindy1323

      Autoimmune hepatitis is already causing damage to your liver, if you add alcohol to the mix, you will expedite the damage to your liver 5 x faster than someone who doesn’t drink. It is typical to have hepatitis for many years, so you have to take extra good care of your liver. Dying from end stage liver disease is not a pretty picture; I have seen quite a few people pass away from liver failure because they didn’t want to quit drinking; but the ironic thing is with liver disease, eventually you will quit drinking when you become too sick to do anything. Not trying to scare you, just telling the truth. Best wishes.

  4. Scarabia

    What can cause continually rising liver function tests when the obvious has been ruled out?
    I don’t drink, don’t do drugs except teh ones I am prescribed. I have been taken off every Rx that affects my liver. My liver isn’t swollen nor does it cause pain, but I have had an elevated Alkaline Phos since dirt and now the other enzymes are elevating to many times above normal. Short of having a liver Bx, are ther any foods or topical sources that could cause me to have chronically elevated liver enzymes? Please take this question seriously – my health, possibly my life is at stake. Thank you.

    1. jmensch17

      There are many different liver enzymes we measure, and they all mean different things. The big three classifications are for intracellular damage, secretion and synthetic function.

      Liver markers for intracellular damage are ALT (most sensative) and AST. These have been called SGOT and SGPT in older classification systems. These are naturally occuring enzymes wich function inside liver cells. When liver cells are damaged, they leak out into the blood system and blood counts of these markers increase. So they indicate liver destruction. Most often this is from an insult of something [toxic] the cells are trying to proccess but can’t. Alcohol is the classic example. Obesity and fat can have the same effect as alcohol. Prescribed medications can themselves be toxic this way if they overwhelm the liver’s capacity to metabolize them. Other times its over the counter meds, herbs, alternative therapies. A second proccess that damages liver cells is viral infection, most often Hepatitis A, B, C, D or F but also CMV, HIV. Also intracellular bacterial infection like TB. Other causes are autoimmune (your own immune system attacks the liver) and genetic cellular damage (defect in enzymes, or ability to handle iron and/ or copper).

      The second classification of liver markers are those that tell us of secretion from the liver. Aside from metabolizing toxins as described above, the liver has a whole second duty of secreting things into your GI tract. Sometimes this is just to help with digestion (of fats) and sometimes its to elimante things from your body. The primary marker for secretion is Alk Phos. When the ducts that carry things out of the liver to the GI tract get blocked, Alk Phos and bile and other things get backed up in the liver and spill over into the bloodstream. Something has to physically block the ducts for this to happen. So causes related to this are physical. Gall stones, tumor (malignant or benign), inflammation and scaring.

      The third function of the liver is to synthesize new proteins. The main marker of this is albumin. Poor ability to synthesize new protein is usually related to overall health and nutrition and usually not do to the liver itself unless you have severe or end stage liver disease of the first type above.

      OK, OK. Now its not quite that simple. It really does depend on which exact markers are elevated. For instance, Alk Phos also comes from bone! Elevated levels of just alk phos can come from bone infection, brakes, erosion or tumor as well as hormonal mediated bone metabolism.

      Get a copy of your test results and look them up on a lab web site like the one linked below. Alternatively, post the list of test results in your question on this site.

      In the meantime, quite simply cut out any and all herbals and over the counter medications.

      Lastly, don’t freak out just yet sometimes the body is just being stressed by something temporary and this may all resolve.

  5. Anonymous

    Will autoimmune hepatitis go away after a liver transplant?
    My mother has this disease and the doctors are saying she will need a new liver. I just wonder if the illness will go away or will the immune system attack the new liver?

  6. lol ok

    What are some things that are harmful to your liver?
    I’m doing a project on the liver (organ) and I need to know about 2 other things that you can do to harm it. For example, The abuse of alcohol shuts down your liver, causing a chronic liver disease called cirrhosis (which is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis b, hepatitis c and fatty liver disease).

    What are 2 other things you can to do harm your liver and what can that lead to?

  7. t_greg09

    What else can cause positive ANA besides lupus?
    In February I had a positive ANA test. I was retested in June for Anti histone and Anti-dsDNA and both came back positive. My maternal grandmother has lupus but my rheumatologist says he does not believe I have lupus as I have no symptoms besides numbness and tingling in my feet from time to time. What could cause these tests to be positive besides lupus? Should I be concerned?

    1. ★☆✿❀

      A positive ANA can be caused by a number of autoimmune diseases, such as Lupus, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Sjogren’s Syndrome, Hashimoto’s, Scleroderma and Autoimmune Hepatitis. It can also be positive in healthy people without autoimmune diseases.

      The Anti-histones test is often positive in people with drug induced Lupus. Are you on any medication? However, it can be positive in people with SLE.

      The anti-dsDNA test is found in people with SLE.

      These tests are highly suggestive of something autoimmune. And as you have a family history of Lupus and autoimmune diseases it’s likely this is the case.

      The numbness and tingling sounds like neuropathy which is common in autoimmune diseases.

      It’s very possible that you will develop SLE at some point in the future. Many rheumatologists now believe that treating these autoimmune diseases early and aggressively gives the best prognosis. If your doctor does not agree with this, I would suggest getting a second opinion.

      I have early Lupus/Sjogren’s and my rheumatologist has put me on Plaquenil in the hopes that treating it early will put me into complete remission.


  8. cutiekiah

    Can you get cirrhosis of the liver by drinking Pepsi or Coke?
    I heard something about getting cirrhosis of the liver if you drink pepsi or Coke. Do you think that is true and if you do or don’t, do you have some facts to back it up?

  9. impokey

    When in remission from autoimmune hepatitis, does my liver continue to deteriorate despite medicine?
    Diagnosed 1 yr nad have managed to go into remission since Feb. I know there is no cure but I can’t find answer as to how or if my liver may be deteriorating

    1. abijann

      When liver cell become damage, from
      any number of causes, the immune system of
      the body responds to this and causes
      inflammation to develop in the liver.
      Inflammation develops because of damage and
      also to protect the “rest” of the body (sort of
      puts up a blockage so that bacteria or infection
      doesn’t go through any farther) from anything
      foreign coming into the body…but, in this
      instant…it only increases damage since the
      liver is surrounded by a membrane capsule and
      the added inflammation causes pressure in
      the liver and also causes the liver to enlarge in size and take on a spongy texture.

      When you have an auto immune disease…
      this means that your own immune system is
      attacking your own liver cells and damage to
      these cells are still done….it is like a double
      whamy. It is great that it is going into remission…
      if you can keep it in remission and the inflammation
      is treated, then it may not advance any farther.

      The problem is, if the inflammation continues to
      the point where the liver cells start to die off,
      then it will become a progressive disease
      known as cirrhosis of the liver.

      Up to this point it is known as Hepatitis caused
      by an autoimmune cause. Hepat means liver
      and itis means inflammation. So hepatitis
      is inflammation of the liver cells.

      Cirrhosis is death of the liver cells that lead
      to scar tissue formation in the liver.

      The scar tissue in the liver blocks the flow of
      blood through the liver on its way back to the
      heart; it also blocks the flow of blood to the
      liver cells and therefore they lack oxygen,
      nourishment, etc and the healthy cells continue
      to die off.

      So, if you are on medications and they are
      keeping you in remission…that is great.
      You should ask the doctor if you have been
      diagnosed with Cirrhosis, as yet. Medications,
      when it reaches that point, can only slow
      the disease down and help with symptoms…
      it isn’t a cure.

      Without all your tests results, we would not
      be able to tell you what stage of the disease
      you are in. Usually, a liver biopsy is the
      best test done to determine this. You should
      be with either a gastroenterologist or hepatologist
      now. This usually goes from damage to the
      liver cells, to inflammation of the liver cells, to
      fibrosis in the liver, to death of the liver cells
      over time (Cirrhosis). From the enlargement of
      the liver now shrinking in size and taking
      on a hard texture…the liver is dying.

      I hope this information has been of some help
      to you.

    1. Baa Baa

      The experts give an estimate of 10 years of heavy drinking can cause cirrhosis to form, but that varies greatly from one person to another. Some people could get it sooner while others may go 20+ years and still not have it. My cousin died at 38 from cirrhosis and I had a neighbor that drank heavy since his teen years and didn’t die from cirrhosis till he was in his late 60s.

      Do only heavy drinkers have to contend with cirrhosis. The answer is no. There are many reasons a person can develop cirrhosis other than alcohol abuse. Some other reasons are autoimmune disease, biliary diseases, iron over load called hemochromatosis, all the viral hepatitis such as A, B, C, and D, medications that hurt the liver, fatty liver called NASH that progresses to cirrhosis, etc.

  10. PopcornTooth

    What is the typical life expectancy for someone who receives an organ transplant?
    Specifically liver.

    Is the life expectancy of a transplant recipient different when it is a child vs. an adult?

    Also, is it a matter of when, not if, the organ will ultimately reject?

    1. Baa Baa

      You cannot compare one against the other since there are many factors involved. Example: If a person has liver failure from alcohol abuse and then receives a transplant and never drinks again, this person can live to be very very old and never have any liver problems again. Another example: A person has liver failure from hepatitis C and receives a transplant. The hep C does not go away and attacks the new liver which eventually destroys it also. This person might need more than one transplant throughout their life. I talked with a man in my transplant center who was waiting on his third transplant due to having hep C.

      Everything depends on what is causing the problem in the first place. If you can get rid of whatever has destroyed the liver, then the person should have a normal lifespan. I don’t know much of anything about children having transplants, so can’t help you on that. I do know one child who had a transplant when he was 7. He is now 17 and doing great.

      The organ should not reject as long as the person takes anti rejection drugs. The drugs they have today are very good at stopping rejection. I’ve had mine for 5 years now and have not had even a hint of any rejection problem. Even if it would start to reject, they usually are able to stop it. There are some rare cases in which people do not need to take any anti rejection drugs, but as I said, this is extremely rare. I had cirrhosis from an autoimmune disease and had to get a transplant. I do not worry about rejection at all. I worry more about my autoimmune system attacking my new liver more than anything. That would be the one thing that might cause me to need a second transplant.

  11. RITIKA

    What can be the other cause of liver sirosis if a person is non alcoholic?
    My relative is suffering from liver sirosis though he does not have alcohol. previously his gall bladder was remived could this b d cauz?

  12. busemomme

    What causes psorosis of the liver besides alcohol?
    My mother in law has recently been diagnosed with psorosis of the liver and we would like any information that anyone can give us on what can cause it. She doesn’t drink..never has. She is a diabetic and on several medications.

    1. r alexander

      I think you mean cirrhosis. Alcohol is not the only thing that causes it. Infections such as Hepatitis C and Hepatitis B can also cause cirrhosis. Sometimes, it is cause by an autoimmune disease, where the body attacks itself. Sometimes the cause is unknown (idiopathic). There are also several rare diseases that can cause cirrhosis (ie Wilsons disease (copper problem), hemachromatosis (iron problem), etc, etc).

  13. crazyfucker

    how do you die from hepatitis?
    i have autoimmune hepatitis, the treatment is prednisone, i refused treatment because i know hundreds of people who suffer from the side effects and had their lives ruined by this drug.
    the mortality rate for pacients without treatment is very high so i just want to know how it will happen.
    is it painful? sudden? will i be hospitalized until it happens?

  14. entrprnrshp

    What is the definition of elevated liver enzymes?
    My mother had blood work done and she was told that her liver enzymes were elevated and no one explained what that meant. If anyone has the answer to this question please feel free to contact me via email. Thank you for your time.

    1. ηárdiη

      A laboratory report of elevated liver enzymes is common and doesn’t indicate a specific disease. However, elevated liver enzymes may be due to liver disease even if you have no symptoms. To determine the underlying cause of elevated liver enzymes, your doctor may recommend further testing.

      Common causes of elevated liver enzymes include:

      * Side effect of medication, such as certain nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), cholesterol medications, antibiotics or anti-seizure medications
      * Drinking alcohol
      * Obesity
      * Diabetes
      * Elevated triglycerides
      * Infection, such as viral hepatitis and mononucleosis
      * Autoimmune disorders of the liver and bile ducts, such as autoimmune hepatitis, primary sclerosing cholangitis or primary biliary cirrhosis
      * Metabolic liver disease, such as hemochromatosis or Wilson’s disease
      * Excessive use of certain herbal supplements, such as kava, comfrey, pennyroyal or skullcap
      * Gallstones
      * Tumors of the liver, pancreas or bile ducts

  15. JudasHero

    Are there any forms of hepatitis that are NOT transmittable?
    I realize that not all forms of hepatitis are STDs, but are there any forms that you could have, still have sex and you won’t transmit to your partner? Or are all forms transmittable?

    1. journeyer

      hepatitis is actually inflammation of liver. it can be due to many causes such as viral infection, bacterial infection, parasitic infection, drug, autoimmune disease and metabolyte problem.

      the transmissible one is due to viral infection. but not all viral infection will be transmitted. the 2 virus that can cause transmission during sexual intercourse are hepatitis B and C. otherwise all are not transmissible.

      check this link below for more information

  16. S

    What causes elevated liver enzymes in an otherwise healthy person?
    My mother (early 60s) walks every day, eats in moderation, drinks occasionally, and does not smoke. Her blood test came back for elevated liver enzymes, which is very concerning, since she seems very healthy.

    1. abijann

      No one blood testing is 100% accurate…it
      takes more than one to be sure.

      The liver enzymes are a hint that there may
      be liver cell damage. However, The
      ALT enzyme is the most specific to the
      liver diagnosis, since it is mostly made in the
      liver…the other enzymes are made in the liver
      but also, in about the same quantities, in other

      It takes more blood tests to truly confirm
      it is a liver problem. These tests include
      the liver functions tests (Bilirubin, INR,
      Albumin, Pt, PTT) which shows how well
      the cells of the liver are able to perform
      the functions to keep the body well and
      also the viral testing to see if a virus is
      using the liver cells to replicate itself
      (like Hepatitis A,B,C,etc).

      Patients who have liver disease, will not
      know they have it. The liver is very quiet
      about damage done to it, until the cells
      start to die off and the functions deteriorate.
      They may appear tired or sometimes have
      flu like symptoms…this could be mistaken
      for other medical ills.

      Some of the things that can cause liver damage
      that doesn’t involve alcohol is:
      medication toxification
      chemical exposure
      hereditary conditions
      autoimmune disease
      fatty liver disease
      biliary obstruction/malformation/infection
      cancer or tumors/cysts
      cardiac problems
      parasitic infections
      viral infections
      and there are others.

      Some of these liver enzymes can be elevated
      if you have trouble with the bones or
      if there is a biliary problem, have heart problems,
      or have exercised alot before the testing.

      If her enzymes stay elevated…they may
      examine her to see if they can feel if the
      liver is enlarged. If the cells of the liver
      are damaged, the immune system of
      the body responds and causes inflammation
      in the liver which causes the liver to enlarge
      in size. If this happens to be the case,
      they may do an ultrasound or Ct scan
      to look at the liver. She should be referred
      to a gastroenterologist or hepatologist if
      they see an enlargement or tumors or if
      the blood isn’t flowing well through the liver.

      It is difficult to wait for the next blood tests
      results…but, at times, they will return to
      normal. In some people, elevated levels
      are their normal for them.

      Hope things work out that she doesn’t
      have any problems. Best wishes.

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