Raynaud's phenomenon is a condition of reduced blood flow with spasm of small blood vessels (capillaries) in the extremities: usually, fingers, and toes, ears, nose, nipples and knees in contact with cold air or emotions / stress.

Severity of the disease depends on the duration of contact with the stressor or cold air, and the degree of impairment of capillaries. The condition is more common in women and people who live in cold climates.

Raynaud's phenomenon can be a primary disease (the most common form) and secondary or associated with other diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and CREST syndrome (calcium deposits in the skin, esophagitis, sclerodactyly) Buerger disease, Sjogren's syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, vascular occlusive disease, polymyositis, cryoglobulinemia.

The causes of this phenomenon are not known precisely, but there are considered two hypotheses: 1) there is a blood disease characterized by thrombocytosis and p polyglobulia with increased blood viscosity and 2) an overreaction of the body's blood vessels to cold exposure or stress. When the body is exposed to cold temperatures, the extremities lose heat; the body slows down blood flow to the extremities to maintain optimum temperature of vital organs. In people with Raynaud's syndrome, the body's normal response is exaggerated.

People with connective tissue disease or autoimmune disorders, smokers (mainly men) alcoholic individuals (often women) and with Helicobacter pylori gastritis have an increased risk of developing Raynaud's phenomenon. Also, certain medicines for other conditions may worsen disease: beta blockers, estrogen-based contraceptives, some chemotherapeutic agents and exposure to vinyl chloride used in plastics industry.

Contact of extremities, fingers frequently, with the cold air followed by heating will result in discoloration thereof, which ranges from pale (white) to purple and then red, painful swelling and tenderness, and in severe cases can appear ulceration, gangrene (10% of cases). Episode can last from less than a minute to several hours.

Diagnosis of the disease is based on history and physical examination of the affected areas. It also can perform a cold challenge test where discoloration is observed in the exposed areas. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and increased ESR are observed in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, which are frequently associated with Raynaud's syndrome. Capillaroscopy is an investigation that gives us information about the capillaries of the affected areas.

Preventive measures are the most important – avoid contact with cold air, wearing gloves and heat socks, avoid stress as possible, stopping smoking and alcohol consumption, avoid injuries and / or vibration on the affected areas. Antihypertensive drug therapy is administered during the winter, which reduces vasoconstriction and increase blood flow to the extremities.

These drugs are given only on medical advice. As an alternative treatment, we can use fish oil supplements and ginkgo biloba to improve peripheral circulation.

General measures
stop smoking because it produces vasoconstriction avoid to rule in places where smoking significantly reducing coffee consumption adopt a diet without fat and sugar drink plain water in sufficient quantity to have a good circulation avoid stress as much as possible protect hands from cold avoiding tools that vibrate avoid contact with cold objects avoid using drugs that cause vascular spasm
You should know that both Raynaud's disease and syndrome affect the structure and function of the peripheral vascular system, and sometimes the internal organs (the syndrome), which has profound implications in choosing the most appropriate treatment.

Calivita herbal supplements helpful in Raynaud's phenomenon
Mega Protect 4 Life is a cardiovascular protective acting on both the heart and the arterial and venous system (especially on the artery – causing mild vasodilatation and arterial system protection) Rhodiolin is an anxiolytic and antispasmodic agent (prevents arterial spasm). Is indicated especially when arterial spasm occurs with emotional background. Super Soya Lecithin is taken after meals, in conjunction with Mega Protect 4 Life which enhances its vasodilator effect, has a protective effect preventing the deposit lipids in the arterial wall (prevents thickening of the vessel) and has a mild anti-inflammatory effect.
In Raynaud's phenomenon is also necessary to treat the underlying disease that led to this phenomenon.

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Source: http://www.sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/diseases-articles/extremity-vascular-disease-raynauds-phenomenon-1112601.html

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